Teenage Pregnancy

TEENAGE PREGNANCY 6

TeenagePregnancy

Today,many teenage girls have unplanned pregnancies. Compared with adults,teenage pregnancy may be associated with extra short-term andlong-term health risks since most teens usually seek prenatal careservices at advanced stages. Risks to the teenage mother includepremature delivery, high blood pressure, and other complicationswhile the baby may suffer from a low birth weight. Mostsignificantly, the society as well as parents requires understandingof the contributing factors to teen pregnancies, in order to dealwith teenage pregnancies. Thus, teenage pregnancy can be reducedthrough a combined effort in a community.

Question1

Teenagepregnancy is an extensive topic involving studies associated with sexeducation, education for teen moms, prevention and birth control, aswell as the link between teenage pregnancies and TV coverage ofsexual content. This paper will try to answer five teenage pregnancyquestions including what is Teenage pregnancy? What are the causes ofteenage pregnancy? What is the effect of teenage pregnancy oneducation? How can teenage pregnancy be reduced? How can parentsprevent their teen children from becoming parents?

Question2

Teenagepregnancy has become an increasing societal problem. A majority ofteenagers in America are sexually active, and this has led to highdropout rates. Most teen mothers do not return to complete theireducation and most end up in poverty, thus a motivation for choosingthis topic. Furthermore, there is inadequate class performance andhigh rates of teenage pregnancy in my local state. Teenage pregnancyhas a tremendous economic impact in term of welfare costs andMedicaid.

Amajority of parents in the modern world evade talking to theirchildren about sex. In some cases, the parents give false informationconcerning sex, in order to discourage them from participating in it. Teenage pregnancy causes are multi-factors and include lack ofproper parental guidance, socio-economic factors and adolescentsexual behavior such as the use of illegal substances. Anothercontributing factor of teenage pregnancy is peer pressure. As aresult, this has encouraged most teenage girls and boys to engage insexual activities. Socio-economic factors are contributing factors ofteenage pregnancy where teenage girls from poor families have a hugeprobability of becoming pregnant while at school (Raymond, 1990).

Question3

Inmy point of view, Teen pregnancies have declined compared tohistorical figures due to increased use of contraceptives. Moreover,abstinences campaigns, sexuality education and youth developmentprograms have made a positive impact on the prevention of teenagepregnancy. In this era of globalization, teens should have access toaccurate information about protection from unplanned pregnancies,abstinence and contraception use. Therefore, teenagers should notfall victim to this problem.

Onthe other hand, attaining education is crucial for adolescents andthose with high educational aspirations should not be involved insexual activities. In fact educated youth should not give birth whilestill in high school, but wait until marriage(O’Connor, 1999).

Question4

Dueto its dire consequences teenage pregnancy should be addressed. Infact, the burdens associated with teenage childbearing areundeniable. Health problems associated with teenage pregnancies maybe further compounded by the use of drugs and alcohols because mostteens recognize they are pregnant later compared to adults. Researchshows that a majority of pregnant teenagers are at higher risks ofengaging in drug abuse and binge drinking especially in their earlystages of pregnancies. Regrettably, the children they give birth toalso are at a higher risk of attaining education. The adverse outcomeof early teen pregnancy includes poverty, unemployment, lowself-esteem, and educational failures.

However,early intervention strategies and programs can be used to helpprevent teenage pregnancy or lower its rate significantly. Indeed,teenage pregnancy is unplanned and approximately 750,000 teenagemothers who end getting pregnant annually do not believe thatengaging in sexual activities will make them parents. Apparently,they engage in these activities in order to fit with their friendswho influence their decisions. Most adolescents view sex as a way tomake them appear sophisticated and cool but in real sense are unawareof the consequences (Raymond, 1990).

Question5

Today,teenage pregnancy in America can be termed as a societal epidemic. Infact, many teens are unaware of the huge responsibilities that comewith raising a child while still young. Clearly, lack of knowledgeor incorrect information from either friends, videos and movies hasrendered most teens incapable of making informed decisions aboutwhether to engage in the activities or not. Additionally, teenagerswho lack proper parental guidance are more likely to become pregnant.

Today,the media and the movie industry try to glamorize pregnancy, and thisencourages teens to engage in reckless sexual activities. Therefore,prevention is important to reduce the long-term effects such asincreased health care, high dropout rates, and unemployment. Can thesociety reduce the rate of teenage pregnancies? Lack of sex educationhas been greatly associated with this problem of teenage pregnancy.Therefore, sex education should be given priority in order to makethe teens aware of its effects. Certainly, if both the community andthe parents work together, they can help to reduce and preventteenage pregnancies.

