PERSONAL MORALITY 4
Ethical Issue: Prostitution
In any democratic society like ours, people are free to engage inwhatever activities they decide provided they are legal. Providedthese activities do not cause harm to others, they are mostly legal.One such personal activity is prostitution, which involves usingone’s body to fulfill sexual favors in return for money. However,the issue of prostitution progresses to be controversial. There arediffering arguments with some people considering its legalization,while others completely object the idea of allowing prostitution.Often referred as the oldest career, opponents argue for theillegalization of prostitution due to it being unethical. From apersonal point of view, I present reasons why prostitution isunethical.
Prostitution is unethical because in most countries where the act isillegal, it entails human trafficking. Victims of human traffickingare coerced into becoming prostitutes. Legalizing prostitution willresult in a demand for more prostitutes and in turn increase theincidences of human trafficking to meet the demand (Cho,Dreher & Neumayer, 2013). Human trafficking is not justunlawful, but is an unethical act as it involves causing intendedharm to humanity. In opposition of legalization of prostitution,individuals argue that lawful prostitution will result on expandingthe sex industry, in turn enhance child and street prostitution (Cho,Dreher & Neumayer, 2013). The act is unethical because itis a service that results in human degradation. Prostitutes aremerely seen by their customers as tools for sexual pleasure, to useand pay (Weitzer, 2011).Treating someone as a sexual object resonates to disregard for thehuman being. Prostitution is unethical because it encourages cheatingin marriages. In most instances, the male customers are married menor in relationships with other women, prostitution acts as aconvenient manner for them to cheat. Cheating is unethical, as itgoes against the marriage promise. In addition, cheating spousescould infect their faithful partners with sexually transmittedillnesses.
However, any punitive endeavor towards illegalization ofprostitution is symbolic of double standards in society concerningsexual morality (Kai, 2004). It is the women working as prostitutesthat are regarded as immoral. This results in their stigmatization bythe same men who pay for their services. Thus, legalizing the act isnecessary in protecting the rights of prostitutes, for instanceagainst discrimination (Kai, 2004). Legalization safeguards the sexemployees from harassment and abuse. Prostitution is ethical becauseit is a kind of employment. Different lawful employments have theirdiverse working surrounding as well as stipulations. Hence, whensomeone makes the decision to become a prostitute, it is theirpersonal choice and society should not have the right to makedecisions for people on what jobs they should do. If made legal, itwill ensure that the business is safe and reduces the perils sexworkers face (Weitzer, 2011).
It is correct to argue that by legalizing prostitution, the rightsof sex workers are protected in turn doing away with the negative aswell as unethical issues linked with the prostitution business.Regardless, the prostitution business progresses to be unethical andmore efforts should focus on its illegalization. It causesdegradation to human dignity and prostitutes work under anenvironment that is exploitative. In addition, it is unethical totrade human sexuality for financial gains and there is immoral toengage in sexual acts with many partners. Prostitution encouragescheating, which may result in broken marriages and spread ofillnesses to faithful partners.
Cho, S. Y., Dreher, A., &Neumayer, E. (2013). Does legalized prostitution increase human trafficking? WorldDevelopment, 41,67-82.
Kai, M. (2004). US Feminists split over Berkeley prostitutionmeasure. North Gate News Online, 1-1.
Weitzer, R. J. (2011). Legalizingprostitution: From illicit vice to lawful business.New York: NYUPress.