Accordingto statutory law, legal abortion should be performed in the hospitalthat has the necessary equipment to preserve life. That is, thehospital should be able to take care of the mother’s health, andthe process should reassure live birth. Additionally, a legalabortion should be conducted by a trained and licensed medicaldoctor, as well as conducted in a licensed abortion facility. On theother hand, the statutory law defines illegal abortion as an abortionprocess that does not fulfil the standards of legal abortion. Thisincludes sale or manufacture of a substance, drug, or instrumentintended to be used in an abortion procedure. In addition, illegalabortion include the procedure, act, or the use of any drug,medicine, or instrument that is prescribed, supplied, andadministered to an expectant woman and is likely to terminatepregnancy.
Abortionlaws in Minnesota are not as restrictive as they are in manycountries. However, for the procedure to happen, the law informs thatthere should be the consent of the woman. In addition, it ismandatory for an expectant woman to undergo medical counselling sothat she can learn the medical risks accompanied with abortion.Besides, the woman should be given twenty-four hours to make thefinal decision. During the mandatory counselling session, the motheris taught the expectations foetus experiences. According to McBride(2007),the counselling consists of many critics that are meant to discouragethe procedure.
Onthe other hand, the national legislature consists of Women’s Rightto Know Act that consists of several requirements. For instance, thewoman should be provided abortion information twenty-four hours priorthe procedure. The act also elaborates on the live birth, criminalacts, and the disposition of the miscarried foetuses or abortedchild.
Minnesotalegislation on abortion is similar to other states in United Statesfrom the definition of legal and illegal abortion to the content fromthe woman. For instance, Minnesota law, similarly to other states,states that the women must present a written consent before a medicaldoctor conducts the procedure. Secondly, Minnesota abortion law alsoprohibits a minor from aborting without the parental notice orcontest. Thirdly, Minnesota has informed consent abortion law similarto other thirty-three states. Naden(2007), states that forty-three states, including Minnesota lawstates that only a trained physician can perform an abortion.Specifically, Minnesota law states that only trained and licensedmedical doctor can perform the abortion. Fourthly, Minnesota law alsoprohibits clinic harassment and blockades together with other twelvestates. Fifthly, Minnesota law also permits the medical doctor torefuse to participate in the procedure based on either religiousconviction or conscience. On the other hands, some of the Minnesotaabortion law differs from other state laws. For instance, Minnesotalaw does not include abortion coverage in the programs concerningstate health care. Besides, Minnesota has different penalties forviolating abortion penalties, residency requirements, waitingperiods, and licensing requirement.
NorthDakota and Arkansas have the most specific laws concerning abortion.For example, the North Dakota law bans abortion after six weeks fromthe woman’s last monthly period. They argue the child has alreadymatured that at this stage since the heartbeat is detectable with atransvaginal probe. On the other hand, Arkansas prohibits abortionafter twelve weeks of pregnancy. Similar, they argue the child hasalready developed, and its heartbeats can be detected by abdominalultrasound. In 2011, an approximate of one million women aborted inUnited States. According to Cohen(2015),this number continued to decrease up to 2013. However, Californiarecorded the highest cases of abortion in 2011, followed by New Yorkand Florida respectively. Correspondingly, Wyoming, South Dakota, andNorth Dakota recorded the lowest cases of abortion in that order.
Cohen,I. G. (2015). Are all abortions equal? Should there be exceptions tothe criminalization of abortion for rape and incest?. TheJournal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 43(1),87-104.
McBride,D. E. (2007). Abortionin the United States: A reference handbook.Santa Barbara, Calif: ABC-CLIO.
Naden,C. J. (2007). Abortion.New York: Marshall Cavendish Benchmark.