References

O’Connor,M, L (1999). Academically oriented teenage women have reducedpregnancy risk. FamilyPlanning Perspectives,31 (2) 105-106.

Raymond.C (1990).Researchers: Teenage pregnancy a symptom of societalills. Journal of School Health 62, (7): 310-318.

Teenage Pregnancy

TEENAGE PREGNANCY 5

TeenagePregnancy

TeenagePregnancy

Question1

Accordingto Thompson, teenage birth rates have significantly plummeted overthe last two decades. A decline of 57% of the number of teenspregnant consequently saved the U.S tax payers over $12 billion in2010 and also saw to it that the country reported 4 million lessbirths according to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) (Thompson,2014).However, the U.S still has the highest rates of pregnancies ratesamong developing countries with its teenagers recording birthratesthat are five times that of France and as much as 15 times thatreported in Switzerland. What is ailing the state of teenagepregnancy in America? In this essay, the writer will delve into theissue of teenage pregnancy and discuss some of the main issuesaffecting teenagers in America and chat the way forward on the issue.

Itis estimated that a U.S female teenager becomes pregnant every minutein the country. Studies suggest that out of all these pregnancycases, over 82% of the pregnancies are not planned for. A comparisonmade on American teenagers and European teenagers suggests thatAmerican teens become sexually active at almost the same time astheir European counterparts however, the American start earlier thanthe Europeans and this might explain the higher birthrates. Inaddition, a lack of understanding in sexual matters could be the mostsignificant factor contributing to large number of teenagepregnancies in America. The Centers for Disease Control andPrevention established there were a lot of myths surroundingpregnancies among young Americans. For example, 18% of young males inthe country believe that they cannot get a girl pregnant when havingsex while standing. Teenage girls below the age of 16 could not haveaccess to contraceptives according to the researchers (Kristoff,2014).

Question2

Alack of proper education on sex has been deemed to be the main factorcontributing to teenage pregnancies in America. Most teenagers seemto not even understand where babies come from according to one studyconducted. For example, the state of Mississippi is one of theleading states in the nations as far as teenage pregnancy rates areconcerned but the state had a hard time passing a bill on sexualeducation in school curriculum. This was back in 2009, however, thestate agreed to pass the sex education bill in 2011 and there hasbeen some improvement. Television shows like the MTV’s 16 as wellas pregnant have also been an education tool for teenagers around thecountry. According to the National Bureau of Economic Research, theshow led to a 5.7% decline in teenage pregnancies across the country.The show which premiered in 2009 had over 47 episodes over the yearsand documented the lives of teenagers before and after thepregnancies. The show sparked up conversations about sex such asusing abortion and birth control on Google searches and twitter.

Inthe U.S teens are having sex earlier than other generation beforethem, and there are more likely to have sex without the use ofcontraceptives. Teenage parents are therefore urged to talk to theirteens before their teens engage in sex, after they become sexuallyactive and even after their teens become pregnant. It has been foundout that only a few parents have had a conversation about sex withthe children and therefore parents should spend time with theirteenagers so that they can realize some changes in their behaviors.It is highly recommended that parents have a serious talk about sexwith their teens in matters regarding physical changes and hormonalchanges during puberty. Parents also need to communicate with theirchildren more especially when they discover that their teens aresexually active. This is the hardest things parents discover abouttheir children and it is important that parents sit down and mentionsome of the safe sex practices as well as mention the risks of havingsex without the use of contraceptives to their children.

Finally,Malone suggests that best way to prevent the rising cases of teenagepregnancies in America is through supporting the teenagers (Malone,2014).Most Americans do not realize that children of teenage mothers aremore likely to have teenage children as compared to theirnon-teenagers counterparts. This is because mothers who end up havingchildren often drop out of school after giving birth to theirchildren and this only ends up a vicious circle of poverty within thefamilies. Malone is of the opinion that teenage parents need supportfrom their families and the communities more than ever before so thatthey can at least go back to school and finish their education. Thestigma of going back to school is sometimes too much for teenagemothers and most of them do not wish to go back to school.

Inconclusion, the U.S teenage pregnancies rates in the country havedipped and the trend is likely to continue. However, the teenagersneed more support from their parents and the community and notexpensive public campaigns. Teenagers also require some talk on thesubject of sex from their parents in order to demystify the mythssurrounding sex. Finally, teenagers should have access tocontraceptives as reports show that most teenagers have sex withouttaking any precautions.

