1.)Geography is a social science that explores and studies the featuresboth physical and manmade, the lands and the phenomena of the earthbesides its inhabitants. Geography can be studied by looking at themake-up of the universe and understanding the relationships betweenthe earth and its inhabitants. [CITATION Jon09 p 211 l 1033 ]Thisencompasses a look at the physical features both on the earth’ssurface and in the crest and how these features influence thesettlement of human beings around the areas where they exist.
Thefundamental elements of geography are: human systems which show thathuman beings are vital to geography as their activities aid inshaping the earth’s surface, environment and society exploring onthe human influence on the natural and physical environment. The usesof geography that put into practical shape the knowledge of geographyby enabling people to have a better comprehension of variousrelationships.[CITATION Mik13 p 87 l 1033 ]
Theworld in spatial terms explores the relationships between people,places, and the surroundings. Physical systems which explain how thevarious physical processes on the earth give it its shape. Places andregions that show how the lives and identities of people are a factorof particular sites named as regions.
Researchtools used in studying geography are maps, GPS, and GIS. A map is atwo-dimensional representation of the earth on paper and can indicatevarious features including mountains, lakes, and oceans. [CITATION Geo06 p 312 l 1033 ]A(GPS) is a combinationof navigation the satellite located in the space that givesinformation on time and location of the various places on the earth`ssurface. A Geographic Information System (GIS) is a system that isresponsible for the storage, manipulation, analysis, capturing andmanagement of geographical data.
Theelements of geography and the research tools used in studyinggeography help in the located in the distribution of the humansettlements based on the surrounding natural resources and physicalfeatures. [CITATION Geo06 p 54 l 1033 ]Theimpact onphysical geography on the human activity can vividly be understoodfrom the above tools and elements of studying geography. Thisenhances the interpretation of how human beings relate to thephysical geography.
2.)The human population of China is unevenly distributed and dividedinto the east and west sections. The east section tends to be moredensely populated than the western section of more than 400 peopleper square kilometer. The east and south of China experiences warmand humid climatic conditions throughout the year favoring humansettlement thus densely populated. The west and north regions incontrast are arid and semi-arid with extreme variations in thetemperatures.[CITATION Jon09 p 298 l 1033 ]
Mostof the densely populated areas of the east are level grounds and justabove the sea levels hence very easy to build on. The West regionshave altitudes ranging between 400-500m which are hostile and toughto build on discouraging settlement as such regions is only suitablefor agriculture. This leads to the disparity in the populationdistribution of the two sections. The east section enjoys adequatewater supply from the vast rivers flowing through it keeping itlivelier and more habitable compared to the west section that hasvery few rivers that cannot provide enough water in the region.
Justlike in China, the population of Korea is unevenly distributed with alarge number of people settled in the lowlands as opposed to themountainous regions of the country. The mountainous regionsdiscourage the establishment of buildings and may only be used forcrop cultivation.[CITATION Mik13 p 104 l 1033 ]Though the countries are enormous in size, the physical geographydoes notencourage settlement thus people migrate from the less comfortable toa more affluent regions that facilitate settlement. In so doing, thedisparity in the population distribution widens as people concentrateon one area and abandon the other areas. The future does not hold forKorea and China as with the continued increase in the humanpopulation there would be no more areas for settlements. Theresources including the settlement areas are already overstretched.
Asa result of the larger human population in the east than in the westsection, the economic growth of the eastern section is higher thanthat of the west.[CITATION Geo06 p 185 l 1033 ]A large population means availability of both skilled and unskilledlabor besides maximum utilization of the available resources.
3.)Islamic religion acted as a unifying factor among the people of thesouthwest Asia and northern Africa. The Arabs that came to Africa astraders spread the Islamic religion that was accepted bymuch-creating unity and harmony among the people. The people who wereconquered by the Muslim merchants acquired items that they were notable to produce during trading. The people embraced Islamic religioninto their lives thus becoming members of the Islamic faith. Theyincorporated Islamic culture into their cultural practices andbeliefs.
4.)The people of northern Africa engage in business activities withMiddle East countries. The sub-Saharan African countries trade withcountries like the United States of America. With the climaticconditions in the sub-Saharan Africa which is mainly arid andsemi-arid as a result of desertification, the people of thesub-Saharan Africa are mainly nomads who do not have permanentsettlements. [CITATION Jon09 p 204 l 1033 ]Theycannot engage in crop cultivation like their counterparts in thenorthern Africa who experiences adequate supply of rainfall.
Anderson, J. (2009). Understanding Cultural Geography: Places and Traces. Angeles: Routledge.
Crang, M. (2013). Cultural Geography. New York: Routledge.
Marsh, G. P. (2006). Man and Nature or, Physical geography as modified by human action. California: 1864.
1)Discuss at least three ways effective human resourcemanagers contribute to improvements in workplace productivityand the quality of work life for employees
Effectivehuman resource managers enhance the productivity of the workplacethrough various implementation activities.
Acquisition:This encompasses recruitment of workers, analyzing the employee`sneeds, determining the skills required in various posts andidentification of the trends in the job market. With the aboveknowledge, the human resource anger would be able to acquire what isbest for the company that would in turn maximize profit for thecompany.[CITATION Gra12 p 48 l 1033 ]With proper planning for the employees, high turnover rates amongyounger employees would be curbed.
