At the beginning of the Scene 1, we are made to recognize thatMacbeth is a great warrior who has already fatefully impaled atraitor’s head upon a pole. The nature of his evil is perhaps inhis impetuousness, his vision, and malleability. The three witchesare influencing Macbeth to behave strangely. One recognizes thesatanic spirit in Macbeth as a personal willfulness, to adequatelydepict him in relation to his role. This takes us to our focal point:How evil spirits intrudes into women, and dictate the Macbeth’sdirection. Shakespeare maintains him as a well-respected noblemanwhose self-betrayal lands him into something satanic. QuotingMacbeth, “No man born of women will kill you, and you will not dieuntil Birnam Wood comes to Dunsinane.” This statement is ironicalsince it is hard to understand how an evil man would trust somethingthat he always knows is evil.
Macbeth was too ambitious in doing evil. Women are depicted as themovers of Macbeth to evil. In entertaining the death of Duncan,Macbeth ponders over the chance of becoming the king. He is not readyto take what he has just heard from the King’s mouth that Malcolm,Duncan’s elder son, is going to take the throne. The news shouldnot be dreadful to Macbeth since he pretends to be “humble.” Buthe cannot let this lying down. Within him, Macbeth declares, “Forin my way it lies.” Then, he calls the darkness to take charge butnot the light. “ Let …..The eye wink at hand.” He add, “Yetthat be/Which the eye fears, when it is done, to see” ( BurtonRaffel, p. 35).
Citing Polanski’s treatment of the killing of Duncan, Johnstonindicates that Macbeth ends in his room with a dagger in his hand. Inhis conscience, he cannot resist the evil imaginations since he isalready part of this evil. Before the executing final move, Duncanmanages to awaken but out of Macbeth’s passion for wicknedness, hefeels that he is not able to turn away from this murder. Thiswickedness does not end subsequent killings land him into acomplicated case against superstitions since the witches respond tothe satanic desires that are already within him.
While it appears that Lady Macbeth is no longer in her mind in thesecond half of the play, Macbeth looks like he has a divided mind.However, this does not prevent him from carrying out his schemes. Werecall that Macbeth was commended at the beginning for splittingsomeone from the chin to the umbilicus. Maybe, the nature or thecause does not apply ones the killing has become a lifestyle.Critically, once Macbeth murdered for the king, it did not bother himseeing that he went ahead to kill a king himself. According toRothwell (A History of Shakespeare on Screen, 2004), “manyare the times soldiers has returned to their mother country and failto compartmentalize the killings.” However, this cannot happen toMacbeth. Using his intelligence, he feels ready to face theconsequences of killing Duncan.
In Act III, Scene 2 of the Macbeth’s movie, we realize that Macbethis incharge of the preceeding death. He will take an active role,different from the first death where Lady Macbeth was in the command.Macbeth statement creates suspense in audience. He recalls his lady’sword “to beguile the time, look like the time” (pg. 227). At thesame time, Macbeth unites with spirits, of darkness, “come, seelingnight……..come thick night.” In the Roman Polanski’s film,Lady Macbeth has lost domineering aspects of a wife. She cannotconnect what she is saying with different events. For instance, “Outdamned spot” follows “the thane of Fife had a wife.” At thispoint, she is referring to Lady Macduff. The translation of Macbethis odd. In the worldliness presentation of the witches, weird sistersare rendered stranger by their nakedness and ugliness. One has sanseye the other appears older than the first, and haggard.
Macbeth is diabolical in his madness. Lady Macbeth is determined tosee that he has the vim to any project. She worries that he is “toofull o’ the milk of human kindness” (p. 34-36). She is certainabout Duncan’s death. She declares, “The raven…….is hoarse/that croaks the fatal entrance of Duncan/ under my battlements”(36-38). His wife prompting Macbeth in evilness, and fully in hisconscience, he opted to kill the kill so that he may become the kingand guard his position. By quoting him, “Were this the end all andall here….” It indicates that he knew even before killing thathis plans would not end with the death of Duncan. To extend hiscruelty, he assigned thugs to murder his friend Banquo and his sonFleance, “who would beget kings.” Lady Macbeth appeals to gods tounsex her by transforming her into a satanic spirit. Thistransformation would enable her to behave unconscionably.
The ghost figures and the witches in Macbeth can are conventional.They indicate what is present in the subconscious of thesecharacters. Several signs indicate that the atmosphere has some evilspirits. Signs here mean symbols that are applied in representingsomething. For instance: In Macbeth, Act IV, scene I (Shakespeare,236).
