Themes

Collaborative vs. Forced Commitment

This term refers to the level of devotion a country might have intransforming the economic, political and social matters of itscitizens. Similarly, it may mean person’s dedication towardschanging state with a verge of making the life better for anotherperson. After the Communist Party had come into power, herfront-runner remained focused on carrying a revolution in economicsto fullest. The economically driven governance helps the countrytread successfully through awkward moments that exemplified under theGreat Leap Forward. Cultural Revolution in China saw the nationalclimbs in the market out of the steel production. For instance, theproduction of steel in the country was on increasing trends from 1978to 2009. This gain helped the country economy to stabilize, rankingthe country as the fifth steel output in the world (Yu Hua, 2012. P112). However, the vast steel output overstripped the country’sexpansion plans. This proliferation was entitled to help the countryoutsmart other steel producing countries such as America.

The Great Leap Forward of 1958 saw many professional leaving theirclass jobs and joined farmers and other peasant men in smelting thesteel. People sacrificed even their life to work for the benefits ofthe country. They toiled in front the burning furnaces, standing allthe heat while remaining focused on building the nation. Thiscommitment is pulled out from the characters in the film “To Live”through different versions. For instance, Fugui is forced to Nationalsoldiers (GMD) who purpose is to eliminate the communists. With othernew entrants, Fugui is put under intimidation if he tries to escape.In the scene of the Great Leap forward, “Cadres come for thefamily’s donations of iron, that is carried to the backyardsfurnaces for the smelting process….Fugui tells the cadre for theLiberation Army and promises to entertain the younger cadres.”Consequently, Fugui is spared of his puppet. Fugui leaves with thecorruption mentality from that point forward. Awkwardly, he observesFengxia dying at delivery even after Fugui buying the doctor hotsteamed buns. The blame is one Red Guards who have taken the doctorsand nurses into prison.

Sufferings from Capitalism

During the Cultural Revolution, Red Guards were employed as tool byMao and other Communist groups to pull down political opponents andset the Chinese society into international struggles. Important tonote is that the Guard movements were independently created,organized towards adult provocation. During the Mao era, China isdepicted as a poor country. Private groups governed most of thedevelopments that later occurred. The personal narrates thetransformation of the health sector. “During those days, there wereno needles and syringes” (Yu Hua, 2012.p. 13). The sterilization ofthe available needles and syringes was very primitive. The incidencecoincides with the death of Fengxia, who life is claimed from lack ofmedical care while she is delivering. In a scene where Fagui punisheshis sons Yongqing, Fengxia is silent but Jiazhen is quick to frown atFugui. As a daughter of the new China, Fengxia is quiet since Fuguiprivately owns her. Her inability to speak demonstrates thesuperiority of some members a unit that ought to have equal rights toeveryone. However, this is not the case even with the government. Before the end of the Cultural Revolution, China had suffered untoldhardships before gaining the greatness (Yu Hua, 2012.p. 120-122). Theauthor notes, “Man is bound to make mistakes…and it is theunceasing correction of his errors that human progress lies.” (YuHua, 121). It underlines the significant of adversity in the humantransformation from the mediocre reasoning to genius moments. Takinginto consideration of Fugui, his wife had warned him against gamblinggame. It was until when he lost all his property that he realizedgambling and puppetting were causing him more harm than good. With asimilar perspective, an evaluation of the China’s Revolution helpsto bring together observations that roam across time and space.

Political Backdrop

Disunity emerged during the development plans towards the end of thecommunist revolution of 1949. The Party elite were in full control ofthe local communist cadres and enjoyed its associated influence. Onthe other hand, Chairman Mao dictated the political line of theParty. Different ideologies between the Party elite and Chairman Maomasterminded the primary division. Mao envisioned that transforminghuman consciousness would lead to material progress for the Chinaeconomy. On the contrary, the party leaders believed that the onlymaterial progress could afford to generate human consciousness. Inaddition, Mao argued that members of the landlord class and thebourgeoisie had penetrated into the upper rank of the Party. As aresult, Mao had to use his influence and egoism in mobilizing theforces against the intruding enemies. His revolution touched people’ssouls since they rose to revive the country’s economy throughintensive mining projects.

Students were deployed in the local sectors in order to radicalize,absorb better knowledge of, and to sensitize the rural residents onidealizing the revolution. The revival of the much aspireddevelopments is depicted through the death of Youngqing, who iskilled by an old friend of the family. The energetically presentedrevolution is symbolized by the “red pen.” Consequently, theeducation sector was devolved. Days were gone when the working-classwere the top leaders in every unit of work. Education through classparticipation was encouraged to get the views of the all the membersof such a unit.

Violence

As Mao and his aspirants would endeavor to continue with manipulatingmasses, the revolution war would lead to violence persisting for acouple of years. The call of purging those who betrayed therevolution was high, with student targeted to do the exploits. Inparticular, the Republicans suffered the brutality (Yu Hua, 2012).Murder and looting of property were the happenings of the day. Theheight of the insecurity and brutality on the masses is evidencedwhere Fugui along Chengsheng and Lao Quan are forced to join theNationalist soldiers. They are at risk of losing their lives in casethey disagree.

In another scenario, they Fugui and his friends arrive at a pointwhere they believe that other soldiers run off, leaving their weaponson point. However, they decide to become prisoners rather than losingtheir lives.

The Yu Hau depicts the new China as a product of high sacrifice. Thevigor and commitment are so high that some can sacrifice their livesand even those of their comrades. At the last episode, Jiazhenreminds Fugui that he there was no need of giving the doctor the bun.It symbolizes new life where people have to live with their skillsgained in the education rather than gambling. In fact, the puppet boxthat Fugui considered utilizing in earning a living has a betterpurpose. This is now new China where citizens can boast of a fresheconomy.

Work Cited

Yu, Hua, and Allan H. Barr. China in Ten Words. New York:Anchor Books, 2012. Print.