Causal Factors



Emotionaland behavioural disorder (EBD) is a condition in which a child isemotionally disabled and such a child is unable to build and maintaina good interpersonal relationship with neither his peers norteachers. He or she displays a constant type of behaviour that isinappropriate under normal conditions, is always in depression orsadness moods and unreasonable fears for circumstances or certainpeople surrounding him or her. As a result, such students’education performance is highly affected since they are unable tocope up with learning. There are many factors that are consequentlyassociated with emotional and behavioral disorders althoughbiological, family, and culture are considered to be the major.

Biologicalmake up is a factor causing emotional and behavioral disorders. Itrelates the genetically make up of the child. Children born infamilies where either the parents or the relatives have once sufferedfrom Emotional and behavioral disorder have higher chances ofdeveloping these disorders than those born of families where thiscase has never been experienced (Cardno, Rijsdijk, &amp Sham, 2002).In families where excessive force in modes of punishment or evenviolence witnessed may be factors that may lead to a child developingthis disorder (Council for exceptional children, 2007). Research hasshown that some children will develop EBD as a result of chemicalimbalances in their bodies, for instance lacking or having low levelof some minerals in their bodies such magnesium and iron.

Emotionaland behavioral disorder is also influenced by the family in which oneis brought up in. The family environment in which a child livedbefore joining school predicts how the child will behave, thisreflecting how the parents used to or behaves (Heward, 2003).Childrenraised in families where the parents how no love, concern and therequired psychological support may develop this disorder. Theyalways seem to be lonely and will not want to associate with otherstudents. Some students who are phobic to some people, things, andeven situations are so as a result of trauma that they onceexperienced at an early age. For instance, a student will have fearand hatred for male teachers if at one time at an early age had beenassaulted by any fatherly figure. Therefore, the family setting is aconsideration in determining the behaviour of a student.

Differentcultures will influence how a student will behave due to the variousexpectations from the growing child. A lot of pressure is exerted tostudent if the culture is too much expectant of them, as a result,such students may develop emotional and behavioral disorder. In somecircumstances, a student may develop emotional and behavioraldisorders as a result of sudden change of culture that is differentfrom theirs and don’t have the required adjustment assistance. Thischange of culture might have been caused by factors such as change ofenvironment and the people.

Thecausality of emotional and behavioral disorders can be evaluated,courtesy of the various criteria used. The disorders caused by thebiological factors can be detected due to factors such as low levelor lack of mineral salts in the body (Kauffman &amp Landrum, 2008).This type of evaluation is possible through medical and laboratorytests. In detection of disorders caused by family and culturalfactors, various forms of therapy such as the therapeutic test areapplicable. This facilitates detection of low mental strength in themental development or behaviour of young children.

Thecausal factors of emotional and behavioral disorders have impacts onthe students. With family factors, children who were once bullied,abused or exposed to any form of harassment lacks faith in adults,this making them inferior and may not seek help whenever behavioraldisorder develops (Rutherford &amp Quinn, 2004). If medical measuresare not taken early, disorders arousing from biological factors maylead to development of even more complex mental disorders. Inaddition to this, the factors discussed above tend to weaken thestudents resolving power to fight it or seek medical help. Due to theloneliness experienced by emotional and behavioral disordersstudents, they may develop vices such drugs and substance abuse, deepdepression or even attempt to take away their lives if medicalmeasures are not taken against such students.

Althoughthere are various ways of mitigating causal factors of emotional andbehavioral disorders, regular medical checkups for young children isrecommended. This is because practitioners in the medical field arecompetent enough and have the re required skills to diagnoseemotional and behavioral disorders. Diagnosing emotional andbehavioral disorders may be a difficult task since it’s almostimpossible to differentiate the students suffering from emotional andbehavioral disorders and the normal students’ behaviour, buttrained medical officers are able to detect and diagnose thedisorders (National Association of school Psychologists, 2005).Once achild displays emotional and behavioral disorders symptoms, earlytreatment is recommended for the child’s healthy growing.

Manystudents do suffer in secrecy since emotional and behavioral disorderis widely encountered amongst children. This may affect them all theway to their adulthood life if not well mitigated and interventionssuch as medical treatment being put in place at an early age. Parentsand teachers should identify children suffering from emotional andbehavioral disorders and take safety precautions against them toensure that they do not suffer in silence. Development of schools andeducation systems catering the victims of emotional and behavioraldisorders should be embraced.


Heward,W. L. (2003).&nbspExceptionalchildren: An introduction to special education.&nbspUpperSaddle River, NJ: R. R. Donnelley &amp Sons.

Kauffman,J. M., &amp Landrum, T. J. (2009).&nbspCharacteristicsof emotional and behavioral disorders of children and youth&nbsp(9thed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill.

Malmgren,K., &amp Edgar, E. (1998). Postschool status of Youth withBehavioral Disorders.Behavioral Disorders, 23(4),257-263.

Yell,M.L., Meadows, N. B., Drasgow, E., and Shriner, J.G (2009).Evidence-basedpractice for educating students with emotional and behavioraldisorders. Upper saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.