Teen Pregnancy In Baltimore

TEEN PREGNANCY IN BALTIMORE 5

TeenPregnancy In Baltimore

Thereare variousimportantpublichealthconcernsin thedifferentregionsin theUnited States of America. Mostof theseissueshavea nationaleffectalthoughtheyhavepronouncedeffectson differentlocalcommunities.Teenagebirthsare a majorissuein publichealth,anditcontinuesto receivea lotof interestfrom both thefederalandnationalgovernment.One localcommunitywheretheundesirabletrendhas deeprootsis Baltimore in Maryland. Thelocality’steen pregnancyis farmuchhigherthan thenationalaverage,andpublichealthofficialstakeitas an outlyingregionin needof customized programsto reversethegrowingtrend.

Thenumberof teenagersgivingbirtheveryyearmakesup to 12% of all themothersin the city.Thetrendis attributable to poverty,highschooldropoutsanda notablelevel of peerinfluence.Povertyforceschildrenout of schoolandtheyfindsolace in thestreetswheretheygetan earlysexualorientation.Theproblemdatesbackto the1960s whenthewholecountrybeganto feelits slightpinch.During thistime,therelevantnationalandfederalgovernmentsdidnot giveitenoughattentionsince itwasnot a priorityforpublichealth.However,as theyearsprogressed,manystatesfounditdifficultto burytheir headsin thesandandlivepretensethatallwaswellin thesociety(The Abel Foundation, 2014). They,therefore,developedprogramsandmeasuresto revertthenumberof teenagersgivingbirthbefore their twentieth birthday.Theresponsewasslowin Baltimore due to theslowreactionby thehealthdepartmentandthevulnerability of thechildrendue to economicdisenfranchisement.

However,after acceptingtheproblemas a socialnuisancein thelate1970s, thecommunityhas becomeresponsive,andthere is a significantreductionin theratesof teenagepregnancy.In 2009 and2010, thepercentageof teenagers whogavebirthamounted to 64.4% and53.3% respectively.Thefollowingtwo yearsalsoexhibiteda declineandas at 2013, thepopulationof teens whogavebirthstoodat 43.4%. Thepositivetrendis attributable to thecomprehensiveapproachin thesocialarenainvolvingvariouskeystakeholders (Cohn &amp McDaniels, 2015).

Thevicehas impactednegatively on thecommunityin severalways.First,there is a highschooldropoutamong theteens. Whentheygetpregnant,a tiecomeswhentheyhaveto opt to stayat homeanddeliver.Thechancesof re-enrolling are veryminimalbearingI mindthestringenteconomicconditionsof mosthouseholdsin theregion.On thesamenote,there is a batchof teen that dropsfrom schooldue to variousreasonsapartfrom beingpregnant.Unfortunately,theyare morelikelyto getpregnantthan thosewhostayin schooldue to theincreasedtimeof exposuretheygetwhenat home.

Themajorconsequentialresultsare marriagefoundedon naïve decisionsanddesperatemoves.Theyounggirlsandtheir youngpartnersembarkon a dangerousjourneyof familyresponsibility.At thisage,their psychologicaldevelopmentis at riskandthefrustrationsleadto casesof suicide.Theissueis expectantin itself, anditgivesriseto a myriad of otherhealthissuesin thecommunity.Thesocietylosessomebrightmindsthat could transformthecity.Thosewhodonot getabsorbedin marriagesaddon to theburdenof their parentsdue to theincreasedamountsof feedandspecializedcareof themotherandthebaby.

Bythefactthattheyare sexually activethattheir counterpartsin theotherstates,Baltimore teens exhibitincreasedcasesof sexually transmittedinfections.Asa measureof creatingawarenesson sexeducation,thecityhealthdepartmentincursextracoststo supportadvertisementsandin theprovisionof drugsto thevictims.

Thecommunity’sreactiontowards thisissuein thepastfewyearsis effectiveandcommendable.Thecity’shealthdepartmenthas beenon thefrontline to providenecessaryservicesto teenagersby formingtheTeen Pregnancy Prevention Initiative in (TPPI) 2011 (Cohn &ampMcDaniels, 2015). Thestakeholder offersmedicalcarein schools,sexeducationandcheapaccessto hospitalsin thecity.Theofficealsogivescheapfamily-planning methodsandinformation,andtheresponsehas beenverypositive.Thedepartmentworkstogetherwith thestatelawofficethat makesfollow-ups incasesof irresponsiblefatherswhoimpregnateteens andgounderground.There is a customized movementdubbedTeen Health that disseminatesinformationto theyoungpeopleon howto escapethepangsof pregnancy.Its messagesare commonin schoolandsidewalksin spraywritingsandbanners.

Anothermajorcommunityinitiativeis the“Know What You Want” campaignthat bringsteenagerstogetherandaidsthem to contemplateon their livesleadingto themakingof sounddecisions.Theparentshavealsobecomecooperativein allowingtheuseof familyplanningmethodsfortheir childrenandtheyassistthehealthcampaigners to reachout to their households(Cohn &amp McDaniels, 2015).

Thecity’shealthdepartmentaimsto reducethatprevalenceto 20% by theendof thisyear.Theyare a bitbehind scheduleseeingthatthecurrentrateis 43%. Hestatesaveragepercentageof teenagepregnancyis 19% lowerthan thenationalthat standsat 24% (Cohn &amp McDaniels, 2015). Thelocalprevalenceis, therefore,closeto twice thatof thenation.Forthisreason,itis an importantpublichealthissue.

References

Cohn,M. &amp McDaniels, A. (2015, February 24). Teen pregnancies inBaltimore drop by a third. TheBaltimore Sun.Retrieved fromhttp://www.baltimoresun.com/health/maryland-health/bs-hs-teen-pregnancy-20150224-story.html

Gray,F. (2015, February 24). Baltimore Teen’s Pregnancy Rate Drops.MarylandNews.Retrieved fromhttps://www.google.com/search?q=baltimore+teen+pregnancy-+the+new+york+timees&ampie=utf-8&ampoe=utf-8#q=baltimore+teen+pregnancy+newsTheAbel Foundation. (2014). BaltimoreCity Health Department Teen Pregnancy Prevention Program.Retrieved fromhttp://www.abell.org/case-studies/baltimore-city-health-department-%E2%80%93-teen-pregnancy-prevention-program