President Reagan’s Doctrine

PRESIDENT REAGAN’S DOCTRINE 5

PresidentReagan’s Doctrine

PresidentReagan’s Doctrine

TheUnited States of America has enjoyedtheleadershipof variouspresidentswhoseleadershiphas beena reflectionof a diversesetof policies.Theseruleshelpthem to managetheinternalpoliticalconditionas wellas stabilizingtheinternationalcommunity.Someregionaleffortscan havedetrimentaleffortsto theeconomyof theUnited States of America andtheworldat large.Beinga powerfulstate,its participationin theinternationalarenais inevitable.PresidentReagan wasone of theleaderswhoruledduring a timewhencommunismwasat its heights.Through theapplicationof restrictiveanddiplomaticmechanisms,his administrationwasableto quellthespreadof thewavein theworld(Walcher, 2014).

CommunismandtheCold War werethemajorchallengesof President Reagan’s administration.Althoughthemovementstartedevenbefore hegotinto power,its intensityhadnot developedto theextentof raisingconcerns.Hefeltthathis predecessor,President Carter, haddoneverylittleto trimthemovementbefore itdeveloped.PresidentReagan institutedthedoctrineto supporttheanti-communism guerillas with materialsandinformationin an effortto overthrowthepro-soviet administrations.His associationwith therebelsbeganin 1980s, anditcontinuedthroughout thecoldwarerauntil 1991 (Roskin, 2010). In his unionstateaddressin 1985, hereferredto thecommunist perpetrators as colonialists andthosewhotriedto liberatethenationfrom thehandsof themovementas freedomfighters.Thedoctrineheinstitutedwasto reducetheeffectof communismin Africa, Asia, andLatin America through thecoldwarstrategy.Itinvolvedtheuseof diplomaticeffortto issuehelpto rebelsespeciallyin Afghanistan.

Inearly1985, theUSSR resolvesto intensifyits waragainst rebelsin Afghanistan. Therebelssoughtto wagewaragainst theUSSR, andthisbroughttheUnited States andUSSR to an indirect.TheMujahideen wasone of thesupportprojectsof theUS governmentin its effortto curbtheinfiltration of communismin theFar East. Militaryhardware,financesandintelligencereportswereavailed t therebels,andtheysuccessfullydefeatedtheSoviet Union anddrovethem out of Afghanistan (Walcher, 2014).

Manyscholarsandpoliticalstrategistsbelievetheadoptionof thedistanced doctrineto supportthepro-rebels helpedto demolishthegrowingmovement.TheSoviet Union would havewantedits methodof governance to be adoptedby variousstatesin an effortto riseto super power.With thehelpof Margret Thatcher, theUnited States receivedsupportin Europe andAsia. America avertedthesituationin Cambodia, Afghanistan, Angola, Ethiopia, Laos, Guatemala, Grenada,andNicaragua. However,somescholarsassociatedthedownfallof theSoviet Union with thecountry’sstagnanteconomythat could not supporttheir cause.Amajormiscalculation of theUSSR wasthatitwentlargescalewithout theprospectsof an improvedeconomy(Pach, 2006).

Reagan’sdoctrinesavedtheimageof theUnited States becauseitdidnot engageits troopsin directassaults.Theeconomydidnot experiencea significantpinchfrom fundingtherebelmovements.Adirectinvolvementby sendingtroopsinto thenationsthat neededorderwould haveresultedin manycasualties.Secondly,theinternationalcommunitycould not findanygroundto confronttheUnited States to claimresponsibilityforthecontraventionof humanrightsin variouspartsthat experiencedlabormovements.

Afterthevictoryof pro-communism movements’in differentcountries,Reagan’s administrationcould not containthethirstof therebelsquench forpowerandoverthrowingthegovernment.His doctrinereceivescriticismforgivingriseto terroristgroupsespeciallyin theFar East. In Afghanistan, a leaderrebel,Osama Bin Laden, roseto thepowersof leadinga terrorist groupthat would hitbackto theUS governmentlater(Tirman, 2006).

Politicalscholarsalsoarguethatthedoctrineadoptedby Reagan hadlargeimplicationsforthenation.Unknowingly, thepresidentwasleadingthecountryto a deeppitof regionalenmityespeciallyin thecountrieswherecommunismsuffereda blow.Thelistof countriesthat receivedmilitarysupportin termsof financeshas locationsin all thethree continents.Thecountrycould not takeresponsibilityforthemassviolationof humanrightsperpetratedby anti-communism insurgents.However,differentbodiesheapedcriticismon theroleof thegovernmentforits continued financialhelpevenwith theknowledgeof theextremeactivitiesof therebels(Pach, (2006).

Conclusively,President Reagan’s doctrineof fightingcommunismwithout directinvolvementbroughtan endto thecoldwar.Thenumberof casualtiesthat could haveresultedreducedbecausepeoplefoughttheir warin their individualcountries.Thewaveof communismthat could haveledto a revolutionin theworldsuffereda drawback.His diplomaticapproachshielded his countryfrom thecriticismf theinternationalarenaas wellas savingtheeconomyfrom channelingvastresourcesinto warwith theUSSR. Heremainsone of theleaderswhobroughta positiveimpactto theUnited States andthewholeworldat large.

References

Pach,C. (2006). The Reagan Doctrine: Principle, Pragmatism, and Policy.PresidentialStudies Quarterly,36(1),75-88.

Roskin,M. G. &amp Berry, N. O. (2010). IR:the new world of international relations.Prentice Hall: Upper Saddle.

Tirman,J. (2006). 100Ways America is Screwing Up the World.Harper Perennial: New York.

Walcher,D. (2014). TheReagan Doctrine:ACompanion to Ronald Reagan.Pearson: New York.