Thesuccess of Japan can be traced to a number of factors. For instance,after massive WW2 destruction, the country was reconstructed usingmodern building techniques coupled with improved technology, unlikeother countries which relied on outdated development. Additionally,it received substantial aid from allied nations which helped recoverits economy. Furthermore, it adopted mass production approach simplemethods of producing large amount of similar goods. Besides that,Japan has incorporated effective ethics in its operation, promoted bydedicated and high-skilled manpower. Developing countries can learnJapan’s approach to better their economies.
The13 cases can be classified into 1st,2ndand 3rdworld of development. United Kingdom, United States, Germany, Russia,Japan and France are 1stworld, China, India, Iran the 2ndworld, while Brazil, Mexico, South Africa and Nigeria entail the 3rdworld nations. This classification is based on the level of economicdevelopment, with the 1st,2ndand 3rdworld nations comprising the highest, higher and the less developed.
CommunistDevelopment in Russia and China
Withregard to communist development Russia and China feature a weak ruleof law which can be attributed to the instrumental approach to law bytheir cultures. In contrast, while China advocated for marketsocialism, Russian was championed for a free market which wascharacterized with the western imperialism. Furthermore, Russia’sadopted a policy on privatization as china stuck on its communalmarket system with the government retaining a monopoly of politicalpower.
StateControl of Citizens’ Life
Thetable on page 396 indicates how the compared nations are ranked basedon hoe they control their citizens’ lives. While some nations placestringent checks and balances on their citizens’ life endeavors,some place less strict controls. For instance, China and Russia areranked low because they are communist states.
Theauthors of this textbook are much correct in selecting the 13 casestudies. From my point of view, these countries were selected becausethey feature a relatively consistent organization which provides abetter basis for their comparison and understanding of comparativepolitics. Furthermore, the selected countries featured major trendingthemes in comparative politics, such as pollution in China, recentriots against government in England, among other significant issues.
Justificationof the Selection
Asfar as geographical location of these countries is concerned, SouthAfrica, Nigeria, Iran, and India are at a great advantage becausethey have favorable climate and rich and untapped natural resources.In contrast, Japan, UK, US, Brazil, Mexico, Germany, Russia andFrance are at a disadvantage because they are situated indisaster-prone and overexploited grounds.
Prospectsof Nigeria, South Africa, Brazil and Mexico
Nigeriais the most populous country in Africa. Although hit by politicalturmoil, it has embarked on anti-corruption, transparency,infrastructural investment, agricultural revival, health, and privatesector reforms that might elevate its economy. Mexico and Brazil havebeen in a slowing phase hit by international monetary policy andinflation. However, they have focused on developing internationalfinancial markets (such as travel and tourism) and structural reformsthat will see developments in its economy. Just like Mexico andBrazil, South Africa has been hit by structural bottlenecks. However,a high-skilled labor force, improved technology and ample naturalresources endorse South Africa as a prospective country.
Inconclusion, it is worth noting that this course has enabled meacquire relevant knowledge and understanding of basic conceptualvocabularies, states, nations, diverse models of political economy,as well as democratic and non-democratic regimes. Therefore, it wassignificantly worth my semester.
O’Neil,P. H., & Fields, K. (2010). Case in comparative politics.