Nihonjinron

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is an ideologythat explainstheJapanese culturewith referenceto its pronounceddifferenceswith thewesternthought.Thedoctrinelooksat Japan as a unifiedsocietybased on thevirtueof collectivismas opposedto therampantindividualism in theWestern culture.Theuniqueness of thisculturepassesfrom one generationto anotherwithout muchchangein its initialcontext.However,somescholarsarguethattheconcepthas manyflawsdue to its generalized natureandmethodology. Itderivesits conceptual definitionfrom a numberof premisesandmethodology.

Thefirstpremiseof is thatJapan is a collectivestatethat has noadvancesin theprevalentcapitalismexperiencedin thewest.Accordingto its scholars,thesociety’swayof lifeis differentfrom therestof theworldwith a claimthatJapan is bestexampleof collectivism.Theconceptpresumesthatthecitizensare benevolentof eachother.Thecommunityinclinesto mutualdependencyratherthan creatingsocialclassesthat leadto thedestitutionof otherpeople.Amae is thenamegivento theJapanese societywherebyeveryone is mindfulof theother(Buckle, 2013).

Secondly, is a resistancetowards thewesternculture.To preservetheJapanese society,culturalscholarsregardedanywesternideologyas a threatto thesocialcordof thecitizens.Despite their cultureappearingas backwardin theeyesof theWest, theculturalguardianstakeitto their advantageto protectthesocietyfrom theallegedextortive natureof globalization. Thecitizens’viewof anyaspectof foreignculturethat doesnot comply with thecommunity’straditionis not usuallywelcome(Buckle, 2013).

Anothermajorpremiseof theideologyis thatthescholarsbelievethattheJapanese societysurvivesin a unifiedandhomogenous environment.Althoughithas manycitizensin its differentpartstheir languageandfairlyuniformsocialclasstightenthebondbetween them. Theverticalnatureof thesocietyenablesthesuperiormembersof thecommunityto takea mutualresponsibilitytowards helpingthosebelow them. There is veryminimalcompetitiondue to thebeliefthatallpeoplecannot be equalin allaspectsof life.Theyjuxtaposethisagainst thehorizontalsocietycultivatedin thewesternworld.In suchsituations,there is a lotof competitionas peoplestruggleto be thebestin thesociety.Theuseof deviousmeansandtreacheryare commonas peoplestriveto climbtheladder(Buckle, 2013).

However,theopinionshapers receivecriticismon howsuchassertionbecomeviable without theapplicationof a validmethodology. Scholarsterm theperceivedbeliefsas unnecessarygeneralizations not based on anyfacts.However,theydonot writeoff thenatureof theJapanese societybecauseitbearssomeof thecharacteristics.Whattheyare against is theexaggeratenatureof thecommunitythat givesita pictureof a verydifferentcommunitycomparedto therestof theworld(Buckle, 2013).

Inconclusion, continuesto be thedistinguishingfactorbetween Japan andtheWest. Thescholarsreferto itto showthevariationsthat existbetween their cultureandtheothersocietiesthat continueto allowglobalization to infiltrate thesocialpractices.Goingby theliterature,Japan appearsto be a reservedcountrywith their culturestillintact.However,thepangsof globalization are o t easyto rulebecausetheyhavea gradualeffecton thebeliefsandvaluesof anycommunity.Itis alsoevidentthata significantpercentageof itassertionsare generalized factorsthat might havea differentfacewith theimplementation of qualityresearch.Despite this,there is a consensusthattheconceptreflectsa significantrealityof thesocietyand,therefore,itstandsas one of themostdesirablein theworld.

References

Buckle,C. (2013). Criticallydiscuss the underlying premises, methods and ideologies oftheories.JapaneseCulture and Society.9 (Spring 2013), 1-10.