PoliticalAdministration in Brazil
Brazilis a federal republic with considerable decentralization federalism.The union of 26 states makes up the federal government of Brazil.These states have no specific constitutions, but they enjoy powersprovided to them by the federal constitution. This makes up asymmetrical type federation. Brazilian states share similardemographic makeup, making it a congruent federalism.
Themain reason for the adoption of the federation system was todistribute the power of governance to different parties, ensuring thenation did not fall in a dictatorial regime again.
Thenational legislature is the national assembly. It formulates andapproves public policies. The Brazilian national legislature isbicameral consisting of two houses, the chamber of deputies, and thefederal senate (Huerta Melchor, 2010, p. 288).
Legislationin Brazil is symmetric bicameralism. The two chambers have nearlyequal power since the reading is less than one section of theBrazilian constitution. The legislative system is also incongruentbicameralism since the chamber members are elected using differentsystems.
Transparencyin the policymaking process was the main reason for the adoption of abicameral system of legislation. Veto players are political figures,whose reasoning is necessary when addressing matters of the state.Most of these actors are institutions created by the constitution ofa country. Veto players are in charge of the creation and adoption ofpolicies in a country
Brazilis a federal republic nation with an adopted the federal constitutionand according to Tzifakis (2012), “countries with a federal systemof government have a larger number of veto players compared tocountries with a unitary system” (108). Veto players according tothe Brazilian constitution include president, national assembly, andthe judiciary. From the political field, political parties are vetoplayer.
Thetwo chambers of Brazilian national assembly have powers to influencestate policies since they monitor government ministers. However,according to the Brazilian constitution the power offered to thechamber of deputies makes it more powerful than the federal senate(Huerta Melchor, 2010, p.354-355).
Accordingto the Brazilian constitution the president is elected the majorityand powers vested in him, makes him responsible for all policies thatare drafted and passed under his regime since he holds the final saybefore a bill becomes a law.
Thejudiciary as stipulated in the Brazilian constitution Huerta Melchor(2010) consists of a supreme court and other courts below it.Brazilian Supreme Court has a jurisdictional area of the whole nationand its decision together with that of other courts has no oppositionprovided they respect the rule of law.
Beforeelecting a president, he must have the support of a nationalpolitical party. These political parties have powers that are statedin the constitution. They try to enforce their ideologies into thecountry their candidate.
Frommy point of view, Brazil has four veto players, the judiciary,political parties, president, and the national assembly. The fourplayers are involved directly in defining the status of the nationthrough their own means as stated in the constitution.
Accordingto Tzifakis (2012) “a federal nation has more veto players and, asa result, they exhibit the highest level of policy stability”(254). Brazil has a larger number of veto players. Therefore, Iexpect her to have high policy stability since Veto players will haveto formulate policies that are accommodating to all to avoidrejection of the bill.
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TZIFAKIS,N. (2012). Internationalpolitics in times of change.Berlin, Springer.http://public.eblib.com/choice/publicfullrecord.aspx?p=885096.
ROSE-ACKERMAN,S., & LINDSETH, P. L. (2011). ComparativeAdministrative Law.Cheltenham, Edward Elgar Pub.http://public.eblib.com/choice/publicfullrecord.aspx?p=631204.