Presidential Leadership

PresidentialLeadership

  1. The inner cabinet consists of the members of the government that serve a national role that is more than just heading a particular department of the government. It is made up of an inner circle of the government that is close to the executive head of the nation, in this case, the president (Horn, 2004). This inner cabinet has members who include the Secretary of State, the Attorney General and the Secretaries of Treasury and Defense. Looking at their dockets, these are people who serve important roles in the Government and are always kept close to the president. They have an easier access to the president than any other cabinet member. Their role as the inner cabinet is to work closely with the President in running the country and making many national and international decisions that affect the functioning of the government.

Theconstituencydepartmentsof thecabinetdealwith issuesthat directlyaffectvotersof theconstituency.Theyprovideservicesthatthesepeoplerequireandalsolookat their wellbeing. Suchdepartmentsincludethatof educationthat monitorsthefunctioning of thecountry’sschoolsandotheracademicinstitutions.Thedepartmentof healthandhumanservicesis responsiblefortheavailing of medicalservicesto allcitizensequally.Anotherconstituencyofficeis thatof housingandurbandevelopment.Thisdepartmentlooksat thewaythehomesteadsof peopleare developedandaimsat gettingeveryone ahomein themostaffordable way.Itcreatesandenforcespoliciesthat leadto urbangrowthanddevelopment,hencefosteringthegrowthof thecountry.Otherdepartmentsunder thiscategoryincludethedepartmentof transportandtheDepartmentof homelandsecurity.Thesetwo lookat thetransportationinfrastructureandthesecurityof thecitizensrespectively.Thedepartmentof veteranaffairscan alsobegroupedas a constituencydepartment.Ittakescareof theoldsoldierswhooncefoughtforthecountryin variousbattles.Italsosupervisesnationalcemeteriesandcaters forthepensionof veteransoldiers.Moreover,itprovideseducationfortheir kinthrough thegovernmentpoliciesthat supportveterancare.

Theclearinghousedepartmentsof thecabinetdealwith monetaryissues,imports, exports andtheeconomyof thecountry.Thesedepartmentsare responsibleforthefinancialstatusof thecountryandlookat investmentswithin andoutside their homecountry.ThesedepartmentsincludetheDepartmentof agriculturethat concentrateson strengtheningthecountry’sagriculturalsector.Itdoesthisby monitoringtheagriculturalpracticesbeingcarriedout, both in cropandanimalfarming.Italsoensuresthatagriculturalproductsare of goodqualitysuchthattheycan be consumedlocally,storedforfutureconsumptionandothers exportedforforeignexchange.Thisdepartmentearnsthefederalgovernmentmoneyfrom theexportation of produce.Thisdepartmentissupportedby thedepartmentof commercethat promotesinternationaltradeandeconomicgrowthof thecountry.Itmonitorsbusinesseswithin thecountryandthosethat havespreadinternationallydue to globalization. Thedepartmentof laborensuresthatworkingconditionswithin allnationalindustriesare favorableto theworkers.Italsoplaysa crucialrolein economicdevelopmentby trackingemploymentratesandsalariesof thepeopleworkingin allindustrieswithin thecountry.Thedepartmentof energydealswith issuesrelatedto energy,includingtheexploitation of energyresources,andregulatesminingactivitiesof thesame.Italsocontrolsthepricing of oilandhelpsresolveissuesrelatedto energygeneration,distribution,andconsumption.

Havinglookedat thethree maintypesof thecabinetoffices,itis evidentthattheyallhavean influenceon thegrowthanddevelopmentof thecountry,whetherpolitically oreconomically. However,theinnercabinetis likelyto playa largerrolethan theconstituencyandclearinghousedepartmentswhenitcomesto presidentialdecision-making. Thereasonbehind thisfactis thattheinnercabinetisclosestto thepresidentdue to its functions.Thisinnercabinetis in chargeof thecountry’smainarms,which are militarysecurity,thelaw,andthefinancialdocket of thecountry.Italsohas a presidentialadvisor in thenameof theSecretary of State, hencewill havethebiggestinfluencewhenitcomesto guidingthepresidentthrough nationalandinternationaldecisions.

  1. The cabinet of the American government has evolved over time, changing in composition and importance. Its change, growth or failure depends on whether the President prefers to use it for advice or not.

Thecabinetcan betracedbackto President George Washington. Hefounditnecessaryto havea groupof consultantsthat would advisehim on thepresidentialleadership.Itallbeganwith three departmental secretariesandan attorneygeneral,andeventuallygrewto themoderncabinet.Thechangesthat haveformedtheCabinethavebeenassociatedwith wisdom,corruptionandneedto ruleappropriately,depending on thepresidentrulingat a particulartimein history.

Theinitialcabinetwasa smallcollectivedecision-making group,suchas theoneseenunderPresident George Washington. ThePresident metwith thisgroupon a regularbasis,andithelpedhim makecertaindecisionsinvolvingthecountryandits nationalandinternationalaffairs.With time,variouspresidentsalsousedthecabinetas their advisor.

PresidentAndrew Jackson formeda teamof privateadvisors called the kitchen cabinet (Goduti, 2009). Theywerejustan informalgroupandhadnot receivedanyofficialmandatefrom thegovernmentto advisethePresident. PresidentRoosevelt hada teamcalledthebraintrustthat wasloyalto him andalsoadvisedhim.

Theseinformalgroupsbecameobsoletewith timedue to thecomplexity of issuesfacingthecountry.There wasneedto havegovernmentinsiders as advisors. PresidentNixon appointedthree Super Secretaries to reorganizetheexecutive.Thisappointmentdidnot followprotocolas hedidnot seektheapprovalof Congress. Hewascaughtup in theWatergate scandalpartlydue to thisissueandhadto resign(Anderson, 2007).

PresidentObama hopedfora cabinetin which hewould appointa teamof rivals(Goodwin, 2005).Thisgroupwasmeantto puthim on alertby not justagreeingwitheverydecisionhemadebutby pushinghim out of thepresidentialcomfortzone.Suchappointmentswereseenin theselectionof Hillary Clinton andJoe Biden, his formerrivals,into thecabinet.

Theevolutionof thecabinethas shapedthepresidentialpostinthecountry.Themoderndaypresidentdepends on theCabinetforimportantdecisionsandadvice.Healsoprefershavingrivalsratherthan friendsin theCabinetbecausetheyhelpdevelopa strongandsmartpresidentthrough criticism(Taranto, 2004).

Workscited

Horn, Geoffrey M. The Cabinet and Federal Agencies. Milwaukee,WI: World Almanac Library, 2004.

Goduti, Philip A. Kennedy`s Kitchen Cabinet and the Pursuit ofPeace the Shaping of American Foreign Policy, 1961-1963.Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, 2009.

Anderson, Dale. Watergate: Scandal in the White House.Minneapolis, Minn.: Compass Point, 2007.

Goodwin, Doris Kearns. Team of Rivals: The Political Genius ofAbraham Lincoln. New York: Simon &amp Schuster, 2005.

Taranto, James. : Rating the Best and theWorst in the White House. New York: Free, 2004.