Ethicsand Professional Issues
Ethicsand Professional Issues
Componentsof the Theoretical Perspectives on Assessment and Diagnosis
First,there is behavioral component which is mostly considered asproblem-solving process for addressing the problem behavior arisingfrom students (Corey etal.,2014). This component depends on a number of techniques andstrategies to assist in identification of specific behavior. Thiscomponent focuses beyond the behavior and is keen on environmentalfactors as well as other related components such as affective andspecific behaviors. Ultimately, broader understanding behind certainspecific behaviors of the student is offered.
Thesecond component is the cognitive. In this component, there isdevelopment of an integrated psycho-educational measurement whichhelps researchers examine the ability of students in mastery ofcertain skills (Corey etal.,2014). This component tests on the ability to comprehend and solve aproblem.
Argumentsfor and against Diagnosis
Thereare arguments advanced in support of diagnosis. First, diagnosisprovides a clear definition of a problem which is essential in for afocused treatment (Corey etal.,2014). Moreover, diagnosis helps in differentiation of problems henceworkers are able to appropriately screen for problems and manage thesafety of clients.
Thereare arguments against diagnosis that have been advanced over a periodand can be referred to as “anti-nosological bias” (Corey etal.,2014). First, it is purported that mental health problems are notdiseases therefore they are not recognized as entities. Additionally,diagnosis is considered to be exogenous and driven by expert ratherthan by the client. Additionally, the categories of diagnosisminimize uniqueness of each client. Lastly, diagnosis tends to focusmore on signs and symptoms and tend to ignore capacity to self-heal(Corey etal.,2014).
Ethicaland Legal Issues
Indiagnosis, the individuals only use the information for the soleintention which is clear to both parties and hence confidentiality iscritical. Additionally, labeling is a big issue as the consequencesare often dire. The labeling of patients with certain specificillness causes stigmatization (Corey etal.,2014).
Behavioralperspective in my view is the best as it is broad and covers morethan just behavior. It integrates the affective as well asphysiological components. I would encourage its use especially withstudents in understanding problem-solving. Cognitive perspective ismuch detailed and requires the expertise and skills. It tests thebrain ability in comprehension of issues in the society.
Ethicalresponsibility of the therapist when working with clients whoseculture is unfamiliar is to ensure utmost respect as cultural normsand practices are different (Corey etal.,2014). The therapist should avoid favoritism and biasness as much aspossible. Additionally, they should ensure that in no manner theyshow prejudice and discrimination (Corey etal.,2014).
Corey,G., Corey, M., Corey, C., & Callanan, P. (2014). Issues andEthics in the Helping Professions with 2014 ACA Codes. CengageLearning.