STUDENTS` TUTOR

Existentialism Philosophy

STUDENTS’

TUTOR:

FriedrichNietzsche believes in the following instincts as a form of livingother than virtue which makes human beings weak. Christianityadvocates for virtuousness in human beings. Friedrich believes thatvirtue must be our own invention it must come from within us andhelp us survive. It’s a source of danger since it does not haveroots in our life threat. Most Christian virtues come from therespect of virtue itself. These Christian virtues do not have rootsin our life threats we follow them because they are handed down ortaught to us. A nation goes to pieces when it mistakes its duty withthe general concept of duty. The laws of self-preservation and growthdo not allow for virtue. Self-preservation follows natural selection.

Christianityis regarded as a religion of pity. Pity transmits the suffering ofone person to another. It multiplies the suffering a thousand fold.It prevents the whole concept of evolution which is the rule ofnatural selection. Life which should be destroyed is preserved. Weaklife continues to conquer which is in different from ‘’higherman’s’’ ways. This higher man is one who is guided by instinctsalone. He has no place for virtue in himself. Pity is the foundationof all other virtues. It gives way to kindness, goodness, forgivenessand love which have no root in our lives. This makes the existence ofhigher man impossible.

Accordingto Friedrich, Christian theologists regard themselves as optimists.These idealists claim to rise above reality and look upon it withsuspicion. They carry all sorts of arrogant concepts in their handsand present them with a lot of disapproval against understandinghonor, and good-living. These idealists are accepted as a highervariety of man. They represent the truth according to Christianswhich is viewed to be wrong. Friedrich Nietzsche hates the idealistsfor this notion and in turn he goes ahead to hate the christians whohave accepted these idealists. Christian theologists are arrogant andhave wrong perceptions of truth which are passed on to Christians whofollow them blindly.

Christiantheologians mistake between true and false according to him. Whateveris most damaging to life is called true. Whatever raises it,strengthens it, approves it, justifies it and makes it triumphant istherefore called false according to Nietzsche. The wrong perceptionof truth goes on to produce a condition called faith which in itselfis a virtue with no roots thus Friedrich already hates it. He definesfaith as closing one`s eyes upon one`s self once for all, to avoidsuffering the sight of incurable falsehood. Christians create aconcept of morality, virtue and holiness based on faith. They come upwith ‘God’, ‘salvation’ and ‘eternity’ based on faith.

FriedrichNietzsche believes in reality and actuality. He believes that ifsomething exists it can be sensed by living things. Christianmorality and actuality on the other hand have no reality oractuality. It offers unreal causes like God, soul, spirit and will,imaginary effects like sin, salvation, grace and punishment, made-uppsychology like the misunderstanding of self and imagined theologylike the kingdom of God. There is no evidence of any of these thingsexisting thus they are all fiction and contrary to the beliefs ofFriedrich Nietzsche.

Nietzschebelieves that a ‘god’ should have all attributes of a human beingin order to understand why man does what he does or makes thedecisions that he makes. A god should have all qualities whether bador good, be it love or hatred, kindness or anger, pity and disliking.If a god does not see both sides of the coin he would not understandwhy humans do what they do and might go on to pass unfair judgments.The Christian God is a good God only. He has no bad side. He has nohatred. He understands goodness only hence Nietzsche is not satisfiedwith him.

Bothphilosophical booksThe Antichristand Human,all too Humanare all works of Friedrich Nietzsche which focus on mattersconcerning truth and untruths. Human,all too Humantalks about lies and convictions. Convictions come from lies whichhave been there for a long time. According to him, whatever was a lieto a father becomes a conviction to the son. This means that whenlies are passed on from one generation to another they becomeconvictions which are enemies of truth according to him. They make aman impartial about nothing. They prevent him from seeing many thingsincluding the truth. This is the same case with virtues in his bookTheAntichrist.Virtues are passed on from father to son, generation to generations,just like lies and convictions. Virtues also hinder one from seeingthe truth, just like beliefs. Man follows these virtues without anygrounds as to why he should follow them. Both virtues and convictionshave no roots in man’s life in that they are just there to befollowed. In the end they interfere with evolution and the law ofnatural selection.

Inthe book Human,all too human,Nietzsche also talks about truth and lies. Priests claim that theydon’t lie according to him. They claim to only speak the truth butman cannot speak the truth if he does not know it. Truth is toocomplex for man to comprehend. Priests are already lying if theyclaim to speak the truth according to this book. In Theantichristthe concept of truth and lies is also discussed. Christiantheologians play the role of priests in speaking the truth since theyhave the responsibility of teaching Christians about the truth.According to Friedrich Nietzsche, the truth that these theologiansspeak is not real or actual. Their truth is reflected through honor,good-living, God among other things whose evidence does not exist. Inboth books, man is being misled by priests and Christian theologianswho claim to know the truth while they are both mouthpieces of God.

FriedrichNietzsche distinguishes between Jesus of Nazareth and Christ. Hebelieves that Jesus of Nazareth and Christ are two differentindividuals. According to him Jesus of Nazareth was a Jew by birth.He underwent all Jewish rites of passage like dedication,circumcision and Passover festivities. His mother and father wereJews so he was a Jew even by blood. When Jesus of Nazareth took upthe role of being Christ, the son of God, he went against everythingthat was Jewish. Christ rejected the whole Jewish doctrine ofrepentance and atonement. Christ therefore becomes different fromJesus of Nazareth. He offered no resistance to those who stoodagainst him according to Nietzsche’s book TheAntichrist.He treated Jews and Gentiles equally which was against Jewishtradition as it did not allow for Jews to be treated same asGentiles. Christ went against this law too.

Friedrichalso speaks about the concept of Christ as the son of God. Accordingto him, Christ cannot be identified as a person or concreteindividual in history but He is just psychological fact realizedsince the concept of time. This is also true in the case of God andhis kingdom. On the other hand, Jesus of Nazareth can be identifiedas a concrete individual in history since he was born and died at acertain time. He had his share of experience which can be identifiedand written down therefore this separates Christ from Jesus ofNazareth according to this concept.

Healso distinguishes them because he believes Christ did not die forour sins. Christians claim that God sent Christ to die on the crossfor other peoples sins. Nietzsche claims that this is not logical.Why would God give his own son for the sake of human beings? God doesnot owe us anything so as to give his only son for our sins. We infact should be the ones giving up things for God since we are theones who go against the will of God time and time again withoutpunishment or consequence according to Nietzsche. Jesus of Nazarethon the other hand suffered, was persecuted and died for his sins butnot for other people’s.

References

Nietzsche,Friedrich.(1954): TheAntichrist, ThePortable Nietzsche,Penguin.

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