Outwardly, the ghosts and witches in Macbeth are representinginternal ideas, beliefs, motives and desires. In Macbeth, Act IV,scene ii (Shakespeare, 389).
LADY MACDUFF. What had he done, to make him fly theland?
ROSS. You must have patience, madam.
LADY MACDUFF. He had none:
His flight was madness. When our actions do not,
Our fears do make us traitors.
Despite Macbeth being labeled as insane, his ambitions are led bythe supernatural powers of the witches a manifestation of what faithand fear in women can affect the outcomes of our lives. In fact,Macbeth believed in his woman so much that he did her bidding evenwhen he understood better. It would be strange for a nobleman, whosemarriage was working despite the shortfalls in the couple, finding iteasy to depend on the prophesies of the witches: the devil’sdaughters. In fact, Macbeth was enthralled by the witches in amanner that Banquo was not. It raises the question of whether Banquowas not responding the same way Macbeth was responding to thementioned predictions by the witches. This play neither revealsBanquo loyalty to Macbeth nor indications of following McDuff andDuncan’s son who fled. Apparently, it would be impossible todetermine the decision that Banquo would prefer since Macbeth had himkilled.
Shakespeare indulges fear into the audience by presenting bubblingcauldrons, spells, incantations, and Hecate, the evil moon goddess,to control newt eyes, frog toes and the fingers of a murdered child.Through lyrical and witchy songs, these phenomena link Macbeth’sfuture with dismal images that presage his slides into numerousoffenses.
We realize that Lennox reports that the past night occupied strangescreams of death and prophesies in terrible accent before theMacduff’s morning arrival. His comment on the “obscure bird” isan illusion to the fact that the owl is linked with the witcheswhereby it serves at the messenger during the actual performance ofthe witchcraft. Macbeth’s dirty dealings confute with the fearfulstate of the earth. The witchery schemes portray Macbeth as a raptcontemplation of a dump show, a string of the future events. Thebloody scene involving infant phantom stirs audiences’ fear of theshadowy netherworld.
With the witches’ violation on humans in Scene 1, Shakespeareutilizes Macbeth to demonstrate the impacts of chaos and sins. WhenMacbeth realizes what is awaiting him and Banquo, this drives him tobelieve that he has the power to shape the history, as well as theirdestiny. However, the duo learns their destiny in Act 1, scene iii.As Duncan restores order after the challenge, he presents the titleto Macbeth that for a while belonged to Cawdor, the traitor The newlycrowned Thane of Cawdor, Macbeth, reignites monstrous rush towardsthe regicide, a more grave betrayal than his predecessor indicated.
Disloyalty and violence occur in the motion of a cascade of evil bywhich Macbeth dooms his kingship and his life. Motivated by his wife,he killed his king, a man who deserved honorary recognition in theentire region. In order to rid himself of the witnesses, Macbethensured that Duncan’s death must be followed by other killings. Infact, he planned to exonerate the lineage of Banquo and Fleance, whowere prophesied to beget Scottish kings. To ensure a bolder growth inhis tyranny, Macbeth attains the height of savagery in the assault onfire, whereby Macduff’s wife and sons predict no threat to theirvirtuousness.
In attempts to bring order to Scotland, Malcolm, the legal heir,lives in London. From here, he appoints Macduff, the wronged husband,and father and indicates that he is the right person to end thebloody leadership of a regicide. In Macbeth, Act IV, scene iii(Shakespeare, 408).
MALCOLM. Be this the whetstone of your sword. Letgrief
Convert to anger blunt not the heart, enrage it.
MACDUFF. O, I could play the woman with mine eyes,
And braggart with my tongue! But, gentle heavens,
Cut short all intermission front to front
Bring thou this fiend of Scotland and myself
Within my sword’s length set him. If he ’scape
Heaven forgive him too!
Along a worthy band of loyalists, the English-backed forces march onDunsinane. A different kind of order is depicted at the point wherethese forces are camouflaging themselves with branches. This scenariofulfills another form of witches’ prophesies. An irrevocable orderemerges at the play’s resolution. It seems right to Macbeth to losehis crazed wife, who motivated him to murder, and then face Macduff,the only survivor of the entire family for some reconciliations. Itis ironical that orders are made at the end after Macbeth’s head isseparated from his body. On friends who went to exile due as a resultof regime, Malcolm reckons, “Which would be planted newly with thetime,..”As calling home our exiled friend abroad…who fled thesnares of watchful tyranny” (p, 211). Consequently, the hailing ofMalcolm as the king leads to the return of exiles, the end of thetyranny.
Burton, Raffel. The Annotated Shakespeare.New York:Potter 1978. Print.