TEENAGE PREGNANCY 6
Today,many teenage girls have unplanned pregnancies. Compared with adults,teenage pregnancy may be associated with extra short-term andlong-term health risks since most teens usually seek prenatal careservices at advanced stages. Risks to the teenage mother includepremature delivery, high blood pressure, and other complicationswhile the baby may suffer from a low birth weight. Mostsignificantly, the society as well as parents requires understandingof the contributing factors to teen pregnancies, in order to dealwith teenage pregnancies. Thus, teenage pregnancy can be reducedthrough a combined effort in a community.
Teenagepregnancy is an extensive topic involving studies associated with sexeducation, education for teen moms, prevention and birth control, aswell as the link between teenage pregnancies and TV coverage ofsexual content. This paper will try to answer five teenage pregnancyquestions including what is Teenage pregnancy? What are the causes ofteenage pregnancy? What is the effect of teenage pregnancy oneducation? How can teenage pregnancy be reduced? How can parentsprevent their teen children from becoming parents?
Teenagepregnancy has become an increasing societal problem. A majority ofteenagers in America are sexually active, and this has led to highdropout rates. Most teen mothers do not return to complete theireducation and most end up in poverty, thus a motivation for choosingthis topic. Furthermore, there is inadequate class performance andhigh rates of teenage pregnancy in my local state. Teenage pregnancyhas a tremendous economic impact in term of welfare costs andMedicaid.
Amajority of parents in the modern world evade talking to theirchildren about sex. In some cases, the parents give false informationconcerning sex, in order to discourage them from participating in it. Teenage pregnancy causes are multi-factors and include lack ofproper parental guidance, socio-economic factors and adolescentsexual behavior such as the use of illegal substances. Anothercontributing factor of teenage pregnancy is peer pressure. As aresult, this has encouraged most teenage girls and boys to engage insexual activities. Socio-economic factors are contributing factors ofteenage pregnancy where teenage girls from poor families have a hugeprobability of becoming pregnant while at school (Raymond, 1990).
Inmy point of view, Teen pregnancies have declined compared tohistorical figures due to increased use of contraceptives. Moreover,abstinences campaigns, sexuality education and youth developmentprograms have made a positive impact on the prevention of teenagepregnancy. In this era of globalization, teens should have access toaccurate information about protection from unplanned pregnancies,abstinence and contraception use. Therefore, teenagers should notfall victim to this problem.
Onthe other hand, attaining education is crucial for adolescents andthose with high educational aspirations should not be involved insexual activities. In fact educated youth should not give birth whilestill in high school, but wait until marriage(O’Connor, 1999).
Dueto its dire consequences teenage pregnancy should be addressed. Infact, the burdens associated with teenage childbearing areundeniable. Health problems associated with teenage pregnancies maybe further compounded by the use of drugs and alcohols because mostteens recognize they are pregnant later compared to adults. Researchshows that a majority of pregnant teenagers are at higher risks ofengaging in drug abuse and binge drinking especially in their earlystages of pregnancies. Regrettably, the children they give birth toalso are at a higher risk of attaining education. The adverse outcomeof early teen pregnancy includes poverty, unemployment, lowself-esteem, and educational failures.
However,early intervention strategies and programs can be used to helpprevent teenage pregnancy or lower its rate significantly. Indeed,teenage pregnancy is unplanned and approximately 750,000 teenagemothers who end getting pregnant annually do not believe thatengaging in sexual activities will make them parents. Apparently,they engage in these activities in order to fit with their friendswho influence their decisions. Most adolescents view sex as a way tomake them appear sophisticated and cool but in real sense are unawareof the consequences (Raymond, 1990).
Today,teenage pregnancy in America can be termed as a societal epidemic. Infact, many teens are unaware of the huge responsibilities that comewith raising a child while still young. Clearly, lack of knowledgeor incorrect information from either friends, videos and movies hasrendered most teens incapable of making informed decisions aboutwhether to engage in the activities or not. Additionally, teenagerswho lack proper parental guidance are more likely to become pregnant.
Today,the media and the movie industry try to glamorize pregnancy, and thisencourages teens to engage in reckless sexual activities. Therefore,prevention is important to reduce the long-term effects such asincreased health care, high dropout rates, and unemployment. Can thesociety reduce the rate of teenage pregnancies? Lack of sex educationhas been greatly associated with this problem of teenage pregnancy.Therefore, sex education should be given priority in order to makethe teens aware of its effects. Certainly, if both the community andthe parents work together, they can help to reduce and preventteenage pregnancies.
O’Connor,M, L (1999). Academically oriented teenage women have reducedpregnancy risk. FamilyPlanning Perspectives,31 (2) 105-106.
Raymond.C (1990).Researchers: Teenage pregnancy a symptom of societalills. Journal of School Health 62, (7): 310-318.