Atfirst, skyscrapers were considered not as symbols, but as a solutionto limited space. The importance of skyscrapers is that they makemost out of land by achieving the highest possible return. In thelate 19thcentury, skyscrapers become the symbol of economic might mostly inChicago and New York. Even today, skyscrapers are symbol of Americanmight to many Americans citizens.
Thepresenceof theskyscraperhas beenagreatachievementin theUnitedState.Thishasbeenone of thesignificantcontributionsof architecturaldesignin theUnited State.Thepresenceof thisbuildingindicatessignsof leadershipdevelopmentandwealth.Amajorchallengeemergedduring theconstructionof thisskyscraperwherethecostof construction.There wasalsoa problemof appropriatedesignto be used.
Thehomeinsurancebuildingemergedto be thefirstskyscraperbuildingthat wasbuiltin Chicago. Thebuildingwasbuilt with 10-storey. In 1884, thisbuildingwasopenedas thetallestbuildingandwasnamedas theskyscraper.Thebuildingwas198 footandwasdesignedby an engineernamedas William Le Baron Jenney (Domosh,1988).Jenney developeda particulartypeof elevatorthat would helpin loadthestonewithout droppingthem andwithout anydamaging thosewhowereinvolvedin theconstructionprocess.Hedesignedthebuildingusingsteelmetalframein theinternalpartof thebuildingtogetherwith wroughtiron.Thisprovideda strongsupportto theexternalwall.
In1889, anotherskyscraperwasdevelopedstillin Chicago butthistimewith a morerivetedformof technology. Thedevelopmenttowerwentonandon adaptingto newandolderdesigns(Rubin,1989).With time,thetechnicalchallengethat significantly affectedtheconstructionof thisskyscraperwereresolved.Chicago becamethecenterofskyscrapersandby 1893 theyhadconstructedtwelve towerswhoseliesbetween 16 and19-storey. Thisskyscraperhada greatsignificantsince theyactedas a sourceof touristattraction.Theywereconstructedin such a waythattheupperfloorsdesignedin an attractivewayto attractmoretouristto therightside.Theywould exploremostlyfrom 17th to 19-storey.However,due to thepresenceof muddysoilin Chicago andtheuseof steel-frame designedmostof theskyscraperswerelimitedto 17-storey(Holleran,1996).
Thefreemason of Chicago builtthemostpopularskyscraperwastheMasonic Temple. Thatwasin 1893. Theskyscraperhad136 footwith 19-storey.ThisMasonic could hostvariousshopsprivatesuiteandmeetinghallsthat could holdup to 1300 peoples(Conzen,2001).TheFreemason builtthisskyscraperwith theaimof competingwith their rivalstheOdd Fellows, whointendedto builda tallertowerthat could goup to 536 foot.However,theOld fellow’sprojectdidnot succeed.
Intermsof technology, New York wasfarmuchbehind.By thetimethe20th skyscraperwasbuiltin Chicago, New York hadonlyfour. Thesmallgrowthof skyscrapersin New York wasdueto theslowrateof authoritieswhowerein chargeof authorizingthementalframeconstructionTechniques. After theconstructionof Tower buildingby Bradford Gilbert that hadup to 11-storey,New York wasencouragedto constructmoreskyscrapers.TheNew York hadto be verycarefulwith thetechnology theyusein thebuildingthisskyscrapers(Moudry,2005).Thesuccessof skyscraperwasdemonstratedin thelatecenturywhenNew York constructedtheAmerican Surety Building that had20-storeywith 303foot. Thisheightwasbeyond Chicago’s highestskyscraperlimit.Thisskyscraperwaspublishedin New York magazine,andmoretowerswereconstructedin New York.
Chicagoadopted the idea of building skyscrapers, before the New York.Administration in charge of New York were cautious in theconstruction of towers. After the construction of the Gilbert tower,they encouraged construction of skyscrapers. Today New York is knownas skyscraper city. The skyscraper is as result of New York’simportance as a major commercial center. New York is most importantcommercial center in North America. With the growth of the commercecomes with the construction of buildings. New York constructed thehighest buildings permitted by the available technology that is howNew York become the classic skyscraper city.
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