Pseudoephedrine

PSEUDOEPHEDRINE 5

DrugCategory

is a decongestant type of a drug. It is used in relieving a stuffynose as well as sinus pain or pressure that is caused by an infectionlike the flu or a common cold (Silk,2004).

Dosage

Thepatients between two and five years should take an immediate releaseof 15 mg of in every 6 hours. They can also take asustained release suspension of between 12.5 to 25 mg orally in every12 hours. The maximum recommended dose for this kind of patients is60 mg/day. Patients between 6 years and 12 years are required to takean immediate-release dose of 30 mg in every 6 hours. They can also besubjected to a sustained release dose of between 25 to 50 mg orallyin every 12 hours (PharmaceuticalSociety of Australia., &amp Australia, 2006).The maximum daily dose recommended for the patients in this bracketis 120 mg per day. For patients over 12 years the recommended dose is30 to 60 mg in every 4 to 6 hours as an immediate release. The dosefor a sustained release of this kind of patients is 120 mg in every12 hours. The recommended dose for a sustained release suspension is50 to 100 mg in every 12 hours. Maximum daily dose for this kind ofpatients is 240 mg per day.

Duration

should not be taken for a longer duration than seven days (Silk,2004).

Indications

relieves nasal congestion temporarily that results from common hayfever, cold or any other upper respiratory allergy. It also relievespressure and sinus congestion temporarily (Silk,2004).

Contraindications

is not recommended for children who are under the age of 12 years.All the patients&nbspwho can be found suffering from high bloodpressure closed angle glaucoma, enlarged prostate, overactive whocannot empty their bladder, diabetic, with severe diseases of Heartarteries should not use (PharmaceuticalSociety of Australia., &amp Australia, 2006).

Precautions

Sudafedcan cause dizziness which can be severe if one takes alcohol orcertain medicines. It is not recommendable to drive or carry outother unsafe tasks unless one has understood how he or she reacts tothis drug. If the condition fails to improve in 7 days of usingSudafed, one should check with the doctor. If the patient is havingtrouble sleeping, he or she should ask the doctor for the best timeto take the medicine (Silk,2004).One should not take more dose than what has been recommended or for alonger duration than the one that have been recommended.

Oneshould not use appetite control or diet medicine when taking Sudafedwithout seeking advice from the doctor. Sudafed can interfere certainlab tests and hence one should reveal to the lab personnel that he istaking Sudafed. Reveal to the doctor that you are taking Sudafedbefore receiving surgery, emergency care, dental or medical care.Sudafed should not be used by children of less than six years.Sudafed can affect blood sugar of Diabetes patients and hence thelevels of blood sugar need to be closely checked first(PharmaceuticalSociety of Australia., &amp Australia, 2006).To the elderly, Sudafed should be taken with caution in the elderlysince they can show increased sensitivity to the medicine’seffects. It is not recommendable to breast feed when taking Sudafedwhile pregnant women need to check with the doctor first before usingit (PharmaceuticalSociety of Australia., &amp Australia, 2006).

Sideeffects

Sudafedcan cause side effects which can manifest in different ways such asallergic reactions, breathing difficulty, swelling lips, face,throat, or tongue. It can also cause severe anxiety or dizzinesspounding, fast or uneven heartbeat. It can also cause dangerous highblood pressure and easy bleeding or bruising, fever, unusualweakness, flu symptoms, chills as well as body aches. Patients shouldseek emergency services if they face such effects (Silk,2004).&nbsp

References

PharmaceuticalSociety of Australia, &amp Australia. (2006).&nbsp:Presentation for pharmacy support staff.Curtin, A.C.T.: Pharmaceutical Society of Australia.

Silk,A. (2004).&nbspEffectof pseudoephedrine and a combination of pseudoephedrine and caffeineon muscular strength and psychomotor performance in young active men.