Importance of Capital Punishment

Importanceof Capital Punishment

Abstract

Capitalpunishment is a controversial issue in the contemporary world and ithas attracted a large number of supporters and opponent in equalmeasures. The major sources of argument include ethics behind capitalpunishment, its capacity to prevent serious crimes, and its costcompared to the benefits. Capital punishment deters crime byinstilling fear in potential criminals. Capital punishment costs lesscompared to alternatives (including the life sentence) methods ofpunish serious criminals. Capital punishment is the only correctivemeasure that can be equated to serious crimes, such as murder.

Keywords:Capital punishment, deterring crime, cost effective, appropriatepunishment.

Importanceof Capital Punishment

Theuse of capital punishment in the judicial system is a highly debatedissue with one camp supports it while the other camp argues that ithas no value. Capital punishment refers to the lawful infliction ofdeath to punish high crime offenders (Mulhausen, 2014). The debate oncapital punishment takes different dimensions where some bases theirarguments on its effectiveness in achieving predetermined goals whileother bases their arguments on ethical grounds. This essay presentsan argument for the use of capital punishment as an effective waydeterring serious crimes, cost effective, and an appropriatepunishment for serious crimes.

Capitalpunishment is an effective method of deterring serious crimes, suchas murder. The effectiveness of capital punishment in deterring crimecan be assessed using case studies for countries that use it moreoften. For example, Singapore is recorded as one of the countriesthat almost always give death penalty for serious crimes, and at thesame time it has a far less number of serious crimes in the world(Mulhausen, 2014). In addition, the abolition of capital punishmentin Britain in 1964 has been associated with the rapid increase in thenumber of serious crimes (Lamperti, 2010). This confirms that capitalpunishment is an effective way of protecting the society from seriouscrimes.

Capitalpunishment is more cost effective compared to the availablealternatives (such as life sentence) of punishing perpetrators ofserious crimes. In life sentence, the judicial system takes care ofthe perpetrators, including their basic needs for the rest of theyear that they will remain behind bars (Beatty, 2015). However, thecost effectiveness of capital punishment is achieved in countriesthat have a limited number of appeals. This is because allowingendless appeals more than doubles the cost of capital punishment,thus reducing the anticipated benefits and effectiveness. Therefore,the judicial system can save money by executing serious crimeoffenders instead of giving them a life sentence.

Capitalpunishment is appropriate for serious crimes, such as murder. Thepunishment given for each crime is expected to be equal, if possible,to the crime committed. In this sense, it would only be fair and justto execute culprits of murder who terminate the lives of other people(Phil for Humanity, 2015). Murderers deprive their victims of theirlives and the only way to punish them accordingly is to execute them.In addition, some perpetrator of serious crimes is able to facilitatemore crimes while still in prison, which means that theirimprisonment may not be an effective solution (Nugent, 2015). Thismakes more appropriate to eliminate them in order to enhance thesafety of the society.

Inconclusion, Capital punishment is effective in deterring crimes, itis cost effective compared to life sentence, and it is the onlyappropriate punishment for perpetrators of serious crimes. Theeffectiveness of capital punishment in deterring crime is evident incountries that give it more regularly and conduct it in more certainways. In addition, capital punishment costs less, especially when thenumber of appeals that the suspect is entitled to is limited. This isbecause appeals increase the duration of the case, which isassociated with high cost of administering justice. Moreover, givingcapital punishment is the only fair way to punish perpetrators ofmurder who takes away the lives of others.

References

Beatty,D. (2015). Criminal law and procedure practice group newsletter. TheFederalist Society.Retrieved April 30, 2015, fromhttp://www.fed-soc.org/publications/detail/the-next-time-someone-says-the-death-penalty-costs-more-than-life-in-prison-show-them-this-article

Lamperti,J. (2010). Doescapital punishment deter murder? A brief look at the evidence.Hanover, NH: Dartmouth College.

Mulhausen,D. (2014). Capital punishment works: It deters crime. DailySignal.Retrieved April 30, 2015, fromhttp://dailysignal.com/2014/10/04/capital-punishment-works-it-deters-crime/

Nugent,T. (2015). Five arguments for and against the death penalty.Flamehorse.Retrieved April 30, 2015, fromhttp://listverse.com/2013/06/01/5-arguments-for-and-against-the-death-penalty/

Philfor Humanity (2015). The pros and cons of capital punishment. Philfor Humanity.Retrieved April 30, 2015, fromhttp://www.philforhumanity.com/Capital_Punishment.html