FINAL POLICY ANALYSIS 8
Policyanalysis helps define a certain challenge or problem and theprocedure of applying policies that help in the achievement of thelaid down goals in curbing the problem (Dunn, 2003). Policy analysisis key in the examination of the arguments and analysis of theimplementation process of the policies. This paper focuses on thestate of the world. The state of the world is a matter of publicconcern because of the various aspects under which the variousgovernments have failed in. The various issues of concern includehuman conditions, development and debt, toxic pollution, weapons, andwealth accumulation. The recommendations to counter the above issuesinclude change of way of governance, regional and local climateinitiatives, reinforcing the importance of eco-system, the rise ofworker-owned firms, and a call to engagement of the citizens in themanagement of the affairs involving them.
Thecurrent state of the world is not at the best for the ordinarycitizens. The fact that there is a desire to change the current stateof the world is a clear indicator that it is a matter of publicconcern. The current situation does not suit the ordinary citizens inthe best way and thus the need for changes in various sectorsconcerning the wellbeing of the citizens. The main concerns of thestate of the world revolve around the human conditions, toxicpollution, weapons, development and debt, and accumulation of wealth.There is a need to review the state of the world that touches on theabove issues to improve the state of the world for the wellbeing ofthe citizens.
Thegovernment has taken up various measures in the need to improve thestate of the world. The undertaking of the measures should be inconjunction with the citizens if success is to be realized inchanging the state of the world. The government should undertakesteps that consist of policy choice, policy implementation, andassessment of the policies. The three steps should move in order forthe policies to work. There is need for government intervention inthe correcting the issues revolving around the current state of theworld (Ban, 2008). This is because the government has the capabilityto empower the country with the necessary resources to counter theproblems associated with the state of the world. For instance, thegovernment can set up funds to help improve the living conditions ofits citizens and to curb the rise of weapons being in the wronghands.
Themain attributing factor in the current state of the world lies mainlyon the negligence on the role of government (State of the World,2014). For example, the government of the U.S. has not been able topass meaningful laws on the climate issues. There is also lack ofmeasures to come up with programs on wealth accumulation anddevelopment. The government has also failed in curbing the issue ofweapons being on the wrong hands. The ordinary citizens have alsocontributed to the problem of the current state of the world. Theyhave left the government with the whole responsibility of dealingwith the issues affecting the state of the world. The absence of thecitizens’ input and concern in the management of the affairsrevolving around the state of the world has also driven the issues tohigh levels they are currently at (Rump, 1996).
Fromthe issues concerning the state of the world, it is apparent thatthere is a need for coming up with policies that help ease thechallenges of the current state of the world. The challenges of thestate of the world revolve around various issues and the policiesapplied are unique depending on the particular challenge beingaddressed. The policies however used revolve around governmentintervention. The government needs to be more responsible in itspolitical and economic governance. There is also need for thegovernment to change in its approach in addressing the challenges inthe state of the world.
Therecould be additional policies to rectify the state of the world. Theefforts of non-governmental organizations and citizens can also helpa great deal in the need to improve the state of the world(UN-Habitat, 2012). The citizens should assess their ability togovern for sustainability. This is mainly possible through thecitizens’ identification of obstacles and opportunities key ineffecting changes in the halls of government and thus helps solvechallenges of the current state of the world. The non-governmentalorganizations can also chip in their opinions in rectifying the stateof the world by voicing out views on how to solve the issues formingchallenges for the state of the world.
Thepolicies initiated to curb the challenges facing the state of theworld should be evaluated to view their effectiveness and worthinessin addressing the challenges of the state of the world. This processof evaluation helps in assessing whether the policy worked for thebest in addressing the challenge and thus identify whether there is aneed for changing part of the policy or the whole policy (Dunn,2003). Efficiency, political, and cost of the policy options are keyin the evaluation of the policies applied in addressing challenges ofthe state of the world. It is important to evaluate the efficiency ofthe policy applied to ascertain whether it was able to solve thespecific problem as it was intended. The cost of the policy option isalso key in identifying whether the policy option is affordable. Thepolicy option should equally be politically acceptable. It istherefore key to evaluate the policy options to ascertain whether itis politically acceptable.
Theefficiency criterion should be optimized in the analysis of thepolicy options set to address the challenges of the state of theworld. This is because a policy option can only work for the best inthe situation where it is efficient in its application. Efficiencyalso helps measure the ability of the policy option to address thechallenges. Besides that, the other criteria applied revolve aroundefficiency. The issue discussed in this paper is about the state ofthe world. There are various policy options for curbing thechallenges bearing in mind the various issues forming challenges forthe state of the world. The formal methods of measuring theefficiency of the policy option, for instance the policy optionintended in improving human conditions, include measuring the numberof new school registrations, life expectancy, and human population.This helps in identifying whether the policy options applied workedwell in solving the issue.
Assessmentof policy options
Thepolicy options incorporated to address the challenges of the state ofthe world present advantages and disadvantages to the policy makers.For the policy options to be effective, it is important to identifythe advantages and disadvantages of the policy option by assessing itaccording to the evaluative criteria. The policy options inaddressing the challenges in the state of the world includegovernment intervention, the involvement of citizens in thegovernance of affairs, and the impact of non-governmentalorganizations (Rump, 1996). The government intervention will help inthe curbing of the problems of the state of the world because it hasthe resources and financial ability to meet the cost demand of thepolicies to be put in place. Government intervention may fail as apolicy because of the political influence which may affect theimplantation of the policies negatively.
Theinvolvement of citizens in the governance of affairs helps inensuring that the policies are efficient in curbing the challenges ofstate of the world. The involvement of the citizens also reduces thepolitical influence and thus helping in the attainment of the goalsintended by the particular policy. However, the citizens may lack theability to meet the cost for the policies intended to curb the stateof the world and thus involvement of citizens in the governance ofaffairs failing as a policy option. The impact of thenon-governmental organizations can be advantageous in that it has thefinances to meet the cost of the various policies in place to curbthe issue. Because the non-governmental bodies should work hand inhand with the government, some of the policies they come up withcould be politically unacceptable by the government thus causing afailure in the attainment of the goals of the various policies inplace.
Thepolicy action applied in addressing the challenges of the state ofthe world should be able to solve the challenges in the mostappropriate way. The combination of government intervention,involvement of citizens, and non-governmental organizations work forthe best in addressing the challenges of the state of the world. Thecombination of the three policy actions will be critical inaddressing the challenges efficiently, in a cost effective manner,and a in a politically acceptable way. The best policy however, wouldbe government intervention because it maximizes on the criteria ofefficiency and cost which are critical in curbing the challenges inthe state of the world.
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Dunn,W (2003). PublicPolicy Analysis: An Introduction.New York: Prentice Hall.
Rump,P. (1996). Stateof the environment reporting: Sourcebook of methods and approaches.Nairobi: UNEP.
Stateof the World. (2014). Governingfor sustainability. Washington:Island Press
UN-Habitat.(2012). State of the world’s cities 2012/2013. UN-Habitat.