Q1: Philosophicalthinking in communication
The author baseshis argument on the use of philosophical thinking in communication.The basic unit of language (communication) is symbols, which is madeup of words, numbers, gestures, tonal variation, and facialexpression. Words are used by human beings to communicate to others.Words are combined to formulate ideas which philosophy tries to givereasons for such ideas as well as the actions and behaviors thataccompany such ideas. Philosophy is concerned with analysis,comparison and evaluation of ideas. The words and symbols used toconstruct ideas must be used correctly and precisely in order tobring clarity of the idea. Words are also the building block ofthought, and the combination of words can distort their meaning andthought they elicit (John J. Ross, 2009).
There are newsthings that I have learned from the reading. I learned the keyelements of logical reasoning to be a statement, and that statementsare declarative sentences, which claims the existence of an idea. Anargument consists of two or more statements and is divided intoconclusion and premises. The conclusion outlines the idea that anargument is based on while the premises provide the reasons for theargument.
I conquer withthe questions that aid in critical thinking about statements in anyargument. This is because they help us know bias in or selectiveperceptions in any argument and whether the argument is real or not.The questions enable us understand the logic of arguments. The authordoes not clearly state the relationship between logic and criticalthinking.
What is the difference between critical thinking and logical reasoning and how to they relate?
How does the organization of words and statements in an argument affect its logical evaluation?
How can you know that a statement or an argument is logic?
Nicholas Bunnin & Jiyuan Yu (2008), The Blackwell Dictionaryof Western Philosophy, John Wiley & Sons.
D. Lawrence Kincaid (2013), Communication Theory: Eastern andWestern Perspectives, Academic Press.
John J. Ross (2009), Reading Wittgenstein`s PhilosophicalInvestigations: A Beginner`s Guide, Lexington Books.