References

Kristoff,N. (2014, November 12). Politicians,Teens and Birth Control.Retrieved May 4, 2014, from The New York Times:http://www.nytimes.com/2014/11/13/opinion/nicholas-kristof-politicians-teens-and-birth-control.html?ref=topics&amp_r=0

Malone,G. (2014, April 1). WhenIt Comes to Teen Pregnancy, Support Is Prevention.Retrieved May 4, 2015, from RH Reality Check:http://rhrealitycheck.org/article/2014/04/01/comes-teen-pregnancy-support-prevention/

Thompson,D. (2014, August 20). TeenBirth Rate Has Dropped Dramatically in Last Two Decades: CDC.Retrieved April 4, 2015, from U.S News:http://health.usnews.com/health-news/articles/2014/08/20/teen-birth-rate-has-dropped-dramatically-in-last-two-decades-cdc

Teenage Pregnancy

TEENAGE PREGNANCY 5

TeenagePregnancy

TeenagePregnancy

Question1

Accordingto Thompson, teenage birth rates have significantly plummeted overthe last two decades. A decline of 57% of the number of teenspregnant consequently saved the U.S tax payers over $12 billion in2010 and also saw to it that the country reported 4 million lessbirths according to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) (Thompson,2014).However, the U.S still has the highest rates of pregnancies ratesamong developing countries with its teenagers recording birthratesthat are five times that of France and as much as 15 times thatreported in Switzerland. What is ailing the state of teenagepregnancy in America? In this essay, the writer will delve into theissue of teenage pregnancy and discuss some of the main issuesaffecting teenagers in America and chat the way forward on the issue.

Itis estimated that a U.S female teenager becomes pregnant every minutein the country. Studies suggest that out of all these pregnancycases, over 82% of the pregnancies are not planned for. A comparisonmade on American teenagers and European teenagers suggests thatAmerican teens become sexually active at almost the same time astheir European counterparts however, the American start earlier thanthe Europeans and this might explain the higher birthrates. Inaddition, a lack of understanding in sexual matters could be the mostsignificant factor contributing to large number of teenagepregnancies in America. The Centers for Disease Control andPrevention established there were a lot of myths surroundingpregnancies among young Americans. For example, 18% of young males inthe country believe that they cannot get a girl pregnant when havingsex while standing. Teenage girls below the age of 16 could not haveaccess to contraceptives according to the researchers (Kristoff,2014).

Question2

Alack of proper education on sex has been deemed to be the main factorcontributing to teenage pregnancies in America. Most teenagers seemto not even understand where babies come from according to one studyconducted. For example, the state of Mississippi is one of theleading states in the nations as far as teenage pregnancy rates areconcerned but the state had a hard time passing a bill on sexualeducation in school curriculum. This was back in 2009, however, thestate agreed to pass the sex education bill in 2011 and there hasbeen some improvement. Television shows like the MTV’s 16 as wellas pregnant have also been an education tool for teenagers around thecountry. According to the National Bureau of Economic Research, theshow led to a 5.7% decline in teenage pregnancies across the country.The show which premiered in 2009 had over 47 episodes over the yearsand documented the lives of teenagers before and after thepregnancies. The show sparked up conversations about sex such asusing abortion and birth control on Google searches and twitter.

Inthe U.S teens are having sex earlier than other generation beforethem, and there are more likely to have sex without the use ofcontraceptives. Teenage parents are therefore urged to talk to theirteens before their teens engage in sex, after they become sexuallyactive and even after their teens become pregnant. It has been foundout that only a few parents have had a conversation about sex withthe children and therefore parents should spend time with theirteenagers so that they can realize some changes in their behaviors.It is highly recommended that parents have a serious talk about sexwith their teens in matters regarding physical changes and hormonalchanges during puberty. Parents also need to communicate with theirchildren more especially when they discover that their teens aresexually active. This is the hardest things parents discover abouttheir children and it is important that parents sit down and mentionsome of the safe sex practices as well as mention the risks of havingsex without the use of contraceptives to their children.

Finally,Malone suggests that best way to prevent the rising cases of teenagepregnancies in America is through supporting the teenagers (Malone,2014).Most Americans do not realize that children of teenage mothers aremore likely to have teenage children as compared to theirnon-teenagers counterparts. This is because mothers who end up havingchildren often drop out of school after giving birth to theirchildren and this only ends up a vicious circle of poverty within thefamilies. Malone is of the opinion that teenage parents need supportfrom their families and the communities more than ever before so thatthey can at least go back to school and finish their education. Thestigma of going back to school is sometimes too much for teenagemothers and most of them do not wish to go back to school.

