Comparative Politics

ComparativePolitics

InstitutionAffiliation

ComparativePolitics

Successof Japan

Thesuccess of Japan can be traced to a number of factors. For instance,after massive WW2 destruction, the country was reconstructed usingmodern building techniques coupled with improved technology, unlikeother countries which relied on outdated development. Additionally,it received substantial aid from allied nations which helped recoverits economy. Furthermore, it adopted mass production approach simplemethods of producing large amount of similar goods. Besides that,Japan has incorporated effective ethics in its operation, promoted bydedicated and high-skilled manpower. Developing countries can learnJapan’s approach to better their economies.

Classification

The13 cases can be classified into 1st,2ndand 3rdworld of development. United Kingdom, United States, Germany, Russia,Japan and France are 1stworld, China, India, Iran the 2ndworld, while Brazil, Mexico, South Africa and Nigeria entail the 3rdworld nations. This classification is based on the level of economicdevelopment, with the 1st,2ndand 3rdworld nations comprising the highest, higher and the less developed.

CommunistDevelopment in Russia and China

Withregard to communist development Russia and China feature a weak ruleof law which can be attributed to the instrumental approach to law bytheir cultures. In contrast, while China advocated for marketsocialism, Russian was championed for a free market which wascharacterized with the western imperialism. Furthermore, Russia’sadopted a policy on privatization as china stuck on its communalmarket system with the government retaining a monopoly of politicalpower.

StateControl of Citizens’ Life

Thetable on page 396 indicates how the compared nations are ranked basedon hoe they control their citizens’ lives. While some nations placestringent checks and balances on their citizens’ life endeavors,some place less strict controls. For instance, China and Russia areranked low because they are communist states.

Theauthors of this textbook are much correct in selecting the 13 casestudies. From my point of view, these countries were selected becausethey feature a relatively consistent organization which provides abetter basis for their comparison and understanding of comparativepolitics. Furthermore, the selected countries featured major trendingthemes in comparative politics, such as pollution in China, recentriots against government in England, among other significant issues.

Justificationof the Selection

Asfar as geographical location of these countries is concerned, SouthAfrica, Nigeria, Iran, and India are at a great advantage becausethey have favorable climate and rich and untapped natural resources.In contrast, Japan, UK, US, Brazil, Mexico, Germany, Russia andFrance are at a disadvantage because they are situated indisaster-prone and overexploited grounds.

Prospectsof Nigeria, South Africa, Brazil and Mexico

Nigeriais the most populous country in Africa. Although hit by politicalturmoil, it has embarked on anti-corruption, transparency,infrastructural investment, agricultural revival, health, and privatesector reforms that might elevate its economy. Mexico and Brazil havebeen in a slowing phase hit by international monetary policy andinflation. However, they have focused on developing internationalfinancial markets (such as travel and tourism) and structural reformsthat will see developments in its economy. Just like Mexico andBrazil, South Africa has been hit by structural bottlenecks. However,a high-skilled labor force, improved technology and ample naturalresources endorse South Africa as a prospective country.

Inconclusion, it is worth noting that this course has enabled meacquire relevant knowledge and understanding of basic conceptualvocabularies, states, nations, diverse models of political economy,as well as democratic and non-democratic regimes. Therefore, it wassignificantly worth my semester.

References

O’Neil,P. H., &amp Fields, K. (2010). Case in comparative politics.

Comparative Politics

COMPARATIVE POLITICS 2

ComparativePolitics

ComparativePolitics

Thereason France took so long to establish a stable democracy is thereality that France has had since the revolution that commenced in1798 a total of eleven regimes (Hauss, 2014, p. 110). ComparingFrance to Great Britain that is a definite model of a democraticcountry that that evolved relatively smoothly over the centuries. Theeleven regimes is a clear illustration of a tedious path to nationbuilding, however this is common although long and wrenchingprocess. United States and Great Britain both have a common featureof one regime over the same period. General De Gaulle endeavor was tohave an independent France free from United States and Great Britaininfluence. This had him institute changes in the country institutionsin order to realize milestones like acquiring nuclear arsenal withoutUnited States assistance. The creation of a strong French militarythat is capable of protecting France without NATO assistance thatcomprises of navy forces, air forces, and land forces. All thesenecessitated changes that turned the social order by providing to theFrench citizens a nationalistic purpose consequently united them inone political agenda. The two harnessed together contributed to avibrant industry that resulted in high economic processes, whichcreated an efficient industrial state.

Theinfluential French elites controlled the media and education sector,therefore they ascertained that the French model and values weretold to the ordinary French people as superior to the British andAmerican models. The impact was students who were not taught how toquestion facts but only to learn them. This is because the elitesfeared losing control for they make the civil society possible,however they slow down even merely things frequently making progressforward impossible. They stalled France steady progress by marringthe bureaucratic system in many runs around without having any realwork done. The character of France as a nation is not clear becauseher foreign policy states the intention to preserve nationalidentity, however this creates problems with European Union. In thecurrent globalization how to effectively manage a country, an economywithout interlinking with the rest of the world is rather difficult,therefore the strong nationalistic rhetoric will lack the economicstrength to effect. This will create an inconsistency that is notgood for character building.

References

HaussC. (2014). ComparativePolitics: Domestic Responses to Global Challenges.Stamford. Cengage Learning.