Myths

Basedon the videos shown in class, discuss why King Arthur is still apopular part of mythology studies today. Who was Arthur and what doeshe represent? How is his myth related to Christianity?

KingArthur is a renowned legendary king the Britain’s ancient medievalhistories who led the great war of Britain against the invasion ofthe Saxons. According history, his reign was around the fifth and thesixth century. The debate amongst the historian over the existence ofKing Arthur remains. His footages are found documented in ancientpoems such as Y Gododdin and some ancient sources such as the AnnalesCambriae, the writing of Gildas and the Historia Britonum.

KingArthur makes a central head in the Britain legends called matters ofBritain. He is widely studied worldwide owing to the famous book: thehistory of the kings of Britain known as Historia Regum Britanniae.He appears in stories even before his reign in many welshes andBreton tales as a warrior involve in fighting for his people againstthe enemies and supernatural powers.

Eventhough much of the deeds of King Arthur differ in different texts,there exists no canonical version of his legend. For instance,Geoffrey’s version of his events, King Arthur is depicted as a kingin Britain who developed an empire over Britain, Ireland, Iceland,Gaul and Norway after defeating the Saxons. Geoffrey covers themajority of Arthur’s events during his reign.

Arthur’sstory advances in romances and some spiritual tones and appears inthe holy grails.

Manymyths and fairy tales show a human preoccupation with love. Watch thetwo TED talks by Helen Fisher below and discuss how mythologydemonstrates some of her main points. Give examples from severalmyths to support your answer.

Morethan one question arises in love science about why people crave tolove and to be in love relations. Dr Helen Fischer discusses thismatter at TED talks. Her research efforts with the help of hercolleagues give an inner understanding of us regarding love. Shestudied people in love and those who had been dumped. She gives theevolutionary, biochemical effects of love and its importance in thesociety. According to her research, love is considered a universaldrive that is stronger than any other including sex drive. Shestudies-love without forgetting romances and uses poetry, literatureand arts and scientific facts to solve the mysteries of love.

Shestudies the brains of thirty-seven people who are in various stagesof love using the functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Shefound an area around the back of the brain that is responsible forthe control of our emotions including love.

Osirisand Isis, in famous eagyptian myth, Osiris, son of Earth and thesky, was a husband to Isis goddess. Osiris evil brother, the god ofdarkness, hid Osiris in a coffin and threw him in the Nile. Isisstruggles to retrieve Osiris and finds him on the banks. His brotheragain finds the coffin and cuts it into four and disperses the piecesin Egypt, but Isis finds them and restores Osiris to eternal life.Other examples include the Phoenician myth of Adonis and Aphroditeand the Persian myth of Zal and Rudabeh.

Lokiand other tricksters often relied on their victims poor criticalthinking skills in order to fool or take advantage of them. Considerhow you might also make cognitive mistakes in your daily life. Reviewthese cognitive biases and select three that have affected you themost. Explain how they were a problem and how you plan to fix thisand avoid the same mistakes in the future. Select any 3 of the 100+cognitive biases. Click on the ones you want to learn more about.

Asearlier learnt, Cognitive biases are studied in phycology, and therepresent the tendencies to think in a certain way that leads tomisjudgement or making real rational due to some systematicdeviations. Although there is a confirmation of these biases, it hasbeen so difficult to classify them. Brain shortcut causes some of thebiases in making decisions known as heuristic. Those under thiscategory make the cognitive biases. Some others may be due tomotivation for example from wishes. These preferences make the socalled hot biases.

Someof those that have affected me once include the behavioural bias inwhich I could not make a sound judgement of two ambiguous situations.The solution that I came up with was ignoring them and reconsideredgiving them more attention before deciding. In another instance,after a certain task that we had done as a class, I won the approvalof perfuming the best part of the project. This constituted thesocial bias that I encountered. The third situation involvedstressing and emphasizing on more effort than it actually required inthe same project. I came to realized that I was affected by thechange bias.

WorksCited

Miller, Renee M. Cognitive Bias in Fantasy Sports: Is Your Brain Sabotaging Your Team? New York: Xlibris Corporation, 2013.

Serfas, Sebastian. Cognitive Biases in the Capital Investment Context: Theoretical Considerations and Empirical Experiments on Violations of Normative Rationality. Munich: Springer Science &amp Business Media, 2010.

Yetiv, Steve A. National Security Through a Cockeyed Lens: How Cognitive Bias Impacts U.S. Foreign Policy. Maryland: JHU Press, 2013.