ANew Birth of Freedom: The Civil War
TheCivil War was bought between the American States and even families.Both sides of the warring factors believed they fighting for theirrights. Also known as the Rebels, the Southerners were fighting tokeep slavery because their economy was driven by free slave labor.The South wanted to leave the Union to form their own nation andargued they were not allowed to exit peacefully. They believed thatStates had the right to leave the Union whenever they wished to.Eleven States from the South left the Union to form the ConfederateStates of America. They elected their own congress and presidentcontrary to the national laws. The Northern States fought to ensurethe Southern States upheld the constitution. The Northern fought forwhat they believed was liberty of the Nation and the slaves. Theybelieved slavery was inhuman and infringed the slave’s rights.
Whenthe Civil War began, President Lincoln maintained that the war wasabout fighting for the Union and not slavery. As the war progressed,the Union kept losing in many battles and the Northerners changedtheir strategy to attack the infrastructure that upheld the economyof the South. African- Americans ran from the plantations during theWar and joined the Union lines. The collapse of slavery compelled theLincoln government to create anti slavery policies. Therefore thepressure of radical republicans, loss of battles and running ofslavery compelled Lincoln to shift the war into emancipation ofslaves.
Lincoln’sleadership during the war made him a creative military and politicalleader. Lincoln received mass support during the war because the warrequired public will and support if the North was to win. To ensurethe public did not get tired with the war, Lincoln often sought theopinion of the Northerners and even consulted with the ProtestantEvangelism and political culture. He created the ideology thatAmerica is a foundation of liberty and by eradicating slavery, theliberty of the entire nation was upheld. Lincoln was a perceptivejudge and leader who sought public opinion when making criticaldecisions.
TheCivil War successfully settled two major national issues. First, thewar upheld the unity of America as a nation. Second, the war foughtfor the liberty of all human by eradicating slavery. However, the Wardid not address the future of the emancipated slaves.
TheCivil Rights Bill of 1866 highlighted the significance of thepresident’s veto power. The Bill enacted laws based on the victoryof the North’s ideologies on the war. First, the bill stipulatedthat any person born in the United States was legally a U.S. citizen.Previous laws had stipulated that no black person could become a U.S.citizen because it was a state for the white people only. Second, theBill stipulated that all American Citizens (including slaves), toequally enjoy basic rights such as right to: property ownership, tojustice, to sign contracts and hold a job, testify in court andparticipate in economic activities. Previous laws discriminatedagainst the blacks and Lincoln felt it was impossible to run a nationon two sets of laws, one for the blacks and the other for the whites. Therefore, the basic principles of the civil rights were right tocitizenship, and equal rights to all people living in the U.S.
Foner,Erick. GiveMe Liberty!: An American History. Ney York, NY: W. W. Norton, 2014.Print