TheStatue of Liberty
TheLiberty Enlightening the World or "La Liberté Éclairant LeMonde" is the name given to the Statue of Liberty by FredericBartholdi Auguste, who was the sculptor. The statue is the symbol offreedom to the entire world. The statue was given to the America as agift from the French people to recognize and appreciate theestablished friendship between the two countries during the AmericanRevolution and in honor of the Declaration of Independence. Themonument was proposed to be given as a gift by Edouard de Laboulaye,who was a writer, as well as French statesman. The construction was ajoint venture and a plan for the United States and France, whereAmerica was supposed to build the pedestal while France was to buildthe statue.
Thesculptor Frederic was commissioned to build the statue, which hemodeled in the shape Charlotte, who was his mother. In conjunction,Eiffel Gustave designed the Eiffel tower as well as the skeleton ofthe statue. He used four iron columns that supported the metalframework holding the thin copper skin closely. In fact, copper waschosen by Bartholdi because of its attractive nature, durability, andits ability to withstand the long voyage, as well as the exposure tothe slat-laden air in the New York Harbor.
Bartholdibegan the creation of the statue with the torch and the right armthat were exhibited in 1876 at the Centennial Exposition inPhiladelphia. After one year, the construction of the 42-foot-highsculptor took place, and it was placed in the Square Park on MadisonAvenue, a situation that was aimed to attract funds for theconstruction of the pedestal. However, the torch and the arm remainedin the square park for seven years.
Backin France, the shoulders and the head were completed, and they weredisplayed publicly to attract donations. Indeed, there were lotteriesand various forms of entertainments that were aimed at raising moremoney to fund the statue project. In America, the torch and the righthand continued to be displayed in an attempt to inspire generosity.On the other hand, the American Committee for the Liberty Statuesolicited for more funds through theater and art benefits, pricefights, and auctions all aimed at collecting more funds for theproject.
Moremoney was raised through the assistance of Pulitzer, who was apolitician and newspaperman. He used his newspaper ‘the world’ tocriticize the wealthy individuals and the middle class and challengedthem to contribute to the pedestal project. In fact, he was able toencourage American to contribute, a situation that saw more than$100,000 donated. In 1885, the financing of the statue pedestal wascomplete and the construction was finished the following year.
InFrance, the statue was completed in 1884 and was moved to America inJune 1885. In fact, the statue was moved in more than 300 pieces thatwere packed in 214 crates. After reaching America, then re-assemblingwas done and took four months afterward the Statue was placed on agranite pedestal on the Bedloe’s Island, which was later renamed in1956 as the Liberty Island.
Topreserve the statue, President Reagan in May 1982 appointed LeeIacocca, the chairman of Chrysler Corporation as the head of theprivate sector responsible for the restoration of the Statue ofLiberty. Notably, a fundraising project of $87 million began as aprivate-public partnership between the Ellis Island Foundation andthe National Park Service to restore and preserve the Statue for thenext generations. In the process, engineers, conservators, andarchitects from America and France gathered to ensure that the Statuewas preserved for the next Century. Today, members of the public fromall over the world have the access to the celebrated Liberty Statue.