ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION 5
Evaluationof Pollution Control Policies in U.S
Thepaper focuses on designing regulatory policy used to solve nonpointsource (NPS) water pollution problems. There are several cost-sharingprograms that have dominated nonpoint source policy for couple ofyears though neither of them is proven to be efficient nor effective.TheEnvironmental Policy Act (EPA) under the Pollution Prevention Act (P2Act) that was formed back in 1990 has taken self-evaluation of itsinitiative to incorporate pollution policy within environmentalprograms, which include all sorts of toxics, air, the hazardous wasteand water that greatly affect Ohio’s citizens.
PolicyGoal & Stakeholders
Thegoal for this project is to develop efficientand effective policies for the regulation and management ofpollution. The project through its recommendations is identifying theinefficiencies and gaps in the formulation process of the policies.This project is also to demonstrate the roles and operatingenvironments of various stakeholders, such as the government agenciesand non-governmental organizations. Among the stakeholders of thisproject are the Ohio State Government, National Oceanicand Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the Environmental ProtectionAgency and the public for whose interest this project is developed.
Alternativesand Evaluation Criteria
Informationon the existing policies will be obtained through text analysis ofthe EnvironmentalPolicy Act (EPA) under the Pollution Prevention Act (P2 Act).Information will also be acquired from various agencies operatingwithin pollition management courses. A tabular representation of thesolid waste management programme in the United States will laso beadopted to help demonstrate the trends in managing pollution between1960 and 2005. The representation will be in the format shown below.
Inbeach water quality, Ohio is ranked the thirtieth out of the thirtystates. In the year 2013, Ohio gave a report on 63 coastal beaches,out of which 60 were monitored. Of all the beach samples monitored,35 percent exceeded the BAV of the bacteria (E. coli) colony formingunits per 100ml freshwater in a single sample. The beaches having thehighest rates of BAV exceedance in 2013 included Lakeview Beach(76%), Bay View West (70%), Whites Landing (62%), Clarkwood beach(61%), EdgecliffBeach(61%)and Sims beach (61%).
Recommendation& Implementation Approach
Theresults obtained from the analysis will be used in developingappropriate recommendations. This will clearly and comprehensively bepresented in the final report. The report will specify the roles tobe played by the agencies and the organizations and the mechanismsthrough which the successfully implementation of the proposedpolicies can be enforced. Thereis a need to determine the role of government agencies in themanagement of pollution in the states. Pollution is a very key issuethat requires prompt action.
Theresearch evaluates thepreventive measures that Environmental Policy Agency has set on thepollution prevention that integrates other federal agencies with onemission to eliminate pollution within the localities and with thehelp of P2 Act that directs EPA to consider the effects of theproposed programs, evaluation aims to reduce pollution within thestate of Ohio.The results of this paper will highlight the disconnection betweenthe formulated policies and the pollution management requirements.
Novotný,V. (2003). Waterquality: Diffuse pollution and watershed management.Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.