SOCIAL ISSUES 5
Thegovernment should provide security for its citizens. This is becauseof several reasons. First, security involves a lot of investment andonly the government has the machinery to provide as a service.Secondly, security is too sensitive to be left into the hands of theprivate sector and hence the reason why the government should providesecurity. However, over the recent years the state of security haschanged with the emergence of terrorism in the world. The governmentis grappling with new security issues and therefore there is the needto involve the society in community policing(Beck,Giddens, & Lash, 1994).In this essay, the author will discuss the debate of whether thegovernment or the citizens should be involved in cooperating inproviding security. The author will also highlight several theorieswhich are relevant to political and social order such as the problemsolving approach and critical theory. Finally, the author will lookinto the subject of ethics in individuals when it comes to governmentrequirements.
Thegovernment of a particular country is mandate to provide security forits citizens after all that is the primary objective of thegovernment in the first place. Security is a complex and expensiveaffair which cannot be left in the hands of the private sector as itinvolves a lot of things. For instance, the government is responsiblefor providing the budget for security which involves lots of money.In addition, the government is also required to perform therecruitment of security personnel which is a sensitive process as theface of the nation has to be represented in the security force.However, the world has changed and new security challenges haveemerged such as terrorism. Terrorism is a new threat to world peaceand only government intervention cannot be enough in combating thethreat. Therefore, new tactics and strategies have to be put in placein order to address such a challenge. One of the proposed challengesthat have been suggested is the use of community policing whichinvolves the society in volunteering information to the government’ssecurity apparatus. Community policing for instance ensures that thecommunity participates in providing security for its citizens. Forexample, the community is supposed to provide information to therelevant authorities on news about any suspicious activities in theirneighborhood. This is especially crucial because the governmentcannot only have all the intelligence necessary to combat activitiessuch as terrorism and requires the participation of its citizens inproviding some information which can complement the government’sefforts. Therefore, the citizens have a role to play in security asit should not be left to the government due to emerging issues thatare posing to be a challenge to security.
Severaltheories have been put across as far as social and political ordermatters are concerned. However, this essay will just discuss justthree theories. The problem solving approach takes the world as itis. In other words, it takes the prevailing social and politicalrelationships in which institutions are organized and theirrespective frameworks. The problem solving theory seeks to helpinstitutions work together to provide solutions as the name of thetheory suggests. The problem solving approach does not seek toquestion the relationship and pattern of institutions and it onlyseeks to solve the issue at hand. In this case, the issue isproviding security for its citizens. Therefore, the government wouldinvolve its residents in providing voluntary information for thegovernment so as to enhance security in the country. The secondtheory is the critical theory. Critical theory does not takeinstitutions for granted as the problem solving approach does butquestions the origin of institutions and whether introducing theelement of change might help in making the situation better. Criticaltheory is a traditional theory that is concerned with the past aswell as the continuing process of change. In addition, the theoryalso seeks to understand the whole process of change. For instance,the theory seeks to understand why a change is security apparatus isnecessary and how it might impact the situation if the community isinvolved in the process(Cox,2009).Thesocial contract theory proposes that all men are born free and areequal. Proponents of the social contract theory include: ThomasHobbes and Jean Jacques Rousseau. According to Thomas Hobbes,societies were established as a way of protecting themselves from theown consequences and rights had to be surrendered to an authority incommand since every man is an enemy to another man. Jean Rousseau wasa French man who believed that man in his natural state is a savageand lived a life of idyllic happiness and primitive simplicity.Man did not know right from wrong and it is only through a socialcontract that men could surrender their will when they become amember of the society.
Thegovernment cannot operate in the vacuum as the citizens must beinvolved in government decisions. In other words, there is a thinline between the government and its citizens. Therefore, it isunethical for its citizens to withhold information from thegovernment especially one that revolves around the subject ofsecurity. It is unfortunate for the citizens to ignore governmentrequirement to cooperate in security issues because this would puteveryone at risk including the citizens themselves(Cerami& Engel, 2010).
Inconclusion, the subject of security is too sensitive to be left atthe hands of the public however emerging issues such as security havemade security a public issue and not a government issue. Thereforecitizens’ involvement through community policing is crucial in anage where terrorism is an issue of concern. Citizens are required toprovide some level of assistance to the government in order toimprove security in the country.
Beck,U., Giddens, A., & Lash, S. (1994). ReflexiveModernization: Politics, Tradition and Aesthetics in the ModernSocial Order.Redwood City: Stanford University Press.
Cerami,J. R., & Engel, J. A. (2010). RethinkingLeadership and "whole of Government" National SecurityReform: Problems, Progress, and Prospects.Strategic Studies Institute.
Cox,R. W. (2009). Social Forces, States and World Orders: BeyondInternational Relations Theory. Journalof International Studies,126-155.