The book is written by James M. Volo, a history author who has yearsof experience in doing literature for American History. The book isabout the American liberalization struggle of the 18thcentury, which was characterized by increasingly popular philosophiesof freedom and emergence of a group of American who wanted theirfreedom from the British rule. One of the major features of thebeginning of the American Revolution was the Boston Tea Party, whichwas an inspiration for the American citizens who rose to fightagainst the British rule. Up to this day, the Boston Tea Partycontinues to inspire millions of Americans who align themselves withthe party’s philosophy of liberalization and freedom from theexcesses of the authorities. The author provides insights intohistorical events that prompted the creation of the republic, andexplains how the liberators created their philosophy, which motivatedthem to fight against the aggressors. In this light, the authorfocuses on the philosophy of the American Revolution as the book’sthesis. This paper describes how the author has supported the thesisand other main arguments and provided an opinion on the arguments.
The author asserts that the revolution generated radical changes inthe social and political ideology of the nation. More specifically,the people’s principles, opinion and sentiments about what theyregarded about freedom and liberty was effectively influenced by theevents that led to the revolution. Before the events of the BostonTea Party, the Americans were already exhausted of the policies andregulations that the British had imposed on them. According to theauthor, these were the major catalyst of an emerging class of thoughtthat encouraged the American patriots to come up in arms to rebel theoppressive colonial regime. It was during the last few years to theBoston Tea event that new ideas and issues affected the socialcustoms and political ideal of the American bourgeoisie and lowerclass, which spread quickly to other citizens from different parts ofthe country. The author supports the argument that the gender andracial role of the thirteen colonies evolved by citing literature byother authors regarding the debate and conflict over the Britishauthority. There is little personal or biased opinion in the book,hence making the arguments presented to support the thesis strong andcredible. Additionally, the author mentions the role of the diversestate economies and federal control of western territories as some ofthe elements of the growing American philosophy about the revolution.
According to Volo, the Americans were angry about the big businessbailouts and wasteful government spending, which led to the growthphilosophy of the tea party insurgency. In order to support the same,the author talks about the British philosopher John Locke, whorejected claims that kings and queens had the divine right to ruleover other people. He cited Locke’s literature, Two Treatises ofGovernment, which stated that governments were created amongnaturally for people as social contracts. As such, the civic rulershad no option rather than to derive their authority from the consentof the governed. This meant that they were in their positions ofpower by the will of the governed, who had a democratic right to ruleover others. Prior to the Boston Tea Party, the America was beingruled by the will of the British governors, who were an extension ofthe British monarchy to the foreign land. As such, given that thephilosophy of rebellion is justified by the works of Locke, thepeople felt that it was acceptable to rebel against the British. Thisis because the colonial ideology fails to protect self-evidentnatural human rights, thus, the theory of rebellion can be justified.
The author supports the thesis by factoring in the feelings of theAmericans. While most of them wanted freedom from the British rule,some felt that they would lose a lot if they severed theirrelationships with England. These are some of the individuals whofought against the American philosophy of rebellion and freedom. Theauthor calls these people the “loyalists”. The loyalists workedto maintain the economic and political relationship with Britain, whothey thought of the owners of the American culture and ancestry.These prompted them to support the idea of punishment due to treason,which was an enemy of the American philosophy of rebellion that ledto the Boston Tea Party. The author refers to Thomas Paine, oneindividual who was dedicated to influencing the colonist’s decisionfor separation. The thoughts of Thomas Paine are used to build theelements of the philosophy, as he was a low social class individualwho represented thousands who had left England for a better life inAmerica. More specifically, the author refers to his work, CommonSense, which was published in 1777, a year after Paine hadarrived in Philadelphia. In this work, Paine directly unleashed hisanger on the then English King.
In the argument, which supports Volo’s thesis, the main cause ofAmerican hostility towards the colonialists was not the Britishparliament, rather the monarchy, which was the source of hatred thatwas aimed towards the Americans. In Common Sense, the king wasbranded a useless individual who did not deserve any peck of respectfrom the Americans. Such open defiance was the backbone of theAmerican hostility towards the British colonialists, and was thesource of the rebellion philosophy. At the same time, the book calledfor an end to the colonialists’ political power in America, andpromoted the concept that all Americans deserved to be free in theirown land. As such, the monarch’s influence in America had to beabolished, and the best way for doing this was coming together inarms to form a rebellion against the colonialists. Such philosophyled to the Boston Tea Party, which was a significant development inthe rise of the American Revolution.
The author provides a riveting overview of the Boston Tea Party,based on the thesis of the philosophy of the American Revolution. Heexamines the significance of the events and people during the timebefore the Boston Tea Party, and how incidents and the politicalsituation helped the Americans to develop a philosophy for going towar against the oppressors. The author presents opinions andprofessionally supports them by using other relevant authors’literature, as such, avoids giving a biased opinion. He does notargue against any particular historian’s interpretation of theAmerican Revolution philosophy, rather advances new ideas supportedby the relevant literature. Additionally, he provides an in-depthanalysis of early grassroots movement by demonstrating how it wasplanned and executed by the Americans. Finally, he supports thethesis by creating a relationship between the colonialists, therevolution and American liberty.
Volo, James M. TheBoston Tea Party: The Foundations of Revolution.ABC-CLIO, 2012.