Poverty is a national social issue experienced in almost allcountries. It is a situation in which people live below the minimumaverage life. Absolute poverty refers to the lack of basic necessitylike food, water and shelter while relative poverty refers to lack ofresources to live a decent and expected life. Asa social problem, it is a wound that penetrates all culture andsocieties and is associated with low income levels, lack of access toeducation and or health care, clean water, good infrastructure likeroads and communication facilities as well as housing. It createseconomic burden majorly on food resources, health resources andhousing resources and is associated with draw back in economicdevelopment and increase in crime rates (Maskovsky, 2010). These arethe reasons behind choosing the topic as I want to explore what arethe real causes of poverty and how can l improve the condition. Butdoes those who are poor lazy? Is it right to blame the poor peoplefor their poverty status? No society or economy can eradicatepoverty completely and there is always portion of poverty that isacceptable. Poverty causes social tension and can divide a nation dueto cases of inequality. It is a social problem and its solutions arealso social.
On exploring the causes ofpoverty, it is true that those who are over privileged and who arewealthy contributes to a great percentage to increased poverty. Theyemploy the underprivileged poor citizens and pay them very littlesuch that it does not even meet half their needs. This in returnresults to increased rates of crimes in order to feed their families.Again the rich encourage crimes by spending large sums of moneypromoting activities like gambling, drug abuse and prostitution intheir business environments. They try at all costs to avoid payingtaxes which is a major drawback to the economy (Rank, 2009). As acitizen, it is important to educate the poor on their rights to goodpayment and that they should not be undermined because they have noother means to survive. They should come out strong and fightinjustices by showing the rich that working for them is not a mustand that they can start their own small businesses like groceriesfrom the little they save. To add on, I will also educate them on theeffects of gambling and other uncouth practices of the rich who onlywant to take advantage of them. In the end it will be myresponsibility to ensure those illegal businesses like drug sellingby the rich comes to an end by reporting evident cases to the highauthorities.
Diseases are another big cause ofpoverty in many nations. This is as a result of unhealthy livingconditions like lack of access to clean water and health food. Casesof cholera, malnutrition diseases like marasmaus and kwashiorkor arerampared. Prostitution has resulted to increased HIV incidents andtherefore people spent most of the time caring for patients insteadof working (Quigley, 2013). Huge amounts of money are used onhospital bills and this has contributed to increased poverty tohousehold members. To fight this, I will organize with the governmentto see that people get clean water and the health condition of theenvironment they live in are improved through clearing of drainagesand rubbish around their premises. I will also plan with governmentfor food aids to those communities suffering from hunger to fightmalnutrition. In the case of HIV/AID, those who are already affectedI will encourage then to use CRV’s to increase their lifespan andavoid constant fevers and for the general public I will introducelearning sessions on effects, causes and prevention measures to thedisease.
Ignorance among member of thesociety is a tragedy to poverty. People born from poor familiesignore the fact that their lives can change. They dwell in the beliefthat the spirit of poverty is in them and that their conditions cannever change. This is an old gone ideology and such people should beenlightened on the possible changes in their lives throughhardworking. The initiative is to push them into work as a goal,”workist consensus” as referred to by Maskovsky. He believes thatthe move is accompanied by putting emphases on “self help”strategies to pull them out of poverty (Maskovsky, 2001:472-473.).They should be engaged in communitywork and other social event where they can interact with people whowill induce them with positive social change. Feminism has also seenincreased poverty levels. Women are denied access to schooling,political affairs, religion leadership and other important activitiesthat favour men Equality lacks on gender basis and thus, I willempower women on their rights. They have rights equal to their malecounterparts and being the strong bond of the family, they can havegreat impact on household incomes levels, their children education aswell as their families health (Jennings & Kushnick, 2012).
To conclude, it is clear thatgeographical poverty exists. Some areas are more developed thanothers in terms of infrastructure, medical facilities, technology andindustrialization. This is as a result of government ignorance andavoidance due to remoteness or insecurity. In a review of ruralpoverty, there is rural differential although the exact effects arenot clearly isolated from individual effects as required forconfidence (Weber and Jensen, 2004). It is also argued that the jointmovement process of people and jobs from poor regions in the citiesand rural areas results in separation of work, residence, social,political and economic life (Goldsmith & Blakely, 2013). To cubon these disparities, it is important to improve competitiveness oflocal industries in all areas. Also, development programs should beintroduced in rural areas as well as shifting of funds throughnational and regional reinvestment. Finally, revitalization of townsand civic improvements should be done to make remote areas attractiveand increase amenities together with investing in infrastructuressuch as schools and other public facilities. By improving the welfareof the nation and educating the poor of the factors to considerimproving their status, all national issues related to poverty willbe effectively dealt with and poverty levels will extremely reduce.
Rank, M. R. (2009). One Nation, Underprivileged. New York:Oxford University Press.
Maskovsky, J. (2010). Afterword: Beyond the privatist consensus.in J. Goode, & J. Maskovsky (eds), The new poverty studies .New York: New York University Press.
Goldsmith, W. W., & Blakely, E. J. (2013). Separate Societies:Poverty and Inequality in American Cities. Philadelphia: TempleUniversity Press.
Jennings, J., & Kushnick, L. (2012). Introduction: Poverty asRace, Power, and Wealth. in L. Kushnick, & J. Jennings (eda), ANew Introduction to Poverty: The Role of Race, Power, and Politics(pp. 1-12). New York: New York University Press.
Quigley, W. P. (2013). Ending Poverty As We Know It.Philadelphia: Temple University Press.