Geography

GEOGRAPHY 1

Part I

Dong, NAi. (19 Mar.2015). Province may have overstepped with controversial project on Vietnam’s main river. Thanh Nien News. Retrieved from http://www.thanhniennews.com/society/province-may-have-overstepped-with- controversial-project-on-vietnams-main-river-40029.html

Dong Nai discussesthe environmental concerns over the current project on Vietnam’smajor river. Authorities have approved a property project, which isresulting in the filling of part of Vietnam’s river using rocks andsand. The project on Dong Nai River is anticipated to result in theconstruction of offices, malls, houses as well as a hotel. The issueis a matter of environmental concern because the river is a majorsource of water for many civilians in Vietnam. It provides water toalmost 20 million individuals. Experts warn that continuation withthe project will lead to massive erosions, in addition to causingalteration to water current and at the same time pollute the river.The project is a violation of laws aimed at protecting waterways, andsuch massive construction is only expected to result in moreenvironmental pollution ones the houses and offices have beenoccupied. Waste from the new homes, offices and mall may be releasedinto the water causing lasting water pollution.

Thuan, Binh. (23Apr. 2015). Vietnam orders coal power plant to reduce pollutionfollowing 30- hour protest. Thanh Nien News. Retrieved from http://www.thanhniennews.com/society/vietnam-orders-coal-power-plant-to-reduce- pollution-following-30hour-protest-42524.html

Thuan Binh highlights the widespread pollution arising fromoperations in a coal-fired factory. The factory releases dust andother emissions to the environment resulting in air pollution. Thisis due to the dumping of coal slag on its grounds, which is thenblown away into the neighboring homes. Since the factory is locatedclose to residential homes, civilians have complained of increasinghealth concerns because of inhalation of the contaminated air. Forinstance, residents claim that their children have been sufferingfrom illnesses such as pneumonia. Coal emissions to the environmentare a major cause of air pollution, which in turn causes illnesses tothose that inhale the air. The article notes that there is a need forthe factory to come up with better strategies of recycling the coalslag.

Luong, Ngoc. (7 Apr.2015). Vietnam dries up in the worst drought of the decade. ThanhNien News. Retrieved fromhttp://www.thanhniennews.com/society/vietnam-dries-up-in-the- worst-drought-of-the-decade-40852.html

The adverse effectsof the changing climate conditions are beginning to have adverseeffects in Vietnam. The most widespread indicator has been droughtexperienced in different regions of the country. The articledemonstrates this through illustrations of the drying up sugarcaneand cassava farms in Tay Ninh province. In different areas, treeshave been turning brown due to harsh weather conditions making itimpossible to support plant life. Trees that have managed to survivedrought in former years are now drying up, which is an indicator thatweather conditions are becoming worse. Climate changes have resultedin the disappearance of rain, which farmers depend on for theirsurvival. The lack of rainfall warns of the possibility of analarming drought about to hit the nation. The changes in climaticconditions are largely attributed to air pollution, when poisonousgases are released into the air from factories.

Quang, Tri. (8 Apr.2015). 8 tons of oil sludge dirties Vietnam central coast. ThanhNien News. Retrieved fromhttp://www.thanhniennews.com/society/8-tons-of-oil-sludge-dirties- vietnam-central-coast-40903.html

The article informs on the widespread water pollution happening inVietnam, arising from the dumping of waste in water bodies. Thearticle makes a specific reference to the recent incidence of oilsludge in Vietnam’s central coast. Quang Tri notes that tons of oilsludge washed up the coast causing pollution of close to eightkilometers of the coast. Such water pollution has adverse effects tothe environment. In addition to making the local beachesunattractive, the oil sludge pollutes seafood farms, which arelocated close to the coast. Water pollution causes major healthconcerns to individuals that live close to the rivers, as well asthose that depend on the water sources. Notably, it is a major sourceof environmental concern.

Dinh, Son. (5 Apr.2015). Architects want houses to grow rooftop trees in Vietnam’ssuffocating cities. Thanh Nien News. Retrieved from http://www.thanhniennews.com/society/architects-want-houses-to-grow-rooftop-trees-in- vietnams-suffocating-cities-39260.html

According to DinhSon, urban development has resulted in the occupation of many greenlands in Vietnam. Increasing urban development has resulted in anincreasing demand for land. The outcome has been the occupation ofeven those areas that had been previously set aside as green places.Most of these urban developments include projects like theconstruction of restaurants, houses, theatres and bus stops. Thearticle notes that officials have been cutting down trees to createspaces for metro routes as well as different infrastructureconstructions. Green places are important because they controlclimatic changes, ensuring that adverse climate changes like droughtcan be avoided. The article further notes that to replace these greenspaces, many urban developers are in the process of planting treesand grass at the rooftops. The gardens are expected to assist in theretention of rainwater, as well as having insulation impacts.

