Makinga Moral Decision Assessment Description
Purityis a young African lady aged 20 years who fall in love with a richbusinessman from the city. She’s an upcoming journalist who meetsSteve during an interview she conducted on his ventures as abusinessman. After several encounters, romantic feelings developbetween them and Purity moves in with Steve.
Afterbeing together for five months purity opts to introduce Steve to hermother as customs requires. Her mother collapses out of shock whileSteve remains dumbfounded upon seeing each other. After a fewminutes, the mother recovers and reveals to her only daughter thatthe man she is dating is indeed her dead beat father.
Purityis devastated to learn that she has committed an abominable act andher unborn child is the product. She is in a dilemma that requiresquick solution. She sadly resolves to break up with Steve but keepthe child convincing herself that it’s only moral thing to do. Thispaper focusses on decision making process based on the normativetheories that explains how decisions should be made in a rationalway.
Normativetheories used in this case study include First, Ethical relativismthat focusses on widespread standards on what is right or wrong. Anaction may be right in one society but wrong in another depending onnorms of one’s culture. Ethical relativism is classified into two
Culturalrelativism is lack of collective standards due to different culturesthat have diverse standards of right and wrong. Being Africans,Purity and Steve would have been punished and considered socialoutcasts. Purity breaks the relationship since it’s culturally anabomination. Individual relativism states that individuals havevarying standards of right and wrong depending on one’s opinion.For instance, Purity decides to keep a child born out of anincestuous relationship with her dead beat father in spite of itbeing an abomination.
Utilitarianismis the second normative theory which states the appropriateness of anaction is determined by how much contentment and little pain itcreates for everyone affected by it. Purity decides to break up herrelationship with the father and keep her unborn child since it isthe most appropriate thing to do for her unborn child, her mum andher father.
Careethics is the third normative theory that states one has an addedresponsibility to exercise special care for those with whom one has arelationship with. The rightness of an action is determined byhappiness of people in close relationships. For example, Purity’sdecision contributes to the happiness of everyone involved.
Normativetheories have merits and demerits. For example ethical relativismlacks standard way of determining what is right or wrong. Purity hadthe freedom to make her decision right based on Ethical relativism.On Utilitarianism theory, purity is able to make a decision thatcontents all involved although she is left with burden of raising andprotecting her child. Lastly, Care ethics theory is biased since itfocusses on others rather than on the actual culprit in this casePurity.
Inmy conclusion, the best theory to apply in Purity’s case isutilitarianism. Purity’s decision to break up her relationship withSteve and keep her unborn child is the most appropriate for everyonethen. Her decision to keep the child nonetheless shows her value forlife.
Baron,Jonathan (2000) Thinkingand Deciding.Cambridge University Press
Gibbard,Allan. (1992) WiseChoices, Apt Feelings: A Theory of Normative Judgement.Harvard university press.
WilfridJ. Walucho (2003) TheDimensions of Ethics: An Introduction to ethical theory.Broadview press Limited.