Theearth’s water covers 70% of the surface. Although it seemsplentiful, the world is suffering from a water crisis whereapproximately 750 million people cannot access clean water. The freshwater makes up only 2.5 % of the available 70%, and there is only 1%available for human consumption.
Nevertheless,it is possible for everyone to have access to safe water. If peopleconserve the existing water, everyone can access it although inlimited quantities. In addition, there are techniques for waterrecycling and reuse that can be used to clean the wastewater andpurify if for human consumption (Barford & Everitt, 2012).Cumulatively, the conserved and purified water will add to theavailable fresh water making it accessible to everyone.
Waterscarcity affects different sectors including agriculture.Agricultural practices use up to 70% of the clean water. Irrigationuses two-thirds of global water to produce approximately 40% of theworld’s food. A reduction in water supply will reduce thecapability to sustain irrigation. Hence, it will decrease the amountof food by 10% (Fraiture, Molden & Rijsberman, 2013).
Nevertheless,people can use different conservation strategies to ease theincreasing water shortage. The desalinization technology is one ofthe methods that can reduce water shortage (Barford & Everitt,2012). Oceans contain 97% of the world’s water. Therefore,desalination will largely increase the water supply. Currently, 130countries in the Middle East and North Africa use this method, so itis practical even in other parts. Water recycling can also reducewater shortages in the world. Implementing global techniques forwater recycling can avail more water for irrigation and livestock.Additionally, the water companies should repair the leaky pipes todecrease water wastage (Barford & Everitt, 2012). Overall, alarge amount of water is lost through broken and leaking pipesfurther worsening the current water condition. Lastly, householdwater conservation also has a critical role in reducing water crisis(Barford & Everitt, 2012). If families reduce unnecessarily usesand wastage of water, it will decrease the amount of water consumedin that family. Cumulatively, it will have substantial effects on theaccessibility of water globally.
Wateris a relatively cheap commodity. However, people are misusing water,which is deteriorating the already limited water sources. As aresult, raising the prices of water can reduce the consumption rates(Porter, 2014). Even so, the strategy can be more effective if it isaccompanied by public education to teach people the importance ofwater conservation. For example, some people may feel entitled to usethe water wasteful just because they have paid for it. Thus, publiceducation will eliminate such possibilities of water wastage.
Withthe current shortage, recycled water is unavoidable. Therefore, I donot have a problem drinking treated gray water. Besides, it goesthrough an extensive and thorough purification process beforedistributing it for human consumption (Barford & Everitt, 2012).The water is further purified by adding groundwater to make it safefor drinking.
Everyonehas a vital role in reducing the global water shortage. I contributeto the conservation efforts by turning the water off when brushing orsoaping. When doing laundry, I adjust the water levels in the washingmachine to balance with the size of the load.
Watershortage has numerous adverse effects on the environment. Waterscarcity raises the salt concentration in the ground. The increasedsalinity affects the soil and condition of the ground water (Barford& Everitt, 2012). In addition, it destroys wetlands andfloodplains due to decreased water levels. It also results in extraexploitation of groundwater, which eventually causes the landforms tosink. Thus, the land level drops making the area more susceptible tofloods.
Finally,if the society opts to disregard the issue of limited waterresources, the current situation will deteriorate. According tostatistics, more than half the world’s population will not haveaccess to clean water if the situation does not improve.Consequently, everyone should play his or her part no matter howtrivial to conserve water and contribute to the global efforts.
Barford,V. & Everitt, L. (2012). Eight radical solutions for the watershortage. BBCNews Magazine.Retrieved from http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-17600062
Fraiture,C., Molden, D. & Rijsberman, F. (2013). : The FoodFactor. Issuesin Science and Technology,23(4), 1-7.
Porter,E. (2014). The risk of cheap water. TheNew York Times.Retrieved fromhttp://www.nytimes.com/2014/10/15/business/economy/the-price-of-water-is-too-low.html?_r=0