Professional Counselling

PROFESSIONAL COUNSELLING 8

ProfessionalCounselling

Professionalcounseling

Inorderforone to be a licensedprofessionalcounselorin America,thereare variousrequirements,laws,rulesandpoliciesthat should be observedby an individual.Theprerequisiterequirementsvaryfrom one stateto theother.Forexample,therequirementsof New York City varyfrom thoseof Texas City. Toapplyfora licensean individualrequiresa mastersordoctoral degreein counseling orin therelatedfieldsfrom a recognizeduniversityorcollegeanda plannedgraduateprogramin anycounsellingorrelatedfieldwith at least48 hoursforgraduatesemester.Anyapplicantmust showacademiccourseworkin normalhumandevelopmentandgrowth,abnormalbehaviorin humans,assessmenttechniques,counseling theories,research,counseling techniques,careerdevelopmentandone’s lifestyle, socialculturalandeconomicfamilyissuesandfinallytheprofessionalorientation.

Apersonmust alsohaveundergonecounseling practicum thatwasstrictlysupervised.Thegraduatemust takeandpasstheNationalCounselorexam andthestatejurisprudenceexam that will givethem a temporarylicense.Thelicensewill beusedfora post-graduatecounseling internship that will be highlysupervised.Theinternshipcomprisesat least3000 clockhoursofat least1500 clockhourshavingdirectcontactwiththe clientunderthe supervisionof a boardassignedsupervisor.Ittakesmorethan18months.Aftercompletionof theinternship,thepersonundertakesanothernationalcounselorexam andiftheypassthatis whentheyaregiventhelicense(ACA, 2014).

Videovignettesummary

Thevideo is about professionalcounselorsdiscussingtheimpactsofthe dualrelationship,thestandardof carethecounselorsshould maintainwith their clients,boundariesto bemaintainedandwhento terminatea professionalcounseling.

Dualrelationship.

Josephdiscouragesbartertherapyof servicesbecauseitalwaysleadsto exploitation of theclientandsometimesunethicalbehavior.Thisisbecausetheclientmight endup uncontested with thetherapyandthusfeelstakenadvantage.Alice,a professional counselor, wantsto receivelandscapeandlawnmaintenancefrom her clientBob,whowantstherapyforhis depression.Iftheclientis not satisfiedwith theservices,theymight endup suingthecounselor.Thisriskthem losingthelicensesince thisis a dualexploitive relationship.There should neverbe anyromanticorsexualrelationshipbetween therapist andtheclientortheir closerelatives.Electronicrelationshipsinvolved(ACA, 2014).Boundaries

Caroladmitsthatthere are variousboundariesbetween thetherapist andclientdepending on thetypeof therapybeingoffered.Theboundariesare subjectto interpretationandprofessionaljudgment.Forexample,Dr. B. givinga pat andsqueezinghis clientis crossingtheclinical clientboundarysince itis like congratulatinghim forworkwelldone.Itis inappropriateforcognitive behaviorcounseling. Boundariesdepend on lotsof considerationssuchas thereasonbehindthe treatment,theclient’sbackground,theappropriatenessof interventionandtheclinical approach.Forexample,a counselorcannot goaroundtouchinga clientwhohas beenrapedbefore.Theywill besuedforcrossingtheboundary.Sexwith a clientis a classicboundary(ACA, 2015).Standardof care:Thetherapist is supposedto keeptheclientinformationconfidentialsince thatis whenthenthetreatmentstarts.Thecounselorshould ensuretheclientgetsall theprofessionaltreatmentnecessarysuchas rehabilitation(ACA, 2014).Termination

Thecounselorshould terminatetherelationshipiftheyareexposedto dangers.Theterminationshould be donein a propermannerlegallyandethically. Itshould be after a completionof treatment,anothertherapist arrivalorafter theclientnolongerneedstheservices.Summaryof American counseling associationcodeof ethicsDualrelationships

TheACA Code of Ethics has explaineddualrelationshipsamong individuals.Itstatesthattherapists arerestrictedfrom enteringmultiplerelationshipswith clientsas thiswould impairtheir effectiveness andcompetenceorat timesriskexploitingtheclientwith whomtheyhavethe professionalrelationship.Multiplerelationsare anotherrolein theclientslifeotherthan theprofessionalrole,a relationshipwitha closerelativeorfriendof theclientora promiseto havea relationshipwith theclientin future(ACA, 2014).A.5.d.Counselorsareprohibitedfrom havinganyprofessionalcounseling with familymembersandfriendssince theywill not be objective.A.5.e.counselorsareprohibitedfrom havinganypersonalvirtualrelationshipswiththe currentrelationship.Standardof careA.1.d.SupportnetworkinvolvementCounselorsmust recognizethesupportnetworksin theclient’slifeandthusenlistthem whennecessarywith theconsentof theclient.A.4.a.Counselorshavetheresponsibilityof ensuringthattheclients,trainees andresearchparticipantshaveminimizedorarenot exposedto anyharm(ACA, 2014).