Ha, Tinh. (24 Mar.2015). Why are clams dying en masse in central Vietnam? Thanh NienNews. Retrieved fromhttp://www.thanhniennews.com/society/why-are-clams-dying-en-masse- in-central-vietnam-40221.html

Ha Tinh notes thatthere has been a massive death of clams in Vietnam. The main cause ofdeath is water pollution. The article notes that investigations,which have been conducted to determine the cause, trace the deaths tothe release of toxic wastes into the water. The toxic waste is saidto have caused the water to turn reddish, just about the time whenthe clams started to die. Further research confirms the presence oflead in water. The incidence is a major indicator of widespread waterpollution that has been happening in most of Vietnam Rivers. Waterpollution poses a major threat to not just sea animals, but tothousands of civilians that depend on water from these sources. It isimportant for officials to create stringent rules, which control suchtoxic waste dumping into rivers, to preserve the environment.

PartII

The articles discuss the widespread environmental pollution happeningin Vietnam. This is apparent in the dumping of toxic waste in water,and projects taking place in rivers, which cause water pollution.Urban development has resulted in the occupation of green places andcutting down of trees. Factories release poisonous gases to theenvironment causing air pollution. Climate changes are another majorcause of alarm in the country. The drying up of crops and watersources warns of drought in the country.

The issue of environmental pollution relates to globalization.Globalization results in emergent challenges through urbandevelopment. It threatens to worsen urban environmental pollution aswell as degrading natural resources. Globalization aims at ensuringthat cities look more attractive, lively and developed. This isapparent in the recent urban development’s happening in Vietnam.The developments have encouraged the cutting down of trees to giveroom to construction of metro routes. Green spaces have been replaceswith restaurants and theatres among other constructions. Although thecity becomes more lively and attractive, it poses major threats tothe environment.

Green spaces and trees are important for any environment because theycontrol climate changes. Cutting down of trees can have adverseeffects on an environment. This has already happened in Vietnam wherefarmers are complaining of harsh weather conditions resulting in thedrying up of crops. In addition, there are regions that have beenexperiencing lack of rainfall for months resulting in drought. Urbandevelopment projects are also happening in rivers. One of thearticles informs on a project happening in one of the nation’s mainwater source. The project involves the filling up of part of a riverwith rocks and sand to create space for project construction. Thelong term impacts of such a construction to the environment isincreased water pollution as water sources become contaminated.

Urban development results in the rise of urban environmentalchallenges. The challenges are perils to individual’s current ofprospect well-being leading to human induced harm to the surrounding.As more buildings are constructed in urban centers, they result incongestion. Air pollution becomes inevitable, as it is impossible forair to circulate freely in areas where there are too manyconstructions and no green places. Industries increase the challengeof air pollution through the release of harmful gases to theenvironment. Air pollution is a major cause of alarm due to theadverse health effects it causes. When individuals inhale poisonousgases they develop illnesses like pneumonia. Air pollution as well,results in changes in climate, because of depletion of the ozonelayer.

However, there are positive effects of globalization to theenvironment. One is the emerging trend in the planting of trees andgrass on the rooftops of houses. The trend is becoming widespread inVietnam and has been practiced in other places like Singapore andMalaysia. As more green spaces are used for urban development, suchemerging trends will be important in replacing the green spaces.

References

Dong, NAi. (19 Mar.2015). Province may have overstepped with controversial project on Vietnam’s main river. Thanh Nien News. Retrieved from http://www.thanhniennews.com/society/province-may-have-overstepped-with- controversial-project-on-vietnams-main-river-40029.html

Ha, Tinh. (24 Mar.2015). Why are clams dying en masse in central Vietnam? Thanh NienNews. Retrieved fromhttp://www.thanhniennews.com/society/why-are-clams-dying-en-masse- in-central-vietnam-40221.html

Dinh, Son. (5 Apr.2015). Architects want houses to grow rooftop trees in Vietnam’ssuffocating cities. Thanh Nien News. Retrieved from http://www.thanhniennews.com/society/architects-want-houses-to-grow-rooftop-trees-in- vietnams-suffocating-cities-39260.html

Luong, Ngoc. (7 Apr.2015). Vietnam dries up in the worst drought of the decade. ThanhNien News. Retrieved fromhttp://www.thanhniennews.com/society/vietnam-dries-up-in-the- worst-drought-of-the-decade-40852.html

Quang, Tri. (8 Apr.2015). 8 tons of oil sludge dirties Vietnam central coast. ThanhNien News. Retrieved fromhttp://www.thanhniennews.com/society/8-tons-of-oil-sludge-dirties- vietnam-central-coast-40903.html

Thuan, Binh. (23Apr. 2015). Vietnam orders coal power plant to reduce pollutionfollowing 30- hour protest. Thanh Nien News. Retrieved from http://www.thanhniennews.com/society/vietnam-orders-coal-power-plant-to-reduce- pollution-following-30hour-protest-42524.html