Manycountries world over have different expectations for the role ofwomen and men in the society. Most societies perceive men asbreadwinners for their families while the women are responsible fortaking care of the children and home. While this may be the case, thereality is that gender roles depend on how people are raised inaccordance with their cultures. With this in mind, we need to addressthe question “Is FeudalismGender Inequality which is a major theme in the book Persepolis,dependent on howindividuals are raised accordance to their cultures?”
The main challenge today beingfaced by many countries world over is the issue of human rights. Manycases have been reported especially in the Middle Eastern countries,whose majority of the population are Muslims (Acker496). Complaints ofinhumane treatment especially on women and children have been allover the news. Despite, the World leaders having several talks withan aim of resolving these conflicts, there has been nothing to smileabout. It is evident that there is inequality in how women aretreated in the Middle East but then again it all narrows down toculture. Women are torn in between fighting for their rights as laiddown in the constitution or obeying the culture that they adoptedfrom their ancestors (Acker552).
Research reveals that long agoPersian women had the same rights as men. They were able to own andinherit properties and even retain the same during their marriage.Since women had the ability to seer children, they were considered asthe most important people in the society and so they were accordedseveral rights and freedoms. “Basedon historical facts the widowed wife inherited from the deceased evenif she did not have children.”(Lombardo 87). A woman had the privilege to act as a party to acontract by virtue of having her own seal but could not be a party tothe drafting of contracts. Over the years, however, these powers thatIranian women had have lessened and therefore worsening the case ofgender inequality.
Thebook Persepolistalksa lot of the gender problems that the women faced after theintroduction of Islamic law. “Theyinsulted me. They said that women like me should be pushed up againsta wall and fucked. And then thrown in the garbage….And that if Ididn`t want that to happen, I should wear the veil…”(Satrapi, 74) This occurs after the change in the government system.Maryjane’s mother is assaulted by some rowdy men because she hasnot worn the hijab, which Muslims consider as a ‘conservativedress’. The Islamic regime that took power after the revolution of1979 depicts itself as misogynistic. They do not take heed of genderinequality. The new regime has found a way to deprive the poor womenof their individuality they no longer have an identity.
Women in this book are treatedvery differently because gender expectations play a major role. Marjiis very much affected due to these new Islamic laws since she is agirl. Since the tender age of ten she was obligated to wear a veil inand outside of school, and she was not used to it. Marji was opposedto this new regime as can be seen in this quote.“For a revolution to succeed, the entire population must supportit.” (Satrapi, 17)Here Marji argues that his parents should allow her to attend theprotests, but they do not allow her since the Shah is taking strictmeasures against the protestors.
The law required that every womanhad to dress decently by wearing the veil at all times, failure towhich there was a very serious punishment. AS Marji grew older shebegan to understand the reason as to why Islamic women had to wearthe veil. “In notime, the way people dressed became an ideological sign. There weretwo kinds of women the fundamentalist and the modern woman.”(Satrapi, 28) Marji always dressed as the modern woman because of herdislike for the fundamental woman. Another reason was that her familywas modern a reason as to why her family was always against theseIslamic laws.
There has been a lot of conflictby feminists due to the way men and women are treated. Just as in thebook Persepoliswhere some women such as Marji’s mom gained bravery to go to thestreets and fight for their rights, so do the women of today. WhatMarji’s mom was trying to teach her child is that she and otherwomen should be able to fight for her rights. The parents alwaystreated Marji as a young girl, whom they expected always to be modestand respectful. From this analysis, it is clear that gender rolesdepend on how men and women are treated in their families and also bywhat the society expects them to do. It would have been verydifferent if Marji were a boy as she would have been strong, and shewould not have to worry about protesting for her rights.
Acker, J. "InequalityRegimes: Gender, Class, And Race In Organizations."Gender & Society: 441-641. Print.
Lombardo, Emanuela. "GenderInequality in Politics." InternationalFeminist Journal of Politics: 78-96. Print.
"ONTHE MOVE TO EQUALITY"ITUC LAUNCHES NEW ARAB TRADE UNION WOMEN`S NETWORK." States NewsService 8 Mar. 2011. Print.
Satrapi, Marjane. Persepolis.New York, NY: Pantheon, 2003. Print.
April 15, 2015
Find attached my “Writer’sMemo” that gives a brief detail about the Research paper I havecompleted. I focused on FeudalismGender Inequality, which is one of the major themes inMarjane’s bookPersepolis. Myfavorite aspect of my paper is the drive that women have in fightingfor their rights. Women in today’s society should also embrace thisattitude so that they can at least be at par with their malecounterparts. My writing goal for this paper is to be able to provewhether gender inequality is dependent on howindividuals are raised accordance to their cultures. Through theresearch I conducted, I was able to prove this thesis. My strengthsof the paper are that it is well researched and it has followed allthe MLA style of writing. I had some trouble gathering data that isrelated to this theme but I managed to come across some peer reviewedjournals that proved to be of much assistance.