History of Psychology (Ivan Pavlov) Number

Historyof Psychology (Ivan Pavlov)


Historyof Psychology (Ivan Pavlov)

Inthe recent times the discipline of psychology has become an essentialelement in human life as different scholars’ attempts to study andunderstand peoples mind and behavior. As a scholarly study, ‘historyof psychology’ is as old as mankind. However, its application andstudy is dated back to the ancient Greek period. In addition, thereis also evidence of psychology in ancient Egypt. Over time,different scholars have made their name in the psychology discipline.One of the great psychologists to have made enormous contributions inthe world of psychology is IvanPavlov(Aleksandrova-Howell,Abramson &amp Craig, 2012).

IvanPetrovich Pavlov was a Russian psychologist who made his name inpsychology through his work in classical conditioning. Ivan was bornin September 1849, and lived for 86 years as he died in February1936. Initially, Pavlov wasn’t a psychologist however, his workhad an immense contribution in the field of psychology. Hiscontribution was particularly in the development of behaviorism. Hisbiggest discovery was in reflexes and the growing behaviorismmovement among animals. In addition, his work also demonstratedreactions of animals and peoples towards the environment in ascientific method. Ivan is well known for his classical conditioningtheory and his theory using his widely known experiment with dogs(Aleksandrova-Howell,Abramson &amp Craig, 2012).

Ivan’swork was and remains important as it has been quoted many a times byother scholars in an attempt to explain behavior of people. Onestrength of his work (classical conditioning theory), is that it isscientific, and also helps in breaking complex behavior into smallerunits which are stimulus and response. Despite his immensecontribution through his work, Ivan’s work was criticized as othersargued against his work such as his theory was said to lack validity,as it can lead to incomplete explanations. On the other hand, Ivan’swork was criticized as it was labeled as deterministic, i.e. itdoesn’t allow it doesn’t accommodate any degree of free willamong individuals (Aleksandrova-Howell,Abramson &amp Craig, 2012).In spite of this criticism of his work remains an integral part inthe field of psychology and it has over time been quoted orreferenced by other scholars.


Aleksandrova-Howell,M., Abramson, C. I., &amp Craig, D. A. (2012). Coverage of Russianpsychological contributions in American psychologytextbooks.&nbspInternationalJournal Of Psychology,&nbsp47(1), 76-87.