WEBSITE REVIEWS 6
Federal health care agencies play a crucial role in the delivery ofhealthcare for many citizens. Agencies like the centre for diseasecontrol, health resource and service administration and centers forMedicare and Medicaid services have significantly improved thequality of health care services provided by the state. Their combinedefforts to improve health are critical as health plays a vital rolein the human life. This paper will examine the three agencies andtheir roles before comparing and contrasting their roles.
To review federal health care agency websites of CDC, CMC and HRSA+-
To discuss the services that each agency provides
To compare and contrast the oversight of each of these federal health care agencies
CDC collaborates with local, national and state levels to preventand monitor disease outbreaks. It also implements disease preventivestrategies and maintains national health statistics to avoid furtherspread of diseases outbreaks. A good example of preventive efforts byCDC is educating the public on how to recognize and avoid contractinginfectious diseases like malaria and cholera. It also monitorsoutbreaks of chronic diseases like Ebola and give updates on how tocombat it and protect its spread through educating prone populationson preventive cautionary measures.
According to cdc.gov (2014), CDC is a lead public health agency inhealth efforts to control infectious disease, injuries, environmentalhealth, workplace hazards, disabilities and threats that affect humanlife. The roles of CDC can be narrowed down to detecting andresponding to emerging health threats and tackling major healthproblems to avoid disabilities and deaths. Besides that, CDC usesscience and technology for disease prevention with an aim ofpromoting healthy and safe behaviors in communities and theenvironment. Their other roles are developing and training leaderswho will work in the public health workforce. It takes the healthpulse of the nation.
CMS is another federal health agency within the US departmentresponsible for the administration of human health services andhealth care programs. The outstanding features of CMS are Medicareand Medicaid. While Medicare offers health insurance programs for theelderly and seniors, Medicaid is a federal needs-based programoverseeing programs for low income and individuals with limitedresources as well as families. CMS also oversees programs inchildren’s health insurance (CHIP), HIPAA, CLIA amongst othersservices (cms.gov, 2014). The HITECH Act in 2009 mandated CMS therole of advancing health IT such as the electronic health recordimplementation as an incentive program. The meaningful use of EHR ata time when the world is going digital can be seen in every sense. Ithelps update information privacy and implements security regulationsunder the accountability act of HIPAA done in conjunction with theoffice of the National coordinator for health IT. CMS’sresponsibilities include policy formulation for various operationalaspects of healthcare programs. It develops implements and interpretshealth quality and safety standards (cms.gov, 2014). It alsoevaluates their impact on the utilization, the cost of health careservices and quality.
HRSA is a federally funded health center serving millions ofAmericans to get affordable healthcare services through their 90-plusprograms. According to hrsa.gov (2015), Health resources and servicesadministration as an agency has more than 3000 grantees and is theprimary federal agency for improving access to health care bystrengthening the healthcare workforce. Building healthy communitiesand achieving equity through providing healthcare programs to peoplewhore geographically isolated, medically vulnerable and economicallyunstable is HRSA’s mission. HRSA provides services to HIV patients,pregnant women, mothers and needy families (hrsa.gov, 2015). It alsosupports training health professionals and the distribution ofproviders to areas where healthcare is needed and delivery ofhealthcare is crucial. HRSA provides medical services like overseeingorgan donations, bone marrow or cord blood donation. It offerscompensation for individuals who are harmed by vaccinations andmaintains databases for protection against healthcare malpractices,fraud, waste and abuse.
Comparing and contrasting
CDC, CMS and HRSA are exceptional agencies working for the benefitof improved healthcare services. They are all similar in that theyare federally funded and have their roots in the USA. The fact thatthey are all based in the USA does not however hinder the agenciesform serving the entire globe. The CDC for example is quick torespond to other continents like Africa as during the Ebola outbreakin West Africa. HRSA also serves the most geographically remoteregions providing affordable health care. The main goals of thesehealth care agencies are provision of human health care services.Despite their objectives of delivering healthcare, CDC, CMS and HRSAdiffer in their roles.
While CDC is recognized as a disease control agency that fosterspreventive-e and control strategies for emerging health threats, CMSis an agency that offers health programs through medical coverage forthe elderly, disabled, low earning families and children. HRSA on theother hand is the primary federal agency for improved access tohealthcare that provides health care to the most medically vulnerableindividuals including those unable to pay or cover for their medicalexpenses. CDC was established in 1946 in Atlanta and is managed bythe Department of Health and Human Services unlike the CMS, which wassigned into law in 1965 (cms.gov, 2014). HRSA was created in 1982through the merge of health resource administration and healthservice administration (hrsa.gov, 2015).
cdc.gov (2014). Centers for disease control and prevention,retrieved from, Mission, role and pledge, retrieved fromhttp://www.cdc.gov/about/organization/mission.htm
cms.gov (2015). About CMS, retrieved fromhttps://www.cms.gov/About-CMS/Agency-Informa tion/History/index.html?redirect=/history/
Hrsa.gov. (2015). About HRSA, retrieved fromhttp://www.hrsa.gov/about/