Critical Thinking Assignment Student`s

CriticalThinking Assignment

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Question1

Advertisementis meant to bring any business many benefits including profit thatcome as a result of publicity. However, sometimes theseadvertisements are sensationalized to cause a controversy in a bid tocatch the attention of the public. One advertisement that had falseauthority on it was by Peabody Energy where it implied ‘Clean Coal’was the solution to the “poverty-energy”. The advertisement wasfound to be misleading, thus false authority. Subsequently, it wasbanned by the UK’s Advertising Standards Authority (ASA). AdHominem is another fallacy that often accompanies advertisement aswas the case in 2002. In this year, an advertisement depictingEnglish footballer, David Beckham as one who could not correctlyspell the word “DVD” was banned. In both of these advertisements,the fallacy was not effective because people know coal is not thebest energy solution. Similarly, many football lovers in Englandidolized Beckham meaning any insult-like approach would bedetrimental to the business owner.

Question2

Thedrug-use menace in the United States is not as exaggerated as iserroneously often thought to be. The personal opinion is that theargument does not use deceptive statistics because these figuresoften reconcile with others released by other independent bodies.Concerning the argument of a different approach on drug-users, it isimperative to embrace the suggestions. The US is grappling with otherissues, all of which require a considerable amount of resources, thusthe need to employ a different tactic. Overall, the argument ispersuasive enough because of the credibility of the information. Inmy current position, statistics are sometimes used in improving theservices of the citizens in many areas including the healthcare. Forinstance, in 2011, it was reported that the number of people aged 85and above will increase by 350% in 2050 (Weiner, 2011). Suchstatistics help in planning for the future challenges in this area.

Question3

Scienceand pseudoscience have completely opposing variables with the latterrelying on vague ideas that are not subject to review unlike theformer which is open to criticism. Sadly, many people tend tobelieve pseudoscience more. Some of the reasons for this rather oddcharacter is the appeal pseudoscience creates. Additionally, beliefs-be religious or cultural- catalyses the popularity of pseudoscience. Science demands analysis, criticism and verification of claims unlikepseudoscience, but people have limits when it comes to researching onsome topics. Some pseudoscience claims include people claiming tohave got pregnant with an Unknown Flying Object (UFO). Anotherentails people claiming to have met their deities. None of these havescientific backing, thus classified as pseudoscience. This week’smaterials have changed my thinking in the sense that every claimought to be backed up by concrete evidence. Secondly, belief shouldbe preceded by proof not the other way round.

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References

Wiener,J. (2011). Population ageing in the United States of America:implications for public

programmes.InternationalJournal of Epidemiology,31(4),776-781.