Maslow’s Hierarchy of Motives

MASLOW’S HIERARCHY OF MOTIVES 6

Maslow’sHierarchy of Motives

PartI

Maslow’sHierarchy of Motives

Maslowlevel of hierarchyorneedis a theorythat isalso termedas “Theory of Human Motivation”. Thetheorystartswith self-actualization. Thetheoryisconcernedwiththerealizationof individual’sfullpotential, andrealizingthatpotential. Itimpliesthatone has to attainthatdesiresothatone can dohis or herbest.Thesecondlevel of needis esteem.Humanbeingsarecreatedina waythat theyfeeltheneedto be respected.Self-esteemandself-respectamong peopleplaysa significantroleas itmakesindividualstohavethedesireto be valuedby others andberespected.Thethirdlevel of thehierarchyis loveandbelonging.Thislevel of motivationinvolvesfeelingsof belongingness. Forexample,intimacyandfriendship,among others, arefeelingsthatpeopleneedthe attentionof.Childrenneedstrongloveinorder to feelthat theybelongto a familythat takes responsibilityandacceptancetowards them.Thefourth level in thehierarchyis safetyneeds.Everyindividualfeelssatisfiedwhenheorshehas personaland financial security,andhealth.Individualsneedphysicalsafety,andtheabsenceof itimpliesthatstressisexperienced.Forindividualsto feelsecure,theyneedfinancialsecurity,well- beingandpersonalsecurity.Thelastlevel of motivationis physiological needs.Theseneedsare concerned with humansurvival.Thephysicalrequirements,iftheyare not met,thenitimpliesthathumanbeingscannot functionas theyaresupposedto.Forexample,to survive,air,waterandfoodhave to be partandparcelof humanbeing,failureto which, thatlifecannot continue. Consideringthemotivational levels that areanalyzedby Maslow’s hierarchyof needs,Ibelievelowerlevels aspireto higherlevels. Thereasonbehind thisisbasedon thefactthatindividualsare motivatedin eachlevel of Maslow’s, forinstance,havingself-esteemandbeingrespectedimpliesindividualsfeelthat theyare moreimportantthan others. Whenindividualsattainsafetyneeds,itmeansthatgoalshavebeenachieved,andthustheytendto aspiretoreach the highestlevel in lifesothattheycan feelsecure. Maslow wascorrectin his assessmentof motivesbecause itis whatindividualsareconcernedwithondailyroutines.Thetermself-actualization meansthefullpotential an individualhas,andheorshehas realizedthatpotential. Theindividualwill haveto workfortheaccomplishmentof thegoalbecause he or she has thepotential. One will knowthatoneis self-actualized whenanindividualencounterschallengesandtacklesthem without anyproblem. Individualshavedifferentgoalsin life.Forexample,whenpursuingeducationalgoals.Childrenhavevariousgoals,anditis theroleof theparentsto makesurethattheir goalsarepreservedby lovingthem, meetingtheir needs,andeducatingthem. Thegoalsthatare mentioned in my booksresonate well with whatI havedesiredandattainedin my endeavors.The motivation hierarchy gives individuals time to set goals and setthe time frame that the goals are to be accomplished.

PartII

Personality Personalityis a trait,which involves actionsthat individualsportrayto thepublic.Forexample,motivations,interests,andmorals, among others. Thetraitis differentfrom one individualto thenext,andthusitmakeseach person unique.Theconceptof personalityis explainedby thefollowingtheories.SigmundFreud Psychoanalytic Theory Thetheorywasdevelopedaroundthe 20thcentury.Thetheoryhas three levels, that is, conscious,preconscious, andunconscious.Forexample,themostinterestingthingto noteis thatthe unconsciousmindrepresentswhatis not inthe present.Ifa childthinksabout certainthingsin life,it implies that it is his orher wishthatdriveshim or her out of consciousawarenessthatlaterbecomesunconscious.Thethree partsthat characterizethemindare id,ego,andsuperego. Theconsciousmindhas theadvantageof receivinginformationfrom theexternalworldandtheunconscious.Intermediate between consciousandunconsciousisreferredto preconscious. Theunconsciousmindis an egopartbecause one worksto satisfythemind(Larsenand Buss, 2008). Aconsciousmindis thesuperego that is strivingforperfectionwhilethepreconscious is theidthatworksto makesurethatan individualhas thepleasure,andthe painhas not occurred.Theapplicationof thetheoryto themodernpsychologyorreallifesituationis thatifgoalsarenot attainedwithin thesetdeadline, itimpliesthatthegoalis goingto be displaced.One has to workforthepresentandnot befocusedonthe unconsciousmind.SocialLearningTheorists Thetheoryisconcernedwith socialization, wherebyindividualscan learnpersonalitiesfrom otherindividuals.In relationto that,thebehaviorcan beacquiredfrom theenvironment.Whenindividualsreinforceandemphasison theessentialtraitsof another,thenthepossibilityof learningthem is high.Theenvironment,in which individualsare livingin, is likelyto influenceone to changehis orher personalities.Others will emulatethetraitsof otherindividualsandthusacquiretheirbehavior.Self-efficacy is importantto humanbeings,andwhentheythinkthatonehasa uniquepersonality,thentheylearnfrom it.Theapplicationof thetheoryto themodernpsychologyorreallifeis individualto learnfrom others. Whenone socializes with others,onemay acquirecertainpositiveornegativetraits,andthusan individualshould respondpositivelyto theenvironment.HumanisticTheory Thehumanisticapproachis based on self-actualization that directshumanbeingthatheorshehas thecapabilityto attainaparticulargoal.Self-actualization resultsto creativity whenindividualsrealizethattheyhavethepotential. Theself-concept drivesindividualsto havethe perceptionofwhoweare andwhatweare capableof.Self-conceptmakesindividualshavetheideasof whatI thinkI am andthepersonI wishI was.Thepersonalityof whoyouare andthepersonI wishI wascan beemulatedfrom others’behavior.Through interviews,itcan be acquiredsince traitsarediscussedin length.Theapplicationthatthe theoryhas to modernpsychologyorreallifeis thatallindividualsare inherentlygood,butencouragesone to viewhimself orherself as a “wholeperson”whohas thecapabilitiesthan otherindividuals.Itis not alwaysgoodto lookat thebehaviorof otherpeople,butone should concentrate on thepotential heorshehas.

References

Larsen,R., &amp Buss, D. (2008). Personalitypsychology: Domains of knowledge about human nature.Boston: McGraw Hill.