Inconclusion, the U.S teenage pregnancies rates in the country havedipped and the trend is likely to continue. However, the teenagersneed more support from their parents and the community and notexpensive public campaigns. Teenagers also require some talk on thesubject of sex from their parents in order to demystify the mythssurrounding sex. Finally, teenagers should have access tocontraceptives as reports show that most teenagers have sex withouttaking any precautions.

References

Kristoff,N. (2014, November 12). Politicians,Teens and Birth Control.Retrieved May 4, 2014, from The New York Times:http://www.nytimes.com/2014/11/13/opinion/nicholas-kristof-politicians-teens-and-birth-control.html?ref=topics&amp_r=0

Malone,G. (2014, April 1). WhenIt Comes to Teen Pregnancy, Support Is Prevention.Retrieved May 4, 2015, from RH Reality Check:http://rhrealitycheck.org/article/2014/04/01/comes-teen-pregnancy-support-prevention/

Thompson,D. (2014, August 20). TeenBirth Rate Has Dropped Dramatically in Last Two Decades: CDC.Retrieved April 4, 2015, from U.S News:http://health.usnews.com/health-news/articles/2014/08/20/teen-birth-rate-has-dropped-dramatically-in-last-two-decades-cdc

Teenage Pregnancy

TEENAGE PREGNANCY 5

TeenagePregnancy

TeenagePregnancy

Theissue of teenage pregnancies is still a matter of concern in thesociety. The number of girls who get pregnant from the age of fifteento nineteen is still significant. However, it is important to notethat over the years the number of teenage pregnancy cases has gonedown. This paper will analyze data collected on causes of teenagepregnancies and what can be done to reduce the number even further.The age at which these pregnancies occur varies according to the datacollected. Out of the girls who participated in this survey, 22%percent were aged between 15-16 years, 78 percent were between theages of 17-19 years.

Accordingto statistics, every three girls out of ten get pregnant before theage of twenty. This means that there are about 750,000 cases ofteenage pregnancies every year. Most of these pregnancies are out ofmarriage. In this study, 15% of the participants were not first timemothers. In fact, 99% of the girls who get pregnant in their teenageyears are not married. Even though the number of these cases has gonedown over the past 20 years, the U.S. still records the highestnumber of these cases among the developed nations.

Teenagepregnancies disrupt the education of the girl as most girls drop outof high school. According to research, 30 percent of school dropoutcases among teenage girls are due to teenage pregnancies. Thestatistics are different for all races. The rate of teenagepregnancies among Latino girls is higher than that ofAfrican-American girls and lowest among the white girls population. There are those who fail to complete high school due to earlypregnancy, enroll for a GED course, but still not many of themcomplete this course too. This affects the future of both the motherand the child due to lack of education.

Asstated, these teenagers were not married and most depended on theincome of a single parent. 8 % percent of the respondents depended onthe pension money of their grandparents. 15 % of the girls receivedchild support grant. Even though there was variance in numberaccording to ethnicity, the research showed that most of the girlswho engaged in sexual intercourse were from low income families. Itfurther showed that girls raised by a single parent also engaged inteen sexual intercourse more compared to those raised by both parentsnotwithstanding the parent’s level of income or ethnicity.

Accordingto the findings of the data, there were several factors that led toearly pregnancies. These factors include peer pressure, lack ofknowledge on the use of contraceptives, negative attitudes in thehealth sector, low school grades, sexual coercion, family breakdown,poverty and the media. From the study, 90% of the participants knewthat one could prevent unwanted pregnancies by using contraceptivesand 10% were not aware. Even though 90% knew that contraceptives aremeant to prevent pregnancy, they chose not to use them. Some fearedthat their parents would know that they were having sexualintercourse some feared that there would be complications in thefuture, and others failed to use them due to peer pressure. Commonmisconceptions about contraceptives also contributed a great deal.These girls feared that if they used contraceptives, they would gaina lot of weight or even experience watery discharges. Their sexualpartners on the other hand were reluctant to use condoms as acontraceptive method.

Drugswere also a contributory factor as some of the girls stated that theywere under the influence of alcohol when they engaged in unprotectedsex. There is much that still needs to be done to salvage thesituation. From the study, it is clear that teenagers are engaging insexual intercourse. Therefore, there needs to be a lot sensitizationabout contraceptives to reduce the cases of teenage pregnancies. Theteenagers need to be educated on the correct usage of contraceptives.The study indicates that most of the participants come fromlow-income families and these cases make the situation even worse forthe girl, her child and her family. It is thus important that theyare aware about all the methods that they can use to prevent thesepregnancies if not to abstinence.

