Running head- Should Condoms be required in pornographic film?
Nameof the instructor
Itis important to use condoms to help reduce the spread of sexuallytransmitted diseases (STDs). These diseases include the HumanImmunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Chlamydia, genital herpes, genitalwarts, gonorrhea, hepatitis B, and syphilis (Reportfrom the NIAID. July 2001).These are conducted through unprotected vaginal, anal or oral sex.Therefore, condoms should be used by pornographic film productionindustries. Condoms are for both birth control and reducing thediseases. This is made clear by much research that has been doneabout the efficacy of the condoms. They are highly effective againstthe most dangerous of sexually transmitted infections and unintendedpregnancy.
Whenplace on a penis before any sexual contact, the male condom preventsdirect contact with semen, sores on the head and shaft of the penisand discharges from the penis and vagina. Condom thus shouldeffectively reduce the transmission of STIs that are transmittedprimarily through genital secretion. Because condoms only cover thepenis, they provide less protection from STIs primarily transmittedthrough skin to skin. Condoms effectiveness depends heavily on theskill level and experience of the user. Appropriate education,counseling and training on the partners’ negotiation skills cangreatly increase the ability to uses a condom correctly andconsistently(HatcherRA, Trussel J, Stewart F, et al 2004:331-353).
Accordingto the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), NationalInstitute of Health (NIH), and all of the leading medicalassociations in this country, condoms are highly effective inpreventing HIV infections and reduce the risk of pregnancy and anumber of sexually transmitted infections. Performer health isimportant because they are the most tested population on the planet.They should have the ultimate right to control their bodies and theirhealth. They do not deserve to be treated as a public danger or tohave their rights trampled. Treasure Island was taken to task for itslack of condoms, as wells as its absence of an exposurecontrol planthat would curtail contact with semen and other infectious bodilymaterials (HalperinDT, Steiner MJ, Cassell MM, 2004364:1913-1915).
Inthe first ruling of its kind, a judge made a rule that pornographicperformers in California should be treated as employees and coveredby workplace laws requiring condoms, fighting a standard thatindustry officials say often categorizes performers as independentcontractors. A decision comes in the wake of Los Angeles pornproduction’s third moratorium within a year after performers testedpositive for HIV. AHF called the judge’s decision a landmarkruling.The nonprofit in February 2013 filed several noticeof safety or Health Hazards complaintswith California’s department of industrial relations, Division ofOccupational Safety and Health’s Appeals board (Cal/OSHA) againstthe subject of the court case, Treasure Island Media, for the lack ofcondom use in the company’s gay films (Cal/OSHA, 2013).
Evidenceof arguments from adult film employees in California testifies:Cameron Adams, an adult film employee who contracted HIV whileworking in 2013, said “The adult film industry exposed me to bloodon set because they just wanted to finish a scene. I did everythingthat the adult film industry told me to do, and now I am HIVpositive. Pornographers are only interested in their bottom line,because they know that they can take advantage of women like me.Today, I am proud to support and participate in this California wideballot initiative to require the use of condoms in all adult films.Being exposed to blood-borne pathogens and other potential infectiousmaterials should not be considered part of the job. It is time forCalifornia voters to support fairness (Cameron Adams 2013).”
DarrenEdwards, an adult film employee who contracted HIV while working in2004, stated: “I contracted HIV in 2004, and I can tell you, even adecade later, the adult film industry has not changed. Every month wehear about a new exposure or infection in the industry. The adultfilm industry has a responsibility to protect their employees. Andcondoms are the best way to prevent infections on set. They willcontribute to put performers at risk until the people of Californiatake a stand. It is time to make sure we stop letting the adult filmindustry go back to business as usual. This industry should betreated like any other legal industry in California (Darren Edwards2004).” These arguments clearly indicate the need for the condomuse in pornography films(Hearst N, Chen S 2004 35:39-47).
DerrickBurts, an adult film employee who contracted HIV while working in2010, contended: “the adult industry put me in a situation where Icontracted HIV just three months into my career as a performer. Andthe industry then did nothing to help me. They just want to protecttheir bottom line, so they kicked me out the door. This is a workerhealth and safety issue. The industry has a responsibility to protecttheir employees. As a worker in the film industry, I was notprotected. And I do not want more people to end up infected like me.”This clearly indicate that performers in adult film to use condomsduring filming of sexual intercourse (Derrick Burts, 2010).
InNovember 2012, Los Angelenos approved Measure B, which required pornactors to wear condoms. The measure also required producers of adultfilms to pay annual fee to Los Angeles County’s Department ofPublic Health. Vivid entertainment, a pornography film, initiated alawsuit in an attempt to get measure B overturned. Kayden Kross andLogan Pierce, pornography workers, joined as plaintiffs. PaulCambria, Plantiffs’ attorney, viewed the initiative as violatingthe First Amendment of the United States Constitution. He argued thatthe measure imposed an unconstitutional restrain on worker’sfreedom of expression. In August 2013, Judge Dean Pregerson upheldthe law as constitutional and concluded the measure would, in fact,help alleviate health issues (No on measure B, October 18, 2012).
Althoughthe foundation was a catalyst for passage of the Los Angeles law,Weinstein professed no desire to kill the adult film industry. “Weare not against porn,” Weinstein said in a telephone interview. “Wewant it to be safer. We think porn sends the wrong message to youngpeople that they only kind of sex that is hot are unsafe sex.” Ifporn production is regulated under the rules, condom use is requiredfor all sex acts, including oral sex. Adults’ films performers,like Nevada’s licensed prostitutes, would be required to undergoweekly testing for the sexually transmitted diseases Chlamydia andgonorrhea, and monthly testing for HIV and syphilis (NessRB, Randall H, Richter HE, et al 200494:1327-1329).
Inconclusion, using condoms can help delayed premature ejaculation.Lubricated condoms can make intercourse easier and more pleasurablefor women. And condoms do away with the “wet spot” left by semenleakage after sex. Using condoms help reduce anxiety and fear ofpregnancy and STIs so that men and women can enjoy sex more. SomeSTIs can affect a woman’s ability to get pregnant: condoms canprotect against some STIs and therefore help reduce the risk ofinfertility. Using condoms does not require medical examination,prescriptions or fitting. They can be bought at drug store, grocerystores, vending machines, gas stations, bars, and the internet, anddistributed free at any STI and HIV clinics.
LosAngeles Times,"No on Measure B," October 18, 2012
Scientificevidence on condom effectiveness for STD prevention.Report from the NIAID. July 2001. WarnerL, Hatcher RA, Steiner MJ. Male Condoms. In: Hatcher RA, Trussel J,Stewart F, et al, editors. Contraceptive Technology. New York: ArdentMedia Inc. 2004:331-353.HolmesKK, Levine R, Weaver M. Effectivenessof condoms in preventing sexually transmitted infections.Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 200482:454-461.WellerS, Davis K. Condomeffectiveness in reducing heterosexual HIV transmission.Cochrane Database Systematic Review. 2002(1):CD003255.Hearst N, Chen S. Condompromotion for AIDS prevention in the developing world: is it working?Studies in Family Planning. 200435:39-47.CDC.Malelatex condoms and STDs.HalperinDT, Steiner MJ, Cassell MM, et al. Thetime has come for common ground on preventing sexual transmission ofHIV.Lancet. 2004364:1913-1915.NessRB, Randall H, Richter HE, et al. Condomuse and the risk of recurrent pelvic inflammatory disease, chronicpelvic pain, or infertility following an episode of pelvicinflammatory disease.American Journal of Public Health. 200494:1327-1329.