Answering questions


Chapter 5

Question 1

Meeting someone with a lot of tattoos and body piercings evokesdifferent feelings and thoughts about the person. Each of thefollowing processes would affect how I might respond to such a personlargely. An attribution bias may occur while judging such a person asa result of over using or under using the available informationavailable to explain their behavior. Attribution bias is likely tooccur in intergroup relations and can fuel negative relations betweenopposing groups. The mental picture I would have of someone who haspierced their body and has many tattoos would also affect my thoughtsof them and causing a cognitive dissonance. The feeling of mentalstress or discomfort would be created as they hold contradictoryideas, beliefs and behaviors to the norm of the society (Jones et al.2013). Confirmatory bias, which is searching to interpret why such aperson has so many tattoos, is likely to affect my response to such aperson.

Any positive or negative expectation of the events leading to suchbehavior may be interpreted through self-fulfilling prophecies toexplain the situation evoking tattoo or piercing behavior. Otherprocesses that would affect how I respond to the person would betheir age, if they are young they are probably experimenting andtrying to get an identity. Their social class may be useful inexplaining why certain people behave the way they do while regionalbackground like in regions where tattooing is a taboo may affect howone respond’s to them. I learnt how to respond this way through myfamily values, school teachings and religious background.

Question 2

Negative information as compared to positive information weighs moreheavily in people’s daily perceptions, evaluations and decisionmaking as a result of the impact that negative information has.Mentally negative information affects one’s ability to respond andphysically wears out their energy. This information affects the way Irespond to people of a race, ethnicity or sexual orientationdifferent from mine in various ways. It helps me understand theirtemperaments, attitudes and behavior.

Question 5

Some of the social cognition and social categorization reasons thatpeople are biased against overweight people, gay or lesbians andmembers of a different racial ethnic group from their own are asocial psychology theory. This theory describes how people categorizethose who do not belong to their social identity groups. The reasonsare similar in that the society plays a crucial role in classifyingand categorizing people according to their behaviors. The reasons aredifferent because sociology and psychology are two different aspectsfusing together to describe the society in relation to human behaviorand thoughts in social cognition. Social cognition attempts toexplain the difference in thoughts for people who behave differentlyfrom the societal expectations while social categorization attemptsto classify people according to stereotypes.

Chapter 6

Question 1

My stereotypes of groups affect many perceptions of people fromcertain groups. It helps me reflects the kinds of jobs or activitiesthat I them occupy as well. These stereotypes might account for thecurrent social roles of the stereotyped groups. According to Joneset al (2013), stereotypes are mental perceptions held about certaingroups of people that may not be generally correct. Stereotypes heldabout the Americans for example are their carefree attitude, which isat times termed as arrogant. Stereotypes held about the Chinesepeople are being conservative and careful ensuring diligence in theirjobs.

Question 4

The objectification of women affects them across their lifespan.Women are viewed as tools of pleasure for men and child-bearingvessels making them grow up feeling less superior than men. Theexperiences of objectification makes the woman grows up from a youngage viewing men as superior and more capable than them. Rarely do menexperiences objectification as they are brought up knowing they aresuperior. It thus does not affect them in the same way as women.Objectification of men and women is different for members ofdifferent race and ethnic groups due to cultural beliefs andbehavior. Some traditional cultures still tie women to beliefs thatmake them objectified.

Question 5

System justification theory suggests that societies developideologies and cultural beliefs that help maintain the status quo.The American belief however is that anyone who works hard enough cansucceed. This system justifying belief empowers men and women andgives equal rights to both genders. Gender discrimination is thus notan issue in America. Women and men given the same opportunities canprevail reaching their full potential.


Jones, J. M.,Dovidio, J. F., &amp Vietze, D. L. (2013).&nbspThePsychology of Diversity: Beyond Prejudice and Racism.Hoboken: Wiley.