Globally,significant progress has been made in achieving gender equality, yetmassive discrimination against women still exists. Throughouthistory, the Afghan society has abided with customary laws in everyaspect of life that essentially make up the community structure. Thispaper aims to investigate consequences of bachaposh,an old tradition in Afghan society where women try to maintain thehonor of a family by raising girls as boys. The issue ismultidimensional and deeply embedded in the Afghanistan culturalsetting, thus considered a significant restraint of women rights inthe country. Ultimately, bachaposhhas negative consequences as demonstrated in the traumaticexperiences of women who have transformed back after undergoing thepractice. Thisstudy will document women experiences after bashposhand provide recommendation on how the lives of Afghan women and girlscan be improved.
Thisresearch will focus on the gender roles and stereotypes prevalent inAfghan society and their detrimental impact to emotional and physicalwell-being of women and girls in the country. In addition, the studywill analyze the strict social codes used to deny these women theirmost basic human rights. Additionally, this research study will alsohighlight some of the main causes of gender disparity, includingpatriarchal family settings, poverty, and lack of educationopportunities for women and so forth. A selected probability ofhouseholds’ samples and standardized questionnaires will be used toconduct the research. The sample will include ten adult women raisedas bachaposh. Thewomen will be interviewed to provide information concerning theirexperiences and present any difficulties they face aftertransformation where they had to change back to female clothes andprepare for marriage after reaching puberty. The participants willcome from regions of Kabul where bachaposhis widely practiced.
Asit has already been proven, gender inequality and basic women rightsviolations is prevalent in this region. A majority of people in thisregion know at least one woman who passed this custom. Taking maleidentity is beneficial in this patriarchal society to escape forcedmarriages or as a disguise to attain higher education. However, womenwho have undergone this practice suffer a psychological toll at theend after puberty. Besides, this study will reveal how some womenhave turned into rebels and refused to return to their normal livesas women, after bachaposh.Indeed, a majority of them finds it hard to revert and prefer toremain a man. Finally, the study seeks to emphasize on specialmeasures on economic, social and environment to improve thesituation, which would reduce the gender gap in this society. Anin-depth understanding of this practice is crucial and will help oneunderstand its impact on women raised as boys, and later expected toplay the role of a conservative and submissive Afghan woman. (Giddens36).
Inconclusion, gender inequality in Afghanistan is prevalent and mainlycreated by the patriarchal family setting. Thisstudy will reveal the traumatic experiences of transformation afterbachaposh.Without a doubt, negative consequences brought by this practice willbe highlighted, such as increased divorce rate when a bachaposhis unable to conform to the role of a typical Afghan woman. Itis recommended that strategies and programs should be implemented toimprove the lives of women in Afghanistan. More significantly, girl’seducation should be emphasized to empower women and bring CulturalRevolution on gender equality.
Giddens,Anthony. Essentialsof Sociology.New York, N.Y: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., 2015. Print.