Development:The human resource manager should be in charge of performanceappraisal and training activities. With the performance appraisal,the employees are able to get from the manager a feedback on theirperformance in the organization hence would be able to adjust totheir points of weaknesses at the same time improving on theirstrengths. The training activities would instill into the employeesnew and latest skills used in performing various activities.[CITATION Gra12 p 50 l 1033 ]
Maintenance:These are activities related to the benefits enjoyed by the employeessuch as safety and health and good relationship between the managerand the employees. With a good manager-employee relationship, betterways of handling the grievances of the employees are achievable inharmony. Safety and health of the workers should form a basis of theorganization`s operations to protect the employees from various liferisks in the company.
2)Discuss how important an orientation program is to anew employee`s success within an organization.  Include inyour justification at least three key topics that all newemployee orientations should include, and why you believe this is so.
Orientationis a way of introducing a new employee into an organization or firm,giving her an overview of how the company operates based on itspolicies and objectives. Orientation is important to new employeesand determines their success in the organization in a number of ways.
Creationof first impression: The orientation program creates the firstpositive impression of the organization to the employees. It gives animpression that the organization is sensitive to the new employeesand treats them as part of it. [CITATION Ann09 p 174 l 1033 ]Thisincreases the comfort of the new employees to greater levels. The newemployees will then know that the organization is a well-managedstructure that operates within the required professional standards.
Understandingof the expectations: It gives them an understanding of what isexpected of them. It is from the orientation that the employees aretold of the rules and regulations governing the operations of theorganization including dressing, conduct and attendance to work. Fromthere they learn what is accepted and distinguishes it from thatwhich is not.
UnderstandingBenefits: During the orientation period, the employees tend to get abetter comprehension of the benefits programs for the employees suchas the health insurance. This time enables the employee to make thusan informed decision based on what is available with theorganization. The employees also get to know when such benefits areprovided.[CITATION Dav03 p 88 l 1033 ]
Engagementof new employees: With an effective orientation program, the newemployees feel directly engaged as a productive part of theorganization. This makes the employees get adapted to the system veryfast as they would wish to reflect their inputs in the services theyoffer to the organization. In conjunction with mentors, orientationgives the new employees a direction to take when confronted with anumber of issues. This makes them feel part of the system.Key topicsthat that all new employees’ orientation should include are:
Companypolicies and procedures for example code of dressing, expense claimsand procedures for reporting.
Orientationto business such as the history, mission statement, goals, andobjectives, plans for the organization. This will make the employeeswork towards achieving its strategies.
Jobresponsibilities and expectations including a review of the productstandards, description of the duties and the applicable legislations.This would enable each of the employees to serve based on theoutlined responsibilities thereby eradicating any form of confusion.
3)Analyze this situation.  You are the HR Director for a newstart-up company.  Choose two work-life programs orpolicies you want your organization to implement to improve thequality of work life for employees and support your decisions withexamples
Work-lifepolicies or programs are programs and policies that strive to bring abalance between work and the responsibilities in life. As the humanresource director, I would adopt the following work-life policies:
WorkingTime Policy: This policy ensures that no employee works for excessivehours. This would be averaged as no employee works more than 48 hoursin a week. Care must be taken for the employees that hold more thanone post in the organization to ensure a balance between the twopositions as far as time allocation is concerned.[CITATION Ann09 p 321 l 1033 ]There should also be allocated enough breaks for a rest to enable ashift between various periods. The working time policy does not applyto the employees in the security and surveillance department.
FlexibleWorking Hours Policy: This policy enables the employees to have aconsiderable control of their hours of service delivery based on theprovided provisions of the policy. The flexible working hour’spolicy gives room for an employee to attend to emergency issues as hewould be able to compensate for the lost time.
4)Analyze this situation.  During a current negotiation process,you are a union representative responsible for negotiating wages andbenefits. Defend the top three things you want to seeplaced in the agreement, and support your decisions. For the purposesof the validity of an agreement in the negotiation of wages andbenefits there must be:
Awritten formal document: This document that may be in the form of aletter makes the agreement formal and acts a point of reference ofthe dated agreement. This document also provides the date on whichthe negotiations are to be implemented.
Signatureof the Manager: The manager’s signature acts a verdict that he waspartisan to the agreement and allowed the implementations of theagreement. The signature shows that the contract of the bargainingwas a voluntary process.
Theagreed amount after the bargaining: The reached at a value of thewages and benefits in terms of monetary value would bring adistinction between the initial payments and the currently agreedupon wages and benefits. Without the inclusion of the newly acceptedbenefits and wages, the negotiation process would not have anymeaning to the employees.
Clutterbuck, D. (2003). Managing Work-life Balance: A Guide for HR in Achieving Organisational and Individual Change. London: CIPD Publishing.
Crouter, A. C. (2009). Work-life Policies. Kansas: The Urban Insitute.
Lowe, G. (2012). Creating Healthy Organizations: How Vibrant Workplaces Inspire Employees to Achieve Sustainable Success. Salford: University of Toronto Press.