Theoriesapplied to friendship

  • Erikson’s theory

  • Freud’s theory

  • Dialectical theory

  • Aristotle’s thoughts

Referencesused in development of the paper

  • Haas, S. et al. (2010) Health and the Structure of Adolescent Social Networks. Journal of Health and Social Behavior 4(51). 424-439 DOI 10.1177/0022146510386791: this source was used to provide an understanding of the influence of health in the development of friendship and social networks amongst the youth.

  • Cornwell, Y., &amp Waite, L. (2009).&nbspSocial Disconnectedness, Perceived Isolation and Health among Older Adults: Journal of Health and Social Behavior.: this source is critical in its discussion of various theories and their application to friendship. This source will be used to explain the role of health in the existent disconnectedness socially amongst older persons.

  • Rawlins, W. K. (1998). Writing about friendship matters: A case study in dialectical and dialogical inquiry. In B. Montgomery &amp L. Baxter (Eds.),Dialectical approaches to studying personal :

  • Flora, C. (2013).&nbspFriendfluence the Hidden Ways in Which s Shape Our Characters and Life Chances from Infancy to Old Age.&nbspLondon: Short Books relationships (pp. 63-82). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.: this source provides a deeper insight into how social connectedness shapes the character of an individual as well as opportunities from when they were children al the way to adulthood.

  • Duck, S. (1973). Personal Relationships and Personal Constructs: A Study of Formation London: John Wiley &amp Sons. : this is a study of ways in which people form friendships as well as ways in which various school of thought can be applied to the formation of friendship.


Therehas been a lot of research that has looked into the role that socialnetworks play in the promotion of health as they provide socialsupport. However, there has so far been minimal work examining howsocial networks could be structured by health. The article looks intothe connection existent between the health of individuals and theirposition in social networks. Amongst the findings is that there arecritical relationships between the health status of adolescents aswell as the characteristics of the social network position whereinthey are embedded (Haas, 2010). As such, it is found that youth thatare in poor health develop smaller local networks while occupyinglesser positions in comparison to their healthy peers.


TheErikson theory provides a lucid perspective into friendship that isspecifically relatable to youth tendencies in their social constructsand specifically, friendship. It is evident that the youth are risktakers and as such, they experiment a lot with various social skillsand strategies. A good example is a girl trying to be distant andaloof when she is around boys whose attention she intends to get.Youth also observe adults and peers that they admire so as to enhanceand develop their social skills.


Freudcreated an extensive theory in personality that is primarily composedof interplay of psychic incidents and structures in the psychosexualstages of development. The issue of friendship, especially inchildren can be analyzed in this theory particularly in children thatexperience anxiety around company and therefore unable to makefriends. The theory can be used to get to the bottom of underlyingcauses of anxiety amongst young children. This is critical in a bidto reduce the symptoms that the child is presenting while alsouncovering the underlying memories and thoughts causing anxiety thatcould be repressed.

Accordingto the dialectical theory, friendship hold a unique position in thecommunity as it varies to all other forms of relationships. Itneither is not exactly a blood relationship nor is it driven bycontracts like work ties. It differs from marriage and has no legaldefinition. It has no formal status in the society. It roles aretranscend all formally established roles and it realizes bothpersonal and social needs (Cornwell&amp Waite, 2009).It is by interacting with friends that children learn how to solvevarious issues, how to communicate among other vital social skills.Further, their thinking ability is developed during the varioussituations they face in the friendships. Negotiation skills are alsoadvanced in these relationships. Finally, friends influence thechild’s attitude towards school and affect their performancepositively.

Aristotle’sthoughts can also be applied to friendship in the sense that virtuousfriends mutually enhance and develop their moral experiences. Asfriends stay together they become more conscious to the moralexcellence of others. It is a mirror like sort of relationship inwhich the other could see themselves (Flora,2013). Therefore, one loves the other for their sake as opposed to whatthey can offer or what they are subsequently, they put the interestsof the other before their own. In addition, one can see ways inwhich they vary from each other therefore, they know themselves aswell as their friends. Conclusively, therefore, the moral excellencein friendship entails a specific level of expression and developmentof the selfless emotions of concern, sympathy and care.


Haas,S. et al. (2010) Health and the Structure of Adolescent SocialNetworks. Journal of Health and Social Behavior 4(51). 424-439 DOI10.1177/0022146510386791

Cornwell,Y., &amp Waite, L. (2009).&nbspSocialDisconnectedness, Perceived Isolation and Health among Older Adults:Journal of Health and Social Behavior.

Rawlins,W. K. (1998). Writing about friendship matters: A case study indialectical and dialogical inquiry. In B. Montgomery &amp L. Baxter(Eds.),Dialectical approaches to studying personal relationships (pp.63-82). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Flora,C. (2013).&nbspFriendfluencethe Hidden Ways in Which s Shape Our Characters and LifeChances from Infancy to Old Age.&nbspLondon:Short Books.

Duck,S. (1973). Personal Relationships and Personal Constructs: A Study of

Formation London: John Wiley &amp Sons.

Rawlins,W. K. (1992). matters: Communication, dialectics, and thelife

course.Hawthorne, NY: Aldine.