WeberianIdea of Personality
WeberianIdea of Personality
MaxWeberian idea of personality remains one of his major contributionsin the field of sociology. Weberian believed that bureaucracy had asignificant influence on the American while most people believedotherwise. In his writing, Weberian concentrates more on the westernand eastern civilisations. For instance, in his book “Max Weber’sTheory of Personality,” he urges the personality plays a vital rolein civilization (Gerthand Mills, 2014).He focuses more on individualisation, politics, and orientation. Hecombines the three to come up with Max Weber’s theory ofpersonality. This essay discusses how the Weberian idea ofpersonality is different from the idea of personality he criticises.
Weberargues that human civilization evolves from mystical and primitive toa more complex and rational stages. In other words, the society movesto a more technical stage. Weber believes that the evolution of thesociety is based on three types of authorities that includecharismatic, traditional, and legal-rational authority. In addition,Weber believes that the society bureaucracy grow because people needthe provision of health, social services, education, among othernecessities. Therefore, it is everyone responsibility to work hard toachieve these desires (Gerthet. al., 2014).Weber present the key features of an ideal bureaucracy as writtendocuments, the division of labour, application of impersonal rules, afull working capacity of well-trained staff and experts.Nevertheless, Weber still criticises the whole idea and argues thatit does help the society to have efficient performance.
Weberargues there are many misunderstandings in the employment sectors. Inhis article “science as a vocation,” Weber urges that politicaleconomists have a sophistic custom whereby they always followexternal conditions (Gerthet. al., 2014).He gives an example of a Germany young man who has taken severalyears to study science. Normally, this person is likely to start atthe privatdozent position. Unfortunately, he does not make any salaryother than the small fee from the lecture notes. This is unlike inthe United States where the same person can be hired as an assistant.Due to the bureaucratic system in United States, any young academicman has a right to paid for all positions he or she holds. In fact,the salary is modest and much better compared to that one of asemi-skilled labourer. This is unlike in the Germany where a youngacademician cannot raise “claim.” Further, Weber argues thatacademician should follow the principle that a prompted scholarshould also in turn legitimize or habilitates someone else.Additionally, Weber states that the major difference between UnitedStates and Germany is that Germany teaches fewer courses. However,Weber goes ahead and criticises this phenomenon. He urges thatdespite all the negativities in the Germany education, it still standout to be the best.
Further,Weber focuses on the formal elements of bureaucracy as rules,hierarchy, and specializations, among others. According to Gerthet. al., (2014), Weberdoes not have enough knowledge of the role of an informalorganisation, as well as how it contributes to the organisationperformance. On the other hand, he focuses on the informal elementssuch as leadership, human relationships, motivation, andcommunication networks. Similarly, he does not fully understand theirfunctions in the private and public organisation. Although he focusesmore on formal structure, that is, political, social, and behaviouralconditions of an individual, he only draws this framework from theformal organisation only.
AlthoughWeber ideas of personality may appear to be valid, he lacks enoughevidence o support them. Interestingly, he is the one who criticizesthem. For instance, he believes that efficiency can be achievedthrough the bureaucracy he still considers its shortcoming andassociates it with oppression of personal freedom. He acknowledgesthat bureaucracy limits freedom, as well as it complicatedindividuals understanding activities in an organisation.Nevertheless, bureaucracy favours “the crippled personality ofspecialities” as discussed by Weber.
Gerth,H. H., & Mills, C. W. (Eds.). (2014). FromMax Weber: Essays in sociology.Routledge.