A.4.b.Counselors havetheobligationto ensurethattheydonot altersomeone beliefs,values,attitudes,andbehaviorsby forcingthem to adopttheirs. Theyshould respectthediversityof others.BoundariesA.6.Managing and maintaining boundariesA.6.b. Counselorsare prohibitedfrom attendinganyclient’sceremoniessuchas weddingexcept under informedconsent,supervision,andconsultationanddocumented to avoidimpairedjudgment.A.6.c.Allboundariesextendedshould beofficiallydocumented.A.5.a.Sexualandorromanticrelationshipsareprohibitedbetween counselors–clientinteractionsA.5.b.Counselorsareprohibitedfrom havingclientswhoare pastsexualandorromanticrelationship.A.5.c.Counselorsshould not havesexualandorromanticrelationshipwith formerclients,clientspouses,ormembersof theclientfamiliesfora periodof five yearsfollowingthelastprofessionalcontact.Suchrelationshipsare termed exploitive to theclient.Thisimpliesthatbothphysicalandelectronicrelationship(ACA, 2015).

TerminationA.11.a.Counselorscannot abandontheir clientsin counseling andare alsoobligedto makenecessaryarrangementsfora continuumof treatmentin caseof illness(ACA, 2015).A.11.b. Counselorsshould not enterinto counseling orcontinuewith anycounseling that is unableto giveprofessionalservices.Incaseclientsrefuseto adhere to professionalreferrals theprofessionalrelationshipshould be discontinued.A.11.c.Counselorsshould terminatethecounseling relationshipwhentheclientnolongerneedassistance,nolongerbenefitsoris harmedby continuedcounseling. Counselorsshould alsoterminatethecounseling iftheyfeelitis harmingtheclientora personinvolvedwith theclient.Whenthe pretermnationisgiven,counselorsshould recommendthenecessaryservices(ACA, 2014).Texasstateboardof professionalcounseling

Theguidelines of professionaltherapeuticservicesandcodeof ethicsarecontainedin thesubchapter c of theTexas administrativecodes.Standardof careS801.43 professionalrepresentation

Acounselorisprohibitedfrom offeringanymisleading, deceptiveorexaggeratedinformationabout theclient.Dualrelationship

S801.44The relationship between the counselor and the client shouldonlybe maintainedatthe professionallevel. Thetherapist should informtheclientof theprofessionalboundariessuchas nocoffeedates.Atherapist should avoida non-therapeuticrelationshipwith clientsandformerclients.Acounselorshould avoidanyformof relationshipwith client’sfriendsandrelatives.Boundaries

S801.44.aThe counselor-clientismaintainedatthe professionallevel. S801.45.3.ASexualand romanticrelationshipare prohibitedandevenpenalizedwhentheyoccur.Termination

S801.44.pThetherapist shouldterminatetheprofessionalrelationshipwhentheyrealizetheclientis not benefitingfrom it.Thetherapist should forwardthem to anyfurthermedicalcounseling iftheyrequire(ACA 2015

Reactionandaction

Inconclusion,thisassignmenthas beenveryeducative. Thevideo has exposedme to thereallifesituationwhichcounselorsoutthereface.Counseling is a taskthat requiresthe useof intellectualmindwhilehandling.Clientsare sometimessodifficultto handle,anda counselormight not be awareof whentheyare crossinga boundarylinewith them. Sothecounselorsshould trytheir bestto maintaintheboundariesstatedforthem in theAmerican counseling association.Asa professionalcounselorwill trymy bestto adhere to theguidelines of theAmerican Counseling Association by maintainingtheboundaries,standardof care,avoidingdualrelationshipsandterminatingtheprofessionalcounseling whenitis timeto.I will workandattaintherequirementsof theTexas statebodyprofessionalcounselingandmaintaintherequirementsalways.

References

AmericanCounseling Association (2014). 2014ACA Code of Ethics. Retrievedfrom:

https://www.txca.org/images/2014-aca-code-of-ethics.pdf

AmericanCounseling Association (2015). TheACA encyclopedia of counseling.Hoboken : John Wiley &amp Sons.