Inorder to prevent the cases of teenage mothers dropping out of school,it is important that sex education be taught to teenagers. As stated,most of the girls stated that they feared to take contraceptives dueto the negative attitude of the staff in the health clinics. Thisstudy recommends that the clinics be made youth friendly, so thatmore girls are encouraged to use contraceptives. Through theseclinics, girls will also be taught on the correct usage of thesecontraceptives. Lack of proper knowledge on the use of contraceptiveswas also a factor that led to the increased number of teenagepregnancies. Adult-teenage programs should also be established toenable the adults to effectively communicate with the teenagers tonegate the risks of teenage pregnancies.

Reference

Trendsin Teen Pregnancy and Childbearing. (2015, March 16). Retrieved April28, 2015 from http:www.hhs.gov.ash/oah/adolescent-health-topics/reproductive-health/teen- pregnancy/trends.html

Teenage Pregnancy

TeenagePregnancy

TeenagePregnancy

Today,teenage pregnancy is a major issue in most countries. As much as manyteens are engaging themselves in premarital sex, most never escapefrom pregnancy. Nevertheless, most teens are aware of theconsequences of pre-marital sex yet they do not take the necessaryprecautions. Most people have ended up blaming the society for thisfault. However, having sex is a personal choice and decision hence,the society has a limited role to prevent it. Some of the majorcauses of teens pregnancy include unprotected sex, the need foraffection and acceptance. Active sexual teens say that they enjoy sexwithout a condom hence, most end up getting pregnancy. On the otherhand, some girls search for affection from their peers, and thisdesire leads them to sexual intercourse. Sadly, some teens with lowself-esteem resort for sex as a form of acceptance. Generally,teenage pregnancies have negative consequence such as singleparenthood, stress, poor performance in school, among others.

Oneof the major consequences of teenage pregnancy is the high likelihoodthat a single parent will raise the child. Unfortunately, as teenagegirls are looking for acceptance and love in sex, teenage boys arehaving sex for pleasure, and they have no plans to become a teenfather. Furthermore, the pleasure of hanging out with friends isoverwhelming, so when a girl becomes pregnant, the man may just leavefor another girl. In the end, the girl raises the child alone as asingle parent. According to Arceo-Gomenand Campos-Vazquez (2014),raising a child as a single mother is difficult, but it is moredifficult to raise a child as a single teenage mother.

Secondly,most teenage girls are in either high schools or colleges. Therefore,in the case of a pregnancy, the expectant mother may experience thestress of raising a child or continuing with her education.Unfortunately, most girls opt to drop out of school. Raising a child,attending classes, reading for exams would be devastating for mostteens. At the same time, it would be expensive to hire a nanny totake care of the child since in the teenage mother is also adependent. Alternatively, it the teen decides to drop out of schooland search for employment, she may never get that ideal job due lackof sufficient education. Further, teen’s pregnancy leads to teensgirls to drop off from school (Arceo-Gomezet al., 2014).According to statistics, more than half of teenage mothers do not gothrough high education while only ten percent attend college. As aresult, most of them become economically dependent. Correspondingly,the mother and child may also end up facing a lifetime educational,health, ad economic challenges.

Teenpregnancy leads to poor performance in school. Because a teenagemother is busy taking care of the child, she never gets time to timeto read and revise. According to research, as soon as teen getpregnant, her academic performance gradually falls. Further, theresearch shows that children born to teenage mothers perform poorlycompared to children born to older mothers (Arceo-Gomezet. al., 2014).Most are placed in special education classes, repeat grades, have alow likelihood of graduating from high school, and commonlyexperience milder education problems. These educational problems canbe attributed from single marital status, low level of education, andhigh poverty prevalence of the teenage mothers.

Accordingly,teen pregnancies have adverse consequences hence, appropriatemeasure should be used to minimize its prevalence. Similarly, teenmothers should be encouraged to further their education and careersso that that can have a successful future. This will reduce the riskassociated with teen pregnancy hence, offering teen mothers andtheir children productive lives.

References

Arceo-Gomez,E. O., &amp Campos-Vazquez, R. M. (2014). Teenage pregnancy inMexico: Evolution and consequences.&nbspLatinAmerican journal of economics,51(1),109-146.