‘’Thereare people in this world so hungry, that God cannot appear to themexcept in the form of bread.’’ Mahatma Gandhi. Poverty is acondition where people are unable to meet their basic needs forexample food. However, poverty is much more than lack of money. It isshocking that according to World Bank statistics 2.8 billion peoplelive on less than two U.S dollars per day.
Theinterest on this topic is due to the rapid widespread of povertyglobally. The increasing number of deaths as a result of povertycalls for an in depth inquiry into this issue. Crime and terrorismhave also been attributed to poverty. Infectious diseases continue tospread among the poor. Unemployment and lack of education in thedeveloping countries is mainly leading to poverty .Poor people areunable to access basic necessities thus passing on poverty from onegeneration to another. The wide gap between the rich and the poorhas led to discrimination among the low earners bringing instabilityin the society.
Themain purpose of this research paper is to dig deeper on theunderstanding of poverty, key causes and its effects on the societyas we derive some remedies to this problem. Diseases, crime anddeaths are three key issues related to poverty and tend to affectmany people in the society.
Accordingto UNICEF, twenty two thousand children die each year quietly in someof the poorest villages in the world due to poverty. Paul C, (2007)argues that poverty is often related to poor quality of healthservices which in turn becomes a major cause of deaths .A woman diesevery two minutes in developing countries due to complications duringpregnancy and childbirth. Only a few women in these regions are in aposition to receive the necessary medical attention.
David.L, (1998) argues that poverty causes early death thus it would not besurprising if we found higher death rates in places with peopleearning low income. (p.14). people lack means to satisfy their basicneeds essential for their survival. Countries with higher incomeinequality spends less money on provision of public services likehealth and education which are key pillars of a stable society
AbhijitB. & Esther D. (2011) expresses that Diseases of poverty are aterm used to explain diseases, disabilities and health conditionsthat affect the poor more than the rich. Infectious diseases dominatethe lives of the poor across the world. (Pp. 49) At the global levelthere are three primary poverty related diseases commonly known asHIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis. Childhood diseases which aretreatable have also continued to spread in poor countries despite theavailability of cures for example, measles and polio. Africa has thehighest number of malaria infections and deaths. Children who arepoor have illiterate mothers and so they are likely to die from it.
Jeffreysach (2005), states that lack of nutrients like iodine and iron thatis malnutrition, lack of clean water and improper sanitation in,increases spread of HIV aided by poverty. This increases theirchances of constricting HIV due to low immune system. According toEileen S. (2005) victims HIV/AIDS cannot provide labor due to lowimmune system (Pp.95). Therefore, it is evident that poverty is acontributing factor to spread of HIV/AIDS.
Inequalityand Crime by Morgan Kelly (2000) states that places with higherincome inequality have less affordable houses for the general publicresulting to overcrowding a cause of many diseases hence highmortality rate.
Awide gap between the rich and poor contributes to higher death rateby producing a generally undesirable social climate that’s morestressful. Henry George in his book progressand poverty (1879),focuses on the questions of why poverty hinders economic andtechnological progress. This displays why economies of poor countriesremains at a subsistence level. George uses history and deductivelogic to argue for a radical solution to the problems caused bypoverty. Poor people always have unanswered questions on unfairnessof life since others have plenty and they have nothing and thisstress takes them to the grave.
Tuberculosisis a great cause of deaths in the world especially in sub-SaharanAfrica and Latin America. It is associated with lifestyles of poverty–overcrowding, alcoholism, stress, drug addiction and lack ofbalanced diet. HIV and tuberculosis are strictly tied since either ofthem increases the chances of contracting the other thus causingdeath.
“Poverty”,wrote Aristotle is the parent of crime meaning lack of adequateincome leads one to perform undesirable actions. Lawrence .D. Bobo,(2009) indicates that for a government to deal with crime effectivelyit has to keenly deal with poverty. Crime hinders development inbusinesses and brings instability. Poverty leaves people with onlytwo choices either to engage in criminal activities or try to findlimited legal sources of income. Poverty is tied with violence anddrug abuse which leads to increase in crimes.
Incomeinequalities plays a major role in contributing to crime since theless earning become aggressive as they fight the income disparitiesresulting to violent crime. Given the clear relationship betweencrime and poverty, tackling the problem of crime has to start withpoverty reduction.
Inconclusion, this research paper aims at a better understanding ofpoverty and its relationship to various issues. It examines the causeof poverty especially in developing countries and trying to offersolutions to this problem. Poverty reduction can be possible throughthe following ways
Firstly,offering quality education. Education tends to reduce crime becausethe more time you spend in school the less violent and destructiveyou become. Without education, poverty will be passed on from onegeneration to the other. With education, children will realize theirpotentials and develop themselves thereby breaking the chains ofpoverty.
Secondly,access to health care, clean water and proper sanitation to stop therapid spread of poverty related diseases. Health dispensaries,latrines and community water points should be constructed and wellmanaged.
Thirdly,it’s establishing effective welfare system. Strong and stablewelfare is a factor of poverty reduction. Simply, when people havegood relations in the society where the rich assist the poor the endto poverty will be realized. This will enable provision of qualitypublic services to both the rich and the poor.
Finally,creation of job opportunities and provision of adequate training andskills to enable people be self-independent thus curb poverty in thesociety. Therefore, poverty reduction should be strictly a long termplan. The government and other stakeholders should provide a clearplan of effectively and efficiently dealing